|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What can a subject do regardless of the type of ruler according to Locke?
(a) Take matters into his own hands.
(b) Appeal to the law.
(c) Make a stake for his own property.
(d) Be an anarchist.
2. What should no human sanction oppose according to Locke?
(a) The right to fight.
(b) The preservation of mankind.
(c) The right to rule.
(d) The right to assembly peacefully.
3. What penalties can laws sometimes include?
(a) The loss of a child.
(b) The death penalty.
(c) The loss of speech.
(d) The loss of marriage.
4. How do people pay for the benefit of the government's protection?
(a) By giving up some rights.
(d) By refusing to fight.
5. What does Locke believe that citizens can do if a man is unfit to be the ruler?
(a) Remove the ruler.
(b) Wage war.
(c) Replace the ruler.
(d) Destroy the kingdom.
6. What does Locke argue should be expected of the ruler?
(a) To follow the laws and not make arbitrary decisions.
(b) To rule only for four years.
(c) To be kind and understanding.
(d) To be compassionate.
7. What does Locke argue that the people hold as supreme and unalterable?
(a) Absolute monarchy.
(b) The government.
(c) The legislature.
(d) Natural law.
8. Whose power in society does Locke say must be for the good of the society as a whole?
(a) The monarch's.
(b) The legislator's.
(c) The slave owner's.
(d) The property owner's.
9. What was the rule of inheritance among families in a commonwealth?
(a) The royal family decides which families inherit what properties.
(b) The father decides who inherits.
(c) The eldest son inherits.
(d) The oldest child inherits.
10. What should have defined laws, according to Locke?
(d) Property ownership.
11. How does Locke say man establishes his right of property?
(a) Through slavery.
(b) Through warfare.
(c) Through the power of the commonwealth.
(d) Through labor he expends.
12. What does Locke define political power as?
(a) The power that a magistrate has over a subject.
(b) The power of a master over a slave.
(c) The power of a husband over a wife.
(d) The power of a father over a child.
13. What right does Locke say any citizen has regarding crimes?
(a) The right to seek revenge.
(b) The right and duty to prevent crime.
(c) The right to fight crime.
(d) The right to create war.
14. What is the one supreme power over the commonwealth?
(a) The federative.
(b) The legislative.
(c) The political.
(d) The executive.
15. How does Locke believe that natural freedom and the rule of parents fit together?
(a) Natural freedom is stolen from children by their parents.
(b) Natural freedom opposes all parental rule.
(c) Children have to be old enough to understand the law of reason and are free until this age.
(d) Natural freedom is given to children by parents.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who cannot give the injured party satisfaction?
2. How does Locke define legislative power?
3. Locke determines that children fail to experience __________ in their early years.
4. What does Locke argue about the inheritance of power and the right to rule?
5. Where does the authority to make laws come from?
This section contains 556 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)