Avicenna (980-1037) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 11┬ápages of information about Avicenna (980–1037).
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Philosophy

Metaphysics

Although Avicenna's system rests on his conception of the Necessary Existent, God, he held that the subject matter of metaphysics is broader than theology. As distinct from physics, which considers moving things "inasmuch as they move," metaphysics is concerned with the existent "inasmuch as it exists." We arrive at the Necessary Existent by first examining the attributes of the existents. Avicenna undertook such examination in detail, drawing those distinctions which greatly influenced Latin scholastic thought. One such distinction is that between a universal like "horse," by definition predicable of many instances, and a universal like "horseness," in itself outside the category of such predication; considered in itself, horseness is simply horseness, neither one nor many. Related to this is the fundamental distinction between essence and existence.

If we examine any existing species, we find nothing in its essence to account for its existence. In itself, such...

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This section contains 3,284 words
(approx. 11 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Avicenna (980-1037) Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Avicenna (980-1037) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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