Buddhism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Religion

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 332 pages of information about Buddhism.
This section contains 5,397 words
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Early Encounters

Discovery of Buddhism Through Texts

The credit for first systematizing the increasing amount of information on Buddhist texts and concepts goes to the Paris philologist Eugène Burnouf (1801–1852). His L'introduction à l'histoire du buddhisme indien (1844) presented a scientific survey of Buddhist history and doctrines. Burnouf imposed a rational order on ideas hitherto perceived as unrelated, in this way creating the prototype of the European concept of Buddhism. In the 1850s, Europe witnessed a boom of studies and translations, paving the way for an enhanced knowledge of and interest in the teachings. At this time Asian religion was essentially treated as a textual object located in books, Oriental libraries, and institutes of the West.

The writings of the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860) inspired wide interest in Buddhist philosophy and ethics among intellectuals, academics, and artists. In the United States, the...

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This section contains 5,397 words
(approx. 18 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Buddhism Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Religion
Buddhism from Encyclopedia of Religion. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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