The Virtue of Selfishness Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. To be selfish is not simply to act on the basis of a __________.
(a) Need.
(b) Whim.
(c) Interest.
(d) Moral.

2. What is a person considered to be who attempts to find the morally good in a given situation but acts incorrectly by honest mistake?
(a) Pink.
(b) Black.
(c) White.
(d) Gray.

3. Branden states in his essay, "The Psychology of Pleasure" that pleasure is not a _________, but a psychological need.
(a) Necessity.
(b) Right.
(c) Whim.
(d) Luxury.

4. How does Western Society deem moral judgment?
(a) Evil.
(b) Awful.
(c) Good.
(d) Irrational.

5. From the altruist perspective, saving the life of a stranger is equivalent to saving the life of _________.
(a) God.
(b) A loved one.
(c) All humans.
(d) Yourself.

6. Which of the following is not included in the events of an emergency according to Rand's essay on "The Ethics of Emergencies"?
(a) Flood.
(b) Earthquake.
(c) Shipwreck.
(d) Car accident.

7. In what year did Rand write the essay, "The 'Conflicts' of Men's Interests?"
(a) 1963.
(b) 1962.
(c) 1961.
(d) 1972.

8. Which German philosopher does Rand oppose within her own philosophical theory?
(a) Sartre.
(b) Nietzche.
(c) Aristotle.
(d) Kafka.

9. According to Ayn Rand, human error is _______________.
(a) Acceptable.
(b) Unacceptable.
(c) Unavoidable.
(d) Avoidable.

10. In which publication did "The Virtue of Selfishness" first appear?
(a) The Times.
(b) The Journal of Behavioral Psychology.
(c) The Objectivist Quarterly.
(d) The Objectivist Newsletter.

11. What word does Rand state that philosophers substitute for God?
(a) Satan.
(b) Society.
(c) The Church.
(d) People.

12. What type of tools must one use in a real life situation?
(a) Suggestive.
(b) Non-concrete.
(c) Rational.
(d) Concrete.

13. What is it impossible to pursue in a "non-free" society?
(a) Total freedom.
(b) Rational interests.
(c) Establishment.
(d) Equality.

14. Finish the statement. "A" is _________.
(a) A.
(b) Proportionate to Z.
(c) To B as B is to C.
(d) A in the Actual Reality.

15. Which of the following words is not included in those Rand uses to describe desire?
(a) Feelings.
(b) Urges.
(c) Emotions.
(d) Wishes.

Short Answer Questions

1. According to Rand, what term is used to describe a method in which one refuses to base his or her interests on context?

2. From the objectivist perspective, what should the risk on committing an act of good will be proportionate to?

3. Which of the following does not fall into the category of what Branden would consider a proper avenue for seeking pleasure?

4. According to Rand, what are the notions of altruist thought perpetuated by?

5. How does Rand define "society" in a basic sense?

(see the answer keys)

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