The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What is necessary for the existence of self-esteem according to Branden?
(a) Happiness.
(b) Avarice.
(c) Pride.
(d) Confidence.

2. According to Branden, what do values in the context of ethics guide?
(a) A man's actions only.
(b) A man's choice only.
(c) A man's actions and choices.
(d) A man's life.

3. To be selfish is not simply to act on the basis of a __________.
(a) Moral.
(b) Interest.
(c) Whim.
(d) Need.

4. From the altruist perspective, saving the life of a stranger is equivalent to saving the life of _________.
(a) Yourself.
(b) God.
(c) A loved one.
(d) All humans.

5. What book did Rand write to illustrate her objectivist views by setting up a scenario where the characters protest against collectivist ideals?
(a) Total Freedom.
(b) The Fountainhead.
(c) The Virtue of Selfishness.
(d) Atlas Shrugged.

6. What does Rand claim is not a valid standard of value in her essay on "The 'Conflicts' of Men's Interests?"
(a) Urges.
(b) Frustration.
(c) Desires.
(d) Whims.

7. According to Rand, what does an act of good will require in the eyes of the objectivist?
(a) Self-manipulation.
(b) Self-sacrifice.
(c) Self-interest.
(d) Selfishness.

8. How does Western Society deem moral judgment?
(a) Good.
(b) Awful.
(c) Evil.
(d) Irrational.

9. How does Rand define "society" in a basic sense?
(a) A group governed by a government.
(b) A collection of individuals.
(c) The most efficient way of governing the earth.
(d) The downfall of the individual.

10. According to Rand, what are ideas of mysticism and morality based upon?
(a) Fear.
(b) Religion.
(c) Whim.
(d) Loathing.

11. What does Rand claim about the existence of compromise?
(a) That there is no compromise.
(b) That it is possible.
(c) That it can only exist with very rational people.
(d) That it paves the way toward human reason.

12. What type of tools must one use in a real life situation?
(a) Rational.
(b) Suggestive.
(c) Concrete.
(d) Non-concrete.

13. What country is Ayn Rand originally from?
(a) The United States.
(b) Germany.
(c) The United Kingdom.
(d) Russia.

14. Which of the following vocabulary words were not defined in Branden's essay on Mental Health versus Mysticism?
(a) Grief.
(b) Self-esteem.
(c) Reason.
(d) Sacrifice.

15. According to Rand, what are the notions of altruist thought perpetuated by?
(a) Religion.
(b) Morality and mysticism.
(c) Whim.
(d) Philosophers.

Short Answer Questions

1. What notion does Branden attempt to refute in his essay, "Isn't Everyone Selfish"?

2. Which of the following words is not included in those Rand uses to describe desire?

3. Who created "good" and evil" according to Rand?

4. Finish this argument as Rand presents it: X is ___________; therefore, his argument is false.

5. According to Rand, a person who does not attempt to define what is right or wrong in a given situation, and acts as a mixture of the two is morally what?

(see the answer keys)

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