Arnauld, Antoine (1612–1694) - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Arnauld, Antoine(1612–1694)

After 1661, when Louis XIV took sole control of the government following the death of Mazarin, considerable pressure was placed on those associated with Port-Royal to bring them into conformity with the official church rejection of Jansenism. This pressure involved the closing of the petite écoles at Port-Royal, but the instruction there informed two books that Arnauld coauthored with fellow Port-Royalists, the Grammaire generale et raisonée, which he authored with Claude Lancelot in 1660, and the Logique ou l'art de penser, which he authored with Pierre Nicole in 1662. Noam Chomsky (1966) emphasizes the importance of the view in the former work that there is an innate "universal grammar" responsible for language (compare Arnauld and Lancelot 1975). The latter work served as a popular Cartesian alternative to scholastic texts on logic, and indeed the University of Paris formally adopted it in 1720 for...

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This section contains 4,643 words
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Buy the Arnauld, Antoine (1612–1694) Encyclopedia Article
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Arnauld, Antoine (1612–1694) from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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