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A numeration system, or numeral system, is an orderly method in which each numeral of the system is associated with a unique number. Thomas Harriot (1560-1621) is recognized as having given the first generalized treatment of positional number systems. However, his work went unpublished, thus allowing **Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz** (1646-1716) to be credited for the achievement. Both men independently developed the theory of positional number systems.

The **decimal position system**, which uses ten as its base number, has become the dominant numeration system in the world. Three other important types of number systems are *binary, hexadecimal, and octal numeration*. The "binary number system" is a positional representation of numbers based on the number 2 and the **powers** of 2. The "octal number system" is a positional representation of numbers based on the number 8 and the powers of 8, and the "hexadecimal number...

This section contains 790 words(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page) |