The Virtue of Selfishness Short Essay - Answer Key

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Short Essay Questions Key

1. What does Ayn Rand say about the creation and origins of good and evil in her essay "The Objectivist Ethics?"

Ayn Rand attempts to understand whether or not good or evil are an arbitrary human invention or a metaphysical fact. She defines metaphysical in a way of dealing directly with human existence. She refers quickly to philosophers and states that the new origins of "good" and "evil" are such that "good" describes what is good for society.

2. Why does Rand reject the widely accepted views of morals and values in regard to human existence?

Rand believes that the views of morals and values go against the basic rules related to human existence. She believes this because they are not based in reason nor are they related to human survival.

3. Describe what Rand states in "The Objectivist Ethics" that philosophers and scientists have never been able to do?

Rand claims that philosophers and scientists have never been able to articulate where ethics and values come from and why a person needs to adopt a particular code of values to survive.

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