The point of view of the play's text is third-person. There are two main characters, Jack and Algernon, although much activity within the second act transpires without their presence. As the work is a theatrical performance, there is no narrator. There is no way to tell what the characters think or feel aside from the way in which they act and in what they say. This is important to keep in mind because different directors would invariably change the actions of the characters to suit their own needs. Since the story is told completely through the words and actions of the characters, any given two performances might actually be very different from one another in terms of meaning, intent, and quality.
The play is divided into three brief acts. The acts stand alone and are not further divided into scenes. The play takes place in a very short amount of time. Though several days might pass between Act I and Act II, Act II and Act III are written as back-to-back events. As a result, the play has a very fast-paced feel to it. This is usually considered as necessary for satires.
The Importance of Being Earnest, BookRags