African Americans - Research Article from Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 59 pages of information about African Americans.
This section contains 17,627 words
(approx. 59 pages at 300 words per page)
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African Americans

Overview

History

Some historians consider ancient Africa the cradle of human civilization. In Before the Mayflower, Lerone Bennett, Jr., contended that "the African ancestors of American Blacks were among the major benefactors of the human race. Such evidence as survives clearly shows that Africans were on the scene and acting when the human drama opened."

Over the course of a dozen centuries, beginning around 300 A.D., a series of three major political states arose in Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. These agricultural and mining empires began as small kingdoms but eventually established great wealth and control throughout Western Africa.

African societies were marked by varying degrees of political, economic, and social advancement. "Wherever we observe the peoples of Africa," wrote John Hope Franklin in From Slavery to Freedom, "we find some sort of political organization, even among the so-called stateless. They were not all highly organized...

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This section contains 17,627 words
(approx. 59 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the African Americans Encyclopedia Article
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Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America
African Americans from Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale, a part of the Thomson Corporation. All rights reserved.
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