Comic relief is the use of humor to lighten the mood of a story, and black humor is the juxtaposition of humorous elements and grotesque elements used to shock the reader. Both comic relief and black humor are evident In the story; Atwood is known for her biting, sarcastic humor, and "Rape Fantasies" is no exception. From the beginning of the story, Estelle jokes about a serious topic: "Rape, Ten Things to Do About It, like it was ten new hairdos or something." From the start, it is apparent that not only is the topic of the story rape, but also It is going to be treated irreverently. Black humor is comedy that coexists with horror.