The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Finish the statement: According to Rand, " One must _____, and prepare to be _______."
(a) Love, loved.
(b) Act, questioned.
(c) Judge, judged.
(d) Act, judged.

2. According to Rand, what are ideas of mysticism and morality based upon?
(a) Fear.
(b) Religion.
(c) Loathing.
(d) Whim.

3. According to Rand, what type of principles have ruled Western Society for years?
(a) Christian.
(b) Irrational.
(c) Judeo-Christian.
(d) Egotistical.

4. Which of the following is not included in the hierarchy Rand gives in the objectivist evaluation of committing an act of good will?
(a) Money.
(b) Time.
(c) Plausibility.
(d) Effort.

5. According to Rand, a person who does not attempt to define what is right or wrong in a given situation, and acts as a mixture of the two is morally what?
(a) Right.
(b) Gray.
(c) Black.
(d) White.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Rand, what does an act of good will require in the eyes of the objectivist?

2. According to the principles of selfishness, what would be the correct route for convincing an employer that you are the proper candidate for a job?

3. According to Branden, which concept is used by Mystics to encourage human self-sacrifice?

4. According to Rand, what term is used to describe a method in which one refuses to base his or her interests on context?

5. Which of the following is not included in the events of an emergency according to Rand's essay on "The Ethics of Emergencies"?

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Rand reject the widely accepted views of morals and values in regard to human existence?

2. What does Rand say about an act of good will in the case of an emergency?

3. According to Branden, what are the avenues where one would find pleasure, and why can one find pleasure in such avenues?

4. How does Rand define "context" in her explanation of the four considerations described?

5. Explain Rand's idea of the four considerations of a rational man's thought and their function.

6. According to Branden's essay, "The Psychology of Pleasure," how are a person's individual pleasures determined?

7. What is the answer to the question, "How does One Lead a Rational Life in an Irrational Society?"

8. What does Ayn Rand say about the creation and origins of good and evil in her essay "The Objectivist Ethics?"

9. What does Rand mean when she states that one must not achieve her own interests by her own efforts only and not at the expense of others?

10. According to Rand, how must people evaluate their own rational self interest in a given situation?

(see the answer keys)

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