1865–1877: Reconstruction - Research Article from American Civil War Reference Library

Eric Foner
This encyclopedia article consists of approximately 25┬ápages of information about 1865–1877.
This section contains 7,286 words
(approx. 25 pages at 300 words per page)
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1865–1877: Reconstruction

Reconstruction was the period in American history immediately after the Civil War. The physical rebuilding of Southern cities, ports, railroads, and farms that had been destroyed during the war was only a small part of the Reconstruction process. The major work of Reconstruction involved restoring the membership of the Southern states in the Union.

The Civil War ended on April 9, 1865, when Confederate general Robert E. Lee (1807–1870) surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885) at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia. The North's victory settled two important issues. First, it established that states were not allowed to leave, or secede from, the United States. Second, it put an end to slavery throughout the country. But the end of the war also raised a whole new set of issues. For example, federal lawmakers had to decide whether to punish the Confederate leaders, what process to use...

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This section contains 7,286 words
(approx. 25 pages at 300 words per page)
Buy the 1865–1877: Reconstruction Encyclopedia Article
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