|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Dawkins mean by a "selfish gene?"
(a) A portion of DNA, copied in mutliple organisms, that programs behavior in the individual for self-survival.
(b) A portion of DNA, copied in mutliple organisms, that "tries" to become the dominant gene by preventing other genes from replicating.
(c) A portion of DNA, copied in mutliple organisms, that modifies behaviors in the organisms that would tend otherwise to be altruistic.
(d) A portion of DNA, copied in multiple organisms, "trying" to survive in ways that will continue to copy and propigate the gene.
2. According to the relatedness calculations in the book, how much more closely related is a child to a sibling than a half-sibling?
(a) The child is four times as closely related to the sibling.
(b) The child is three times as closely related to the sibling.
(c) The child is one an a half times as closely related to the sibling.
(d) The child is twice as closely related to the sibling.
3. In Dawkins' discussion, why do baby birds scream?
(a) To show how hungry they are.
(b) To warn away aggressors.
(c) To attract love from the parent.
(d) To scold sibling birds.
4. In Dawkins' example, why might a child try to get extra food, to the detriment of brothers and sisters?
(a) The child is more related to itself than its siblings.
(b) The child is hungrier than its siblings.
(c) The child has special needs that it must communicate to its parents.
(d) The child has no concern for its siblings' survival.
5. What attribute of male birds of paradise does Zahavi say is a kind of boast that even with a dangerous physical characteristic, the bird is strong enough to survive?
(a) A bright, attractive pattern on its wings.
(b) A brightly colored, easily seen headdress.
(c) A long, dragging tail.
(d) A beautifully feathered but uselessly structured foot.
6. What ant behavior does Dawkins give as an example of seemingly altruistic behavior?
(a) Hanging from a ceiling as a living food pack.
(b) Running into a burning anthill to retrieve others' eggs.
(c) Throwing itself in front of predators.
(d) Bringing food back to other ants without eating.
7. What does AI stand for?
(a) Antecedent Integrity.
(b) Anomalous Involvement.
(c) Altruistic Investment.
(d) Authentic Intelligence.
8. What does the study of egg clutch sizes that Dawkins cites show?
(a) That there are only benefits to having a lot of eggs.
(b) That there are detriments and benefits to having a lot of eggs.
(c) That there are only detriments to having a lot of eggs.
(d) That having a lot of eggs is, in the end, exactly the same as having few eggs.
9. How does Dawkins postulate that animals judge relatedness?
(a) By statistics.
(b) By instinctual knowledge.
(c) By resemblance.
(d) By scent.
10. In Dawkins' discussion, what is the detriment of raising offspring, if there is something wrong with it?
(a) It reduces the parent's resources to protect itself.
(b) It does not pass on good genes.
(c) It will only have future offspring with the same problems.
(d) It takes more energy away from other offspring.
11. What does Dawkins speculate might be a reason a female animal could be tricked into raising a child that is not her own?
(a) The animal might make alliances for self-protection.
(b) The animal might misinterpret how related it is to the child.
(c) The animal might identify specific genes it has in common with the child.
(d) The animal might gain practice for future offspring.
12. What did Spanish researchers see a baby swallow do?
(a) Alert parents to a magpie in the nest.
(b) Use leverage to throw a magpie egg out of its nest.
(c) Steal food from a magpie chick in the nest and give it to siblings.
(d) Gather other chicks into a circle to surround and kill a magpie chick.
13. What does Dawkins believe about human population growth?
(a) That humans should probably limit their population growth.
(b) That human populations growth needs to increase.
(c) That humans have no means to limit populations growth.
(d) That human population growth is not a problem.
14. What happens to female mice as the population rises to unacceptable limits?
(a) Female mice become less fertile.
(b) Female mice ignore male mice's advances.
(c) Female mice destroy their young.
(d) Fewer female mice are born.
15. According to Dawkins, for whom does a bird regulate the number of eggs it lays?
(a) For the good of the species.
(b) For the good of its genetic offspring.
(c) For the good of itself.
(d) For the good of itself and its mate.
Short Answer Questions
1. What happens to baby birds if the parent does not find enough food for the group?
2. What does Dawkins say removes humanity from the cruel and harsh laws of nature?
3. To what does Wynne-Edwards attribute changes to female mice as the population rises?
4. In the behavior called stotting, where do Thompson gazelles jump?
5. According to the relatedness calculations in the book, how closely related is an individual to a cousin?
This section contains 892 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)