Biotic Factors - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Animal Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 3 pages of information about Biotic Factors.
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Biotic Factors

An ecosystem is a community of organisms that interact with each other and with the abiotic and biotic factors in their environment. Abiotic factors are chemical and physical factors such as temperature, soil composition, and climate, along with the amount of sunlight, salinity, and pH. Biotic means living, and biotic factors are the other, living parts of the ecosystem with which an organism must interact. The biotic factors with which an organism interacts depend on whether it is a producer, a consumer, or a decomposer.

Producers are also known as autotrophs, or self-feeders. Producers manufacture the organic compounds that they use as sources of energy and nutrients. Most producers are green plants or algae that make organic compounds through photosynthesis. This process begins when sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll and other pigments in the plant. The plants use energy from sunlight to combine carbon dioxide from...

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This section contains 867 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Biotic Factors Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Animal Sciences
Biotic Factors from Macmillan Science Library: Animal Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.