1. What three circumstances increase the quantity of work as a consequence of the division of labor?
Three circumstances that increase the quantity of work as a consequence of the division of labor are as follows: first, it increases dexterity in every particular workman; secondly, it saves the time which is commonly lost in passing from one species of work to another; and lastly, it promotes the invention of machines which enable one man to do the work of many.
2. Who commonly makes improvements in manufacturing machinery?
Improvements in manufacturing machinery are not necessarily made by those who use the machinery. Many improvements have been made by the ingenuity of the makers of the machines, which is a trade or business of itself. Other philosophers or men of speculation who observe such machines are often capable of combining together the powers of the most distant and dissimilar objects to improve them.
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