The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following vocabulary words were not defined in Branden's essay on Mental Health versus Mysticism?
(a) Grief.
(b) Self-esteem.
(c) Sacrifice.
(d) Reason.

2. According to Branden, what determines a person's individual pleasures?
(a) Whim.
(b) Desires.
(c) Values.
(d) Mysticism.

3. From the altruist perspective, saving the life of a stranger is equivalent to saving the life of _________.
(a) God.
(b) Yourself.
(c) A loved one.
(d) All humans.

4. Complete the sentence: In order to act in self interest, man must refuse to sacrifice a ________ value for a _______ one.
(a) Better, worse.
(b) Higher, lower.
(c) Worse, better.
(d) Lower, higher.

5. Which instinct does self-sacrifice directly contradict?
(a) Survival.
(b) Fear.
(c) Neurological.
(d) Protection.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which Greek philosopher is mentioned once within the book?

2. What country is Ayn Rand originally from?

3. In Rand's essay, "How Does One Lead a Rational Life in an Irrational Society?" Rand states that people often dismiss evil around them out of what?

4. According to Rand, every interest that a person employs must be based in ________.

5. What year did Ayn Rand write the essay, "The Cult of Moral Grayness?"

Short Essay Questions

1. How might one find pleasure in doing productive work?

2. In "Isn't Everyone Selfish?", how does Branden describe the process upon which men act in their own self interest?

3. What is Branden's purpose in writing the essay, "Isn't Everyone Selfish?"

4. According to Nathaniel Branden, why is mental health needed for human life and survival?

5. What is the answer to the question, "How does One Lead a Rational Life in an Irrational Society?"

6. What does Rand say about the definition of society in her essay "The Objectivist Ethics?"

7. In Rand's essay, "Doesn't Life Require Compromise?", what does she claim is synonymous with compromise?

8. How does Rand describe the acts of good will committed by an altruist?

9. What does Rand mean when she discusses the "cult of moral grayness?"

10. What does Rand mean when she states that one must not achieve her own interests by her own efforts only and not at the expense of others?

(see the answer keys)

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