Papa's failures were many in Farewell to Manzanar. He was a man whose spirit and will to live were eventually lost. A broken man, he was never more than a shell. Compared to Woody, Jeanne's older brother, this tragic turn of events for their family galvanizes him. When Woody comes back after the war he has learned many things about their family and about himself. As a fully vested American citizen, Woody is able to make a life for himself and his family where Papa could not. Woody was able to embrace the future, while Papa can only live in the past and rail against his own misfortunes.