|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Dawkins, for whom does a bird regulate the number of eggs it lays?
(a) For the good of itself.
(b) For the good of its genetic offspring.
(c) For the good of itself and its mate.
(d) For the good of the species.
2. Does Dawkins believe people want to view parental care as different from other evolutionary behaviors?
(a) No, Dawkins believes people can clearly see that parental care fits with evolutionary forces.
(b) No, but Dawkins believes that parental care is a special case.
(c) Yes, but only as it applies to mother-child relationships..
(d) Yes, he believes people want to consider parental care a special case.
3. What does PI stand for?
(a) Parental Investment.
(b) Parental Integrity.
(c) Parental Intelligence.
(d) Parental Involvement.
4. In the example that Dawkins gives, what do pigs sometimes do to the runt of the litter?
(a) Kick it away.
(b) Refuse to feed it.
(c) Allow the other piglets to attack it.
(d) Eat it.
5. What four categories does Dawkins have in his game theory analysis of male and female sexual and childrearing behaviors?
(a) Coy females, philandering females, demanding males, and unreliable males.
(b) Coy females, fast females, faithful males, and philandering males.
(c) Accepting females, rejecting females, cooperative males, and uncooperative males.
(d) Faithful females, faithless females, faithful males, and faithless males.
6. What reason does Dawkins give that females care more for offspring?
(a) A female is naturally nurturing.
(b) A female does not have the ability to reproduce again immediately.
(c) A female has a greater relatedness to the offspring.
(d) A female has already contributed more resources in terms of the egg.
7. What does Wynne-Edwards believe about territories that animals fight over?
(a) Individual territories are symbolic.
(b) Individual territories provide survival for the individual.
(c) Individual territories are illusions.
(d) Individual territories provide survival for the species.
8. What animals does the author mention as examples of animals that work hard to rescue or save others?
(a) Zebras and sharks.
(b) Lions and dolphins.
(c) Baboons and whales.
(d) Bears and squids.
9. What does Dawkins believe about the tension between survival of different generations?
(a) Children begin at a disadvantage, at the mercy of parents, and later begin to control the resources.
(b) A compromise evolves where different generations get reasonable amounts of resources.
(c) The parents are the primary benefactor because they control resources, and children only get the minimum of what they need.
(d) The children are always benefited, even at costs to older generations.
10. In the ant colonies studied by Trivers and Hare, what do the ants do with eggs stolen from other colonies?
(a) Use the ants as slaves.
(b) Eat the eggs.
(c) Use the ants as mates.
(d) Destroy the eggs.
11. What does Dawkins say removes humanity from the cruel and harsh laws of nature?
(b) Humans have developed genes for communication, which allows cooperation.
(c) Humans teach children ways to behave and learn better behaviors as adults.
(d) Humans create environments that protect them from natural laws.
12. In Dawkins' discussion, why don't baby birds continue to scream louder and louder?
(a) Because other chicks will throw a screaming chick out of the nest.
(b) Because screaming uses energy and attracts predators.
(c) Because screaming ultimately deafens the chick and its siblings.
(d) Because constant screaming leads parents to ignore chicks.
13. In Dawkins' game theory analysis of a colony of birds and ticks, what were grudger birds?
(a) Birds that can survive in symbiosis with ticks.
(b) Birds that refuse to take ticks off birds that won't help others.
(c) Birds that refuse to have ticks taken off of their heads.
(d) Birds that refuse to take ticks off other birds.
14. What does Wynne-Edwards suggest that animals do to communicate overpopulation?
(a) Gather together in a clear area where they are easily seen.
(b) Eat a communal meal in an area of limited food.
(c) Leave measurable tracks in a common area.
(d) Gather together and make a lot of noise.
15. What did Spanish researchers see a baby swallow do?
(a) Use leverage to throw a magpie egg out of its nest.
(b) Steal food from a magpie chick in the nest and give it to siblings.
(c) Alert parents to a magpie in the nest.
(d) Gather other chicks into a circle to surround and kill a magpie chick.
Short Answer Questions
1. In Dawkins' example, why might a child try to get extra food, to the detriment of brothers and sisters?
2. What does Wynne-Edwards teach?
3. According to the relatedness calculations in the book, how related is a person to him- or herself?
4. What attribute of male birds of paradise does Zahavi say is a kind of boast that even with a dangerous physical characteristic, the bird is strong enough to survive?
5. According to Dawkins, is there a genetic reason to favor one child over others?
This section contains 897 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)