Behaviorism - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 19 pages of information about Behaviorism.
This section contains 5,597 words
(approx. 19 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Behaviorism Encyclopedia Article

Radical Behaviorism

Inadequacies of the Law of Effect

Problems with the Law of Effect emerge in the first instance from the radical behaviorist experiments themselves. Contrary to popular belief, it is not only human behavior that resists radical behavioristic explanation; the theory does not even really work for the rats. The main problem is that the probability of a response can be increased in ways other than by the Law of Effect. There are at least four classes of phenomena that the law has trouble explaining: latent learning, passive learning, spontaneous alteration, and improvisation.

Latent learning occurs when an animal learns without reinforcement. Rats that were well sated with, for example, food and water were allowed to run around in a maze for ten days without any reward, sometimes being placed in the maze at arbitrarily different points. Subsequently, when they were hungry again they were introduced into the...

(read more)

This section contains 5,597 words
(approx. 19 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Behaviorism Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Behaviorism from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
Follow Us on Facebook