Aesthetics, History of [addendum] - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Aesthetics, History of [addendum]

Twentieth-Century Aesthetics

Anglo-American Aesthetics

Naturalism, Organicism, Pragmatism

One main line of twentieth-century aesthetics begins with George Santayana's The Sense of Beauty of 1896. Santayana's book was a renewal of the empiricism and naturalism of the eighteenth century undertaken in opposition to the incorporation of aesthetics into speculative metaphysics by philosophers such as Schelling, Schopenhauer, and Hegel. Santayana held that beauty is "value positive, intrinsic, and objectified": a pleasurable emotion that is "pure gain" and that we regard as if it were a property of its object even though it depends upon our own response. The idea that beauty is objectified pleasure is found in writers from Hutcheson to Kant, but Santayana departed from the reductionism characteristic of many eighteenth-century authors by refusing to restrict the sources of such pleasure to a single category. He instead showed how such pleasure can arise from the...

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This section contains 8,037 words
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Buy the Aesthetics, History of [addendum] Encyclopedia Article
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Aesthetics, History of [addendum] from Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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