Artificial Intelligence - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 5 pages of information about Artificial Intelligence.
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History

The study of artificial intelligence has a long history, dating back to the work of British mathematician Charles Babbage (1791–1871) who developed a special-purpose "Difference Engine" for mechanically computing the values of certain polynomial functions. Similar work was also done by German mathematician Gottfried Wilhem von Leibniz (1646–1716), who introduced the first system of formal logic and constructed machines for automating calculation. George Boole, Ada Byron King, Countess of Lovelace, Gottlob Frege, and Alfred Tarski have all significantly contributed to the advancement of the field of artificial intelligence.

Knowledge Representation

It has long been recognized that the language and models used to represent reality profoundly impact one's understanding of reality itself. When humans think about a particular system, they form a mental model of that system and then proceed to discover truths about the system. These truths lead to the ability to make predictions or general...

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This section contains 1,253 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Artificial Intelligence Encyclopedia Article
Copyrights
Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences
Artificial Intelligence from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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