|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What book had JFK recently read that had to do with miscalculations leading to war?
(a) The Guns of August.
(b) The Dangerous Summer.
(d) The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich.
2. Who said, "they, no more than we, can let these things go by without doing something. They can't after all their statements, permit us to take out their missiles, kill a lot of Russians, and then do nothing. If they don't take action in Cuba, they certainly will in Berlin" (28)?
(a) John F. Kennedy.
(b) Robert F. Kennedy.
(c) General Shoup.
(d) General LeMay.
3. Why did JFK change the line of interception for the blockade?
(a) To buy time.
(b) To tighten the line.
(c) To show force.
(d) For safety.
4. In the section "Tuesday morning, October 16, 1962 . . .," why were initial reports of missiles in Cuba not passed on to the President?
(a) They were reports from double agents.
(b) They were passed on to the President, but were ignored.
(c) They were lies.
(d) They needed to be rechecked.
5. What was one requirement of the blockade plan?
(a) All ship that enter the blockade be inspected.
(b) That no ships could pass the blockade.
(c) A promise to withdraw weapons from Berlin.
(d) A meeting with the Organization of American States.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who presented the argument for a blockade?
2. Who sent messages praising Russia and castigating the U.S.?
3. Who publicly confronted Soviet Union Ambassador V. A. Zorin?
4. What might have happened to the President if he had not acted?
5. In which branch of government does Robert believe rank often plays a role?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did the Intelligence Community not believe Cuba was a threat to the United States?
2. Which countries immediately supported the U.S. in the decision for a blockade? Why did JFK favor a blockade over a surgical air strike?
3. What personal insights does RFK provide about JFK when they are waiting for news about the first ships meant to reach the blockade?
4. How does Berlin factor into the decision making about the Cuban Missile Crisis?
5. What information did the Intelligence Community have about the missiles in September, but did not inform the President about at that time? Why were they not passed on?
6. What other actions did the U.S. take besides the blockade?
7. How did Ex Comm formulate their recommendations to the President?
8. What was ironic about JFK's meeting with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrea Gromyko?
9. Why does RFK slip the President a note saying "I now know how Tojo felt when he was planning Pearl Harbor" (25)? How do the situations compare?
10. After the blockade takes effect, RFK meets with Dobrynin again. What do they discuss?
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