Abortion - Research Article from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics

This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 12 pages of information about Abortion.
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Abortion Definition and Techniques

Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy and the expulsion of pregnancy tissue, including embryo/fetus, placenta, and membranes. In principle, pregnancy begins with conception (in vivo fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon). The earliest that a pregnancy can be clinically recognized, however, is when a serum pregnancy test becomes positive (approximately one week to ten days after ovulation). In a spontaneous abortion, also called a miscarriage, the termination of pregnancy is not intentional. In popular usage, as in the present case, the term abortion refers solely to an intentionally induced termination of a clinically recognized pregnancy.

References to abortion techniques describing both medication and surgical measures appear in the records of ancient civilizations, including those of China, Greece, and Rome. The modern surgical technique, which was developed in the nineteenth century, involves dilation (opening the cervix) and sharp curettage (removing the uterine contents...

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This section contains 3,582 words
(approx. 12 pages at 300 words per page)
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Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics
Abortion from Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics. Copyright © 2001-2006 by Macmillan Reference USA, an imprint of the Gale Group. All rights reserved.
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