The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What are the two things Branden claims that perpetuate within society and threaten self-esteem?
(a) Reason and control.
(b) Anxiety and guilt.
(c) Belief and guilt.
(d) Anxiety and frivolity.

2. According to Branden, which word is intellectually confused with "selfishness?"
(a) Self amorous.
(b) Egoism.
(c) Conceit.
(d) Confidence.

3. According to Rand, compromise is similar to what?
(a) Surrender.
(b) Common ground.
(c) Defeat.
(d) Victory.

4. According to Rand, what term is used to describe a method in which one refuses to base his or her interests on context?
(a) Elimination of context.
(b) Context-popping.
(c) A drop-key.
(d) Context-dropping.

5. What type of scheme does Branden's essay on Mental Health versus Mysticism attempt to illustrate?
(a) Pros and cons.
(b) Likert.
(c) Cause and effect.
(d) Manipulation.

Short Answer Questions

1. In Rand's essay, "How Does One Lead a Rational Life in an Irrational Society?" Rand states that people often dismiss evil around them out of what?

2. No one ever really sacrifices oneself because every direct action is motivated by a person's desire. What does Branden say about this statement?

3. According to Ayn Rand, one must pass moral judgment in order to live what kind of life?

4. According to Rand, what are ideas of mysticism and morality based upon?

5. On what principle is a person who steals something they want acting on?

Short Essay Questions

1. What is the answer to the question, "How does One Lead a Rational Life in an Irrational Society?"

2. What are Branden's ideas of self-sacrifice regarding mental health?

3. What is Ayn Rand's definition of judgment?

4. What is Branden's purpose in writing the essay, "Isn't Everyone Selfish?"

5. What would Rand say about a person who searches for the good in some situations but does "the wrong thing" by mistake?

6. According to Nathaniel Branden, why do mystics decree pride as an evil?

7. Explain Rand's idea of the four considerations of a rational man's thought and their function.

8. What does Rand mean when she discusses the "cult of moral grayness?"

9. How must one first begin to identify what is gray, according to Ayn Rand?

10. In Rand's essay, "Doesn't Life Require Compromise?", what does she claim is synonymous with compromise?

(see the answer keys)

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