Ancient Egypt 2675-332 B.c.e.: Architecture and Design - Research Article from Arts and Humanities Through the Eras

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Transition to the Middle Kingdom

Nebhepetre Mentuhotep.

Between the end of Dynasty 6 (2170 B.C.E.) and the inauguration of the Middle Kingdom in the Mid-eleventh Dynasty (2008 B.C.E.) royal architecture did not exist because the central government had collapsed. Egypt was ruled by provincial officials. Royal architecture in the Middle Kingdom begins again with King Nebhepetre Mentuhotep, the founder of the Middle Kingdom. Nebhepetre Mentuhotep was among the most famous kings in ancient Egyptian history. He reestablished the central government of Egypt after the First Intermediate Period (the period without central government from 2130–2008 B.C.E.), and ushered in a unified period now called the Middle Kingdom about 2008 B.C.E. Kings for the next 1,000 years claimed Nebhepetre Mentuhotep as an ancestor because they believed it helped them establish their own legitimacy to rule Egypt.

Mentuhotep's tomb complex. CREATED BY GGS INFORMATION SERVICES. GALE. Mentuhotep's tomb complex. CREATED BY GGS INFORMATION SERVICES...

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