Agriculture, History Of - Research Article from Macmillan Science Library: Plant Sciences

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The history of agriculture (the production of food by plant cultivation and animal husbandry and control of productivity) can be organized around several themes (such as time, productivity, environmental impact, and genetic diversity). The most obvious is time and the sequence of events from gathering wild plants for food to crop plant domestication, to yield-enhanced hybrid seed.

An ancient Egyptian fresco depicting a man harvesting wheat. An ancient Egyptian fresco depicting a man harvesting wheat.

Origins of Agriculture

The origin of agriculture was around ten thousand years ago or approximately four hundred human generations back in time and prehistory, before written records were kept. What is known is based on evidence gathered from archaeological sites. Agriculture started independently in at least three places in the world, each with a distinctive cluster of plants drawn from the local flora: Mesoamerica (Mexico/Guatemala: corn, beans, squash, papaya, tomatoes, chili, peppers), the Fertile Crescent (Middle East...

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This section contains 1,957 words
(approx. 7 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the Agriculture, History Of Encyclopedia Article
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Agriculture, History Of from Macmillan. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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