Aids - Research Article from World of Microbiology and Immunology

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 5 pages of information about Aids.
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The advent of AIDS (acquired immunity deficiency syndrome) in early 1981 surprised the scientific community, as many researchers at that time viewed the world to be on the brink of eliminating infectious disease. AIDS, an infectious disease syndrome that suppresses the immune system, is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), part of a group of viruses known as retroviruses. The name AIDS was coined in 1982. Victims of AIDS most often die from opportunistic infections that take hold of the body because the immune system is severely impaired.

Following the discovery of AIDS, scientists attempted to identify the virus that causes the disease. In 1983 and 1984 two scientists and their teams reported isolating HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. One was French immunologist Luc Montagnier (1932- ), working at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and the other was American immunologist Robert Gallo (1937- ) at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland...

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This section contains 1,479 words
(approx. 5 pages at 300 words per page)
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Aids from Gale. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.