The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In which publication did "The Virtue of Selfishness" first appear?
(a) The Objectivist Newsletter.
(b) The Times.
(c) The Objectivist Quarterly.
(d) The Journal of Behavioral Psychology.

2. According to Rand, a person who does not attempt to define what is right or wrong in a given situation, and acts as a mixture of the two is morally what?
(a) Gray.
(b) Right.
(c) White.
(d) Black.

3. From the objectivist perspective, what should the risk on committing an act of good will be proportionate to?
(a) A reward.
(b) Nothing, it should be a selfless act.
(c) One's happiness.
(d) Public recognition.

4. What type of tools must one use in a real life situation?
(a) Non-concrete.
(b) Suggestive.
(c) Concrete.
(d) Rational.

5. According to Rand, what are ideas of mysticism and morality based upon?
(a) Loathing.
(b) Fear.
(c) Religion.
(d) Whim.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Branden, which concept is used by Mystics to encourage human self-sacrifice?

2. No one ever really sacrifices oneself because every direct action is motivated by a person's desire. What does Branden say about this statement?

3. According to Rand, what is the vessel in which the government seizes property and goods of the individual?

4. In Branden's essay on "The Psychology of Pleasure" he lists five avenues upon which ________ people find pleasure.

5. Finish this argument as Rand presents it: X is ___________; therefore, his argument is false.

Short Essay Questions

1. Why does Rand reject the widely accepted views of morals and values in regard to human existence?

2. What does Rand mean when she states that one must not achieve her own interests by her own efforts only and not at the expense of others?

3. According to Nathaniel Branden, why is mental health needed for human life and survival?

4. How might society commonly define compromise?

5. How does Rand define "context" in her explanation of the four considerations described?

6. What is Ayn Rand's definition of judgment?

7. What are Branden's thoughts on anxiety and guilt as stated in his essay regarding Mental Health and Mysticism?

8. What would Rand say about a person who searches for the good in some situations but does "the wrong thing" by mistake?

9. What is Branden's purpose in writing the essay, "Isn't Everyone Selfish?"

10. What does Ayn Rand believe happens in the process of a compromise?

(see the answer keys)

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