The description of Mother's regular outings to the Rouge Valley show how it came to represent resilience and the possibility for a thriving life. It is made explicit that the trips to the Rouge Valley are more than just recreation when Michael asks, "what was the hope or philosophy in these excursions?" (148). The descriptions focus on verdant growth, blooming possibility, and resilient wildlife. She compared monarch butterflies to migrants, and notes the "pure fierceness and pride" (148) of a red-shouldered hawk. When she told her boys a story about moths in the Rouge Valley while they were lying in bed, she said that even if they looked like trash in the wind, they are alive and flying. Through the connections Mother drew between resiliency of life finding a way to thrive in a green pocket of habitat, surrounded by concrete, she was suggesting that they could also manage to thrive in a hostile environment.