Architecture - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Computer Sciences

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 4 pages of information about Architecture.
This section contains 1,051 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
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Architecture, which is generally defined as the art and science of designing and constructing edifices of any kind for human use, is one of the main design activities humankind has developed to modify its environment. Architecture is often cited among the oldest existing professions on Earth. Indeed, the way architects have approached their design problems, realized their designs through construction, and practiced their profession had not changed significantly over many centuries until the emergence of computers.

Computers typically allow architects to create, store, and retrieve data describing design; to generate design solutions automatically; to test prospective solutions for their applicability; and to collaborate and communicate with clients, constructors, engineers, and other designers during design and construction processes. The early uses of computers in architecture and design did not come directly from the discipline itself, however.

The introduction of computer graphics commenced in the late...

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This section contains 1,051 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Architecture Encyclopedia Article
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Architecture from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.