Civilization and Its Discontents

How does Freud describe the connection between life and death in building conscience?


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Freud connects this struggle between love and death in the individual to the development of a conscience, for it is the death instinct pointed inward when the super-ego seeks to punish the ego for "bad" thoughts. This, in turn, results in a sense of guilt, which is the tool by which men are made unhappy in civilization.


Civilization and Its Discontents