|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Leeming say trees are often sacred symbols?
(a) Because the tree loses its leaves but grows them back.
(b) Because the tree is the heart of so many of men's tools.
(c) Because the sacred tree's roots reach to the center of the earth.
(d) Because the tree can provide for so many needs.
2. What does Leeming say Christ's cross and Odin and Attis' sacred trees represent?
(a) The bridge between death and eternity.
(b) Dual nature of death.
(c) The physical nature of the world.
(d) The apotheosis of the hero.
3. When was the story of Gilgamesh likely composed?
(a) 2000 BCE.
(b) 1,000 BCE.
(c) 900 CE.
(d) 1,500 BCE.
4. What does Leeming say Oedipus was on a quest for?
5. What does Leeming say is similar between the myths of Hiawatha and the Buddha?
(a) Both conclude with an apotheosis.
(b) Both can be related to self-denial.
(c) Both are related to divine knowledge.
(d) Both involve flowers.
6. What does Leeming say that Galahad found in the Chapel Perilous?
(a) The Holy Grail.
(b) Sir Lancelot and Guinevere.
(c) A giant.
(d) King Arthur.
7. What does Leeming say the rocks in the stories of Jesus, Arthur, Mithras, and Isaac represent?
(a) A bridge between death and resurrection.
(b) The immanence of transcendence.
(c) A link to the Great Mother.
(d) The permanence of fate.
8. What does Leeming say European temples are meant to represent?
(a) The relationship between worshiper and spirit.
(b) The marriage between the hero and the mother-wife.
(c) The expression of a divine law or idea.
(d) The incarnation of the divinity.
9. At Oedipus' birth, what did the oracle predict Oedipus would do?
(a) Discover medicines.
(b) Kill his father and marry his mother.
(c) Found a new country.
(d) Institute an age of peace.
10. How does Leeming say Buddha was conceived?
(a) He was conceived first as a snake.
(b) He created himself through his mother's dreams.
(c) He was conceived by the sky god.
(d) He was a normal human baby.
11. What does Leeming say happened when the Greek soldiers came out of the wooden horse and captured Troy?
(a) The gigantomachy was avenged.
(b) A new age of the world was initiated.
(c) The cosmos was turned to chaos.
(d) Greek enemies everywhere lost hope.
12. What does Leeming say Cuchulain had upon his birth?
(a) Six fingers on each hand.
(b) All the powers he needed for his quest.
(c) A sword.
(d) A powerful family.
13. What does Leeming mean by the term 'monomyth'?
(a) The commonality of elements in all myths.
(b) The tendency of most hero stories to follow one pattern.
(c) The single identity of all heroes.
(d) The persistence of the collective unconscious across cultures.
14. What is the temple at Delphi a microcosm for in Leeming's account?
(a) The Olympic temples.
(b) The universe.
(c) The city.
(d) The heavens.
15. What does Leeming say the loss of genitals represents in myth?
(a) Loss of a culture's integrity.
(b) Gaining second sight.
(c) Domination by ideas.
(d) Planting a seed in the womb of the Great Mother.
Short Answer Questions
1. How old was Joan of Arc when she first heart supernatural voices?
2. How does Leeming describe the significance of the city?
3. What does Leeming say places and objects represent in myths?
4. What does Leeming say the Aboriginal myth of the Pleiades resembles?
5. What forms does Leeming say the heroes' guides will take?
This section contains 600 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)