Anorexia Nervosa - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 2 pages of information about Anorexia Nervosa.
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Physical Effects

Anorexia, which is technically starvation, has serious physical effects on a growing adolescent's body. These effects include:

Growth problems. In a young girl who has not finished growing, anorexia can increase the risk of bone deformities or limit eventual adult height.

Delay of sexual maturation. When the percentage of a girl's body fat drops below a certain critical level, a girl will not ovulate or menstruate, and puberty will not progress normally.

Gastrointestinal problems. Diarrhea brought about by laxative use can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Vomiting can cause pancreatic, esophageal, glandular, and dental problems.

Endocrine and metabolic problems. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) can cause dizziness and confusion. Malnutrition may result in weakness, fatigue, or muscle cramps. Dehydration is possible.

Skin and hair abnormalities. Anorectics' skin is typically dry and mottled. A fine hair called lanugo grows on the shoulders, back, arms, and face, and pubic...

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This section contains 553 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Anorexia Nervosa Encyclopedia Article
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Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence
Anorexia Nervosa from Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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