Washington's Crossing Test | Final Test - Easy

David Hackett Fischer
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The night after the battle at the bridge where rebels win their second victory, Charles Cornwallis' men keep tabs on the Americans, the objective being to watch the enemy and do what?
(a) Keep rebel patrols from finding the positions of British units.
(b) Keep rebel patrols from finding the positions of Hessian units.
(c) Keep rebel patrols at bay.
(d) Keep rebel patrols from finding the positions of British and Hessian units.

2. In "Good Ground," the author notes the Americans learn the British leaders are planning to strike at either Trenton or what location?
(a) Cresskill.
(b) Cranbury.
(c) Cranford.
(d) Crosswicks.

3. From a military perspective, what is George Washington concerned about in the attack at Trenton?
(a) His troops are soaking wet, cold, and slow.
(b) The element of surprise has been lost.
(c) His troops are in poor spirits.
(d) A large loss of supplies and weapons in the crossing.

4. Due to their delay from bad weather, George Washington puts their attack time at about what hour?
(a) 7 a.m.
(b) 11 a.m.
(c) 9 a.m.
(d) Noon.

5. What was George Washington's objective in seizing control of the bridge at Princeton?
(a) Keep the British troops from fleeing and reinforcements from arriving.
(b) Stop British reinforcements from arriving.
(c) Keep the British troops from fleeing.
(d) Keep Charles Cornwallis and his entourage from escaping.

6. Intelligence has what to do with the Americans' success in "The Surprise" battle and the Hessian's failure?
(a) A great deal.
(b) Significant only in the Americans' success.
(c) Significant only in the Hessian's failure.
(d) A minimal influence.

7. As the weather worsens, the Americans do not make their return crossing over the river in pursuit of the Hessians until when?
(a) New Year's Eve.
(b) The first week of January, 1777.
(c) The second week of January, 1777.
(d) New Year's Day.

8. British commanders are highly skilled professionals who bond with one another as old boys, but are sensitive to what?
(a) Education and rank.
(b) Wealth and title.
(c) Rank and privilege.
(d) Wealth and competence.

9. The American soldiers' determination truly shines through during this whole campaign, and as the author mentions, George Washington's own determination plays what role in their success?
(a) An unnecessary role.
(b) A minimal role.
(c) A moderate role.
(d) A big role.

10. Ultimately, the American artillery overpowers the Hessian guns, and the enemy does what when this happens in "The Surprise" battle?
(a) Begin to regroup in their positions.
(b) Overrun the Americans on horseback.
(c) Put up a final stand.
(d) Begin to flee their posts.

11. What view proves to be a mistake of historical consequence on the part of the Hessians in the pivotal battle at Trenton?
(a) The rebel units are more extensively trained than the Hessians.
(b) They can not gather the offense needed to fight off the rebels.
(c) They can not gather the defense needed to fight off the rebels.
(d) They are severely outnumbered.

12. In "Hard Choices," who urges George Washington to push the enemy from the state?
(a) General Nathanael Greene.
(b) Alexander Hamilton.
(c) Benjamin Franklin.
(d) John Cadwalader.

13. In battles at what locations do the Americans learn important lessons about artillery?
(a) Concord and Boston.
(b) Boston and Baltimore.
(c) Baltimore and New York.
(d) Boston and New York.

14. As the Americans assemble and pursue their march toward Trenton, what course does the stormy weather take?
(a) It gets worse.
(b) It clears as Americans arrive on scene.
(c) It remains steady.
(d) It eases up, but continues.

15. George Washington has a smaller army but a larger War Council. Washinginton's War Council has more open meetings, proposes problems for advice about how to advance rather than having already made decisions, and includes what else?
(a) Any soldier, unlike Charles Cornwallis' small, aristocratic circle.
(b) Enlisted troops, but no civilians.
(c) Local citizens who are invited to attend and speak freely.
(d) Any officer or non-commissioned officer is invited to speak openly.

Short Answer Questions

1. The Americans intend to use their artillery pieces as shock weapons against the enemy and as what else?

2. Although the Hessians prepare in every other way possible against an attack, what factor plays a crucial role in the events the author details in the chapter he calls "The Surprise?"

3. What do the Hessians do prior to the attack in "The Surprise?"

4. In "Hard Choices," the author indicates that it is important to note George Washington's style of leadership when his war council convenes, that he presents a promising proposal as what?

5. In "The Surprise," time is still of the essence for the Americans in this historical battle for what reason?

(see the answer keys)

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