Washington's Crossing Test | Final Test - Easy

David Hackett Fischer
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In "Hard Choices," the enemy is moving to the east side of what state?
(a) Pennsylvania.
(b) New Jersey.
(c) New York.
(d) Delaware.

2. Although George Washington has gained the victory the Americans desperately need in "The Surprise" battle, he also recognizes what?
(a) He has lost a considerable number of troops.
(b) He has used a significant amount of munitions.
(c) He has awoken a formidable enemy.
(d) Luck is the only reason he won.

3. While the British position at Princeton proves "untenable," they manage to disrupt George Washington's advance where?
(a) Brunswick.
(b) Berwick.
(c) Bentley.
(d) Bristol.

4. From a military perspective, what is George Washington concerned about in the attack at Trenton?
(a) His troops are in poor spirits.
(b) The element of surprise has been lost.
(c) His troops are soaking wet, cold, and slow.
(d) A large loss of supplies and weapons in the crossing.

5. In "Good Ground," the author notes the Americans learn the British leaders are planning to strike at either Trenton or what location?
(a) Cresskill.
(b) Crosswicks.
(c) Cranbury.
(d) Cranford.

6. George Washington holds firmly to his resolve, which the author points out is one of the reasons the general's men regard him how?
(a) Follow him.
(b) Fear him.
(c) Love him.
(d) Stand by him.

7. The original plans are to cross the Delaware River under what circumstances?
(a) Under cover of darkness and attack a little after dawn.
(b) At dawn and attack with adequate daylight.
(c) Under cover of darkness and attack at dawn.
(d) Under cover of darkness and attack a little before dawn.

8. George Washington has a smaller army but a larger War Council. Washinginton's War Council has more open meetings, proposes problems for advice about how to advance rather than having already made decisions, and includes what else?
(a) Enlisted troops, but no civilians.
(b) Local citizens who are invited to attend and speak freely.
(c) Any officer or non-commissioned officer is invited to speak openly.
(d) Any soldier, unlike Charles Cornwallis' small, aristocratic circle.

9. Ultimately, the American artillery overpowers the Hessian guns, and the enemy does what when this happens in "The Surprise" battle?
(a) Overrun the Americans on horseback.
(b) Begin to regroup in their positions.
(c) Begin to flee their posts.
(d) Put up a final stand.

10. In "Hard Choices," who urges George Washington to push the enemy from the state?
(a) Alexander Hamilton.
(b) John Cadwalader.
(c) General Nathanael Greene.
(d) Benjamin Franklin.

11. The American objective following their victory over the Hessians at Trenton, regardless of ease of defense, is to entice the enemy into an assault where?
(a) In an American city.
(b) In the open American countryside.
(c) Off the American coast.
(d) On the Americans' turf.

12. Charles Cornwallis has a larger army but fewer members in his War Council, which he operates more like a court where he is a ruler rather than a leader, and is referred to by what term?
(a) My Lord.
(b) Your Honor.
(c) My Superior.
(d) Baron.

13. British commanders are highly skilled professionals who bond with one another as old boys, but are sensitive to what?
(a) Wealth and title.
(b) Wealth and competence.
(c) Education and rank.
(d) Rank and privilege.

14. How do Cornwallis' troops come to feel in comparison with their commanders?
(a) They have a new respect for rebels, but retain faith in their own leaders.
(b) They have a new respect for Americans, and are losing faith in their own leaders.
(c) They view the American victory as a fluke, and are keeping faith in their own leaders.
(d) They have no new respect for rebels, but have diminishing faith in their own leaders.

15. According to the author in the chapter entitled "The Surprise," if the Americans lose this historical battle, it will signal the end of George Washington's career, if not what?
(a) The end of the American cause altogether.
(b) The end of the rebel assault for months to come.
(c) The loss of significant amounts of American supplies.
(d) The flight of the rebel army.

Short Answer Questions

1. How many of the Americans' artillery pieces are lost in George Washington's Delaware River crossing?

2. In "Hard Choices," the author notes one of the biggest problems facing George Washington's army is recruiting new troops as many soldiers are reaching the end of their term and planning to do what?

3. As the Americans march toward Princeton, the odds have changed and they now outnumber the British by what ratio?

4. What view proves to be a mistake of historical consequence on the part of the Hessians in the pivotal battle at Trenton?

5. What item of intelligence that the Hessians receive proves false in the battle Mr. Fischer details in "The Surprise?"

(see the answer keys)

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