|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. According to Dawkins, is there a genetic reason to favor one child over others?
(a) Yes, but these genetic reasons are unusual.
(b) Yes, different children have different genetic relatedness to parents.
(c) No, there are no genetic or other reasons to favor one child.
(d) No, but there are circumstantial reasons.
2. From a gene's point of view, what does Dawkins say an organism is equally related to?
(a) A father and a son.
(b) A cousin and a grandparent.
(c) A baby brother and a baby son.
(d) A baby brother and a parent's sibling.
3. What does Dawkins believe about human population growth?
(a) That human populations growth needs to increase.
(b) That humans should probably limit their population growth.
(c) That human population growth is not a problem.
(d) That humans have no means to limit populations growth.
4. What does an animal do when it fails to claim a territory?
(a) It travels to another area.
(b) It shares a territory with other animals who failed to claim their own territory.
(c) It carves out a niche from a rival territory.
(d) It does not breed at that time.
5. How is male and female responsibility for offspring different in fish?
(a) Males and females both leave their fertilized eggs without investing resources in them.
(b) Females may lay eggs and abandon them, while males fertilize the eggs and are left to care for them.
(c) Females care for the eggs, and when they hatch, they leave the live offspring to the males.
(d) Males care for eggs, and then females take over when the offspring hatches.
6. What animals does the author mention as examples of animals that work hard to rescue or save others?
(a) Bears and squids.
(b) Lions and dolphins.
(c) Zebras and sharks.
(d) Baboons and whales.
7. In Dawkins' example, why might a child try to get extra food, to the detriment of brothers and sisters?
(a) The child has special needs that it must communicate to its parents.
(b) The child is hungrier than its siblings.
(c) The child is more related to itself than its siblings.
(d) The child has no concern for its siblings' survival.
8. To what does Dawkins attribute a male backing down from a powerful rival over territory?
(a) The desire not to over-compete with a rival's young.
(b) The abundance of other territories that might be claimed.
(c) Self-preservation to more likely breed in the future.
(d) The desire to preserve the species.
9. What shape is the location where guillemots lay their eggs?
(a) Rough and grassy.
10. According to the relatedness calculations in the book, how much more closely related is a child to a sibling than a half-sibling?
(a) The child is one an a half times as closely related to the sibling.
(b) The child is twice as closely related to the sibling.
(c) The child is three times as closely related to the sibling.
(d) The child is four times as closely related to the sibling.
11. To what does Dawkins attribute changes to female mice as the population rises?
(a) Random variation in individuals.
(b) Random variation within groups.
(c) Group selection.
(d) Natural selection of individuals.
12. In the behavior called stotting, where do Thompson gazelles jump?
(a) Over a natural obstacle.
(b) In front of a predator.
(c) In front of a rival.
(d) Into the center of the pack.
13. What does Dawkins believe about the tension between survival of different generations?
(a) A compromise evolves where different generations get reasonable amounts of resources.
(b) Children begin at a disadvantage, at the mercy of parents, and later begin to control the resources.
(c) The parents are the primary benefactor because they control resources, and children only get the minimum of what they need.
(d) The children are always benefited, even at costs to older generations.
14. What does Wynne-Edwards suggest that animals do to communicate overpopulation?
(a) Gather together and make a lot of noise.
(b) Eat a communal meal in an area of limited food.
(c) Leave measurable tracks in a common area.
(d) Gather together in a clear area where they are easily seen.
15. What is a recessive gene?
(a) A gene that has no effect until two gene fragments come together from two sources.
(b) A gene that has no effect until environmental triggers create an effect.
(c) A gene that has no effect except when two individuals with that gene are in close proximity.
(d) A gene that has no effect in alternate generations.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Dawkins speculate might be a reason a female animal could be tricked into raising a child that is not her own?
2. In the example Dawkins gives, why do some ants grow a plant?
3. What does Wynne-Edwards believe about territories that animals fight over?
4. What attribute of male birds of paradise does Zahavi say is a kind of boast that even with a dangerous physical characteristic, the bird is strong enough to survive?
5. What does Dawkins speculate that cuckoo chicks might do?
This section contains 934 words
(approx. 4 pages at 300 words per page)