|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. How many Hessian soldiers do the British hire?
2. What habits does General William Howe adopt after he recognizes the rebels' level of resistance?
3. According to the author, during the American's retreat following their defeat in New York, how do the rebels behave?
4. What is one important way the Americans display their lack of training and discipline?
5. What is Thomas Paine's intention in publishing his second pamphlet?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why is the war victory celebrated by Bostonians premature when the British leave town and George Washington and his men march through as heroes?
2. Why is it in this chapter, "The Crisis," that the author mentions that some people refer to George Washington as a dictator?
3. From what source do the Hessians draw their troops?
4. Although the British eventually gain the upper hand at the Battle of Bunker Hill, what is it that so affects General William Howe?
5. When they arrive in America, the British army consists of what elements?
6. How does George Washington fare in Manhattan in 1776?
7. What does Thomas Paine seek to change with his second pamphlet, entitled "The American Crisis," in November 1776?
8. Why is George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River considered the turning point in the American Revolutionary War?
9. As the winter of 1776 approaches, what view do the British develop regarding the American Revolution?
10. What do the Van Horne, Stockton, and other prominent New Jersey families, have in common during the Revolution?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
What elements comprise the Hessian army? How many Hessian troops are there? From what sources does Friedrich Wilhelm II draw his recruits and expand his army? What are considered "expendable" elements? Where do high-ranking officers within the Hessian army originate?
Essay Topic 2
How crucial are discipline and order to the defeats and victories of each army? How do these issues come up throughout the duration of the conflict? How difficult are these lessons for the Americans to learn as they progress? How do the Americans eventually come to see the benefits?
Essay Topic 3
How do the War Councils of George Washington and Charles Cornwallis compare? How large are their respective councils? Who are the members? How do the respective commanders conduct their councils when making decisions? What is Cornwallis' approach to utilizing his council? How does Washington rely upon his council?
This section contains 1,189 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)