The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Finish the statement: According to Rand, " One must _____, and prepare to be _______."
(a) Love, loved.
(b) Act, judged.
(c) Act, questioned.
(d) Judge, judged.

2. According to Rand, what does an act of good will require in the eyes of an altruist?
(a) Self-sacrifice.
(b) Self-interest.
(c) Self-manipulation.
(d) Self-mutilation.

3. Which German philosopher does Rand oppose within her own philosophical theory?
(a) Nietzche.
(b) Aristotle.
(c) Kafka.
(d) Sartre.

4. According to Ayn Rand, one must pass moral judgment in order to live what kind of life?
(a) Irrational.
(b) Evil.
(c) Rational.
(d) Good.

5. According to Rand, every interest that a person employs must be based in ________.
(a) Context.
(b) Reason.
(c) Careful consideration.
(d) Reality.

Short Answer Questions

1. In what year was "Atlas Shrugged" published?

2. What word does Rand state that philosophers substitute for God?

3. According to "Isn't Everyone Selfish?", one must ask which question about the desired action?

4. Which philosopher does Rand mention in her essay on "The Objectivist Ethics?"

5. What concept is mentioned once in the book that according to Rand, largely influences collectivist, Western thought?

Short Essay Questions

1. What does Rand mean when she discusses the "cult of moral grayness?"

2. In "Isn't Everyone Selfish?", how does Branden describe the process upon which men act in their own self interest?

3. Explain the point Branden asserts at the beginning of "The Psychology of Pleasure."

4. How must one first begin to identify what is gray, according to Ayn Rand?

5. According to Branden's essay, "The Psychology of Pleasure," how are a person's individual pleasures determined?

6. What is Branden's purpose in writing the essay, "Isn't Everyone Selfish?"

7. According to Nathaniel Branden, why do mystics decree pride as an evil?

8. How does Rand describe the acts of good will committed by an altruist?

9. What are Branden's ideas of self-sacrifice regarding mental health?

10. According to Rand, how must people evaluate their own rational self interest in a given situation?

(see the answer keys)

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