Agriculture, Modern - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences

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Basic Practices of Modern Agricultural Systems

Intensive Tillage.

The soil is cultivated deeply, completely, and regularly in most modern agricultural systems, and a vast array of tractors and farm implements have been developed to facilitate this practice. The soil is loosened, water drains better, roots grow faster, and seeds can be planted more easily. Cultivation is also used to control weeds and work dead plant matter into the soil.

Monoculture.

When one crop is grown alone in a field, it is called a monoculture. Monoculture makes it easier to cultivate, sow seed, control weeds, and harvest, as well as expand the size of the farm operation and improve aspects of profitability and cost. At the same time, monocultures tend to promote the use of the other five basic practices of modern agriculture.

Use of Synthetic Fertilizers.

Very dramatic yield increases occur with the application of synthetic chemical fertilizers...

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This section contains 1,057 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Agriculture, Modern Encyclopedia Article
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Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences
Agriculture, Modern from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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