The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which of the following areas is Nathaniel Branden's area of expertise?
(a) Neuroscience.
(b) Theology.
(c) Psychology.
(d) Philosophy.

2. What does self-esteem provide a person with according to Branden?
(a) Superiority complexes.
(b) Surrender.
(c) Control.
(d) Happiness.

3. Rand believes that altruism has destroyed the concept of authentic __________ among men.
(a) Companionship.
(b) Benevolence.
(c) Generousity.
(d) Friendship.

4. What notion does Branden attempt to refute in his essay, "Isn't Everyone Selfish"?
(a) That not all people are selfish.
(b) That selfishness is the right way.
(c) That everyone is selfish.
(d) That selfishness is cruel and wrong.

5. What must the goals one chooses to pursue be in order to be a rational thinker?
(a) Achieveable.
(b) Malleable.
(c) Ever-changing.
(d) Flexible.

6. According to Nathaniel Branden, what word is intellectually confused with "self-sacrifice?"
(a) Selfless.
(b) Faithful.
(c) Gracious.
(d) Altruism.

7. What basis are you acting on If you audition for a Broadway show, you are a poor singer, but you have always have wanted to sing?
(a) Egoism.
(b) Desire.
(c) Self-interest.
(d) Need.

8. Although Rand does not support altruistic belief, she does not ______against it.
(a) Speak.
(b) Attack.
(c) Act.
(d) Rebel.

9. What is necessary for the existence of self-esteem according to Branden?
(a) Avarice.
(b) Confidence.
(c) Pride.
(d) Happiness.

10. According to Branden, what determines a person's individual pleasures?
(a) Desires.
(b) Values.
(c) Whim.
(d) Mysticism.

11. According to Rand, compromise is similar to what?
(a) Surrender.
(b) Defeat.
(c) Victory.
(d) Common ground.

12. At the conclusion of Rand's essay on the Objectivist ethics, what does she state is the standard value for the Objectivist?
(a) Man's life.
(b) The creation of offspring.
(c) The development of the world.
(d) The society.

13. Complete the sentence: In order to act in self interest, man must refuse to sacrifice a ________ value for a _______ one.
(a) Worse, better.
(b) Higher, lower.
(c) Better, worse.
(d) Lower, higher.

14. According to Rand, compromise is synonymous with relinquishing one's ____________.
(a) Freedom.
(b) Choice.
(c) Values.
(d) Self interest.

15. Which German philosopher does Rand oppose within her own philosophical theory?
(a) Kafka.
(b) Sartre.
(c) Nietzche.
(d) Aristotle.

Short Answer Questions

1. In which publication did "The Virtue of Selfishness" first appear?

2. What type of need does "mental health" fall under?

3. According to Rand, a person who does not attempt to define what is right or wrong in a given situation, and acts as a mixture of the two is morally what?

4. What year did Ayn Rand write the essay, "The Cult of Moral Grayness?"

5. What word does Rand state that philosophers substitute for God?

(see the answer keys)

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