Blood Type - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics

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Antigens and Antibodies

To understand blood typing, it is necessary to define antigen and antibody. An antigen is a substance, usually a protein or a glycoprotein, which, when injected into a human (or other organism) that does not have the antigen,

RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN BLOOD TYPES AND ANTIBODIES
Blood Type Antigens on Red Blood Cell Can Donate Blood To Antibodies in Serum Can Receive Blood From
A A A, AB Anti-B A, O
B B B, AB Anti-A B, O
AB A and B AB None AB, O
O None A, B, AB, O Anti-A and anti-B O
will cause an antibody to be produced. Antibodies are a specific type of immune-system proteins known as immunoglobulins, whose role is to fight infections by binding themselves to antigens. In the case of the ABO blood groups, the antigens are present on the surface of the red blood cell, while the...

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This section contains 1,399 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Blood Type Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Genetics
Blood Type from Macmillan Science Library: Genetics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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