|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What response does Dawkins give to the idea that birth control is wrong because it's unnatural?
(a) That birth regulation is a survival instinct.
(b) That human lifestyle is completely unnatural.
(c) That feeding the poor is also unnatural.
(d) That birth regulation is an evolutionary adaptation.
2. To what does Dawkins attribute a male backing down from a powerful rival over territory?
(a) The abundance of other territories that might be claimed.
(b) The desire not to over-compete with a rival's young.
(c) Self-preservation to more likely breed in the future.
(d) The desire to preserve the species.
3. What does Dawkins demonstrate using the net benefit score?
(a) That it is to an organism's genes' benefit to alert family members to poisonous food sources.
(b) That it is to an organism's genes' benefit to alert family members of a predator.
(c) That it is to an organism's genes' benefit to alert family members to natural hazards.
(d) That it is to an organism's genes' benefit to show relatives that food is available.
4. What is a recessive gene?
(a) A gene that has no effect until environmental triggers create an effect.
(b) A gene that has no effect except when two individuals with that gene are in close proximity.
(c) A gene that has no effect in alternate generations.
(d) A gene that has no effect until two gene fragments come together from two sources.
5. How common are genes that cause altruistic behaviors in nature?
(a) They are pretty common.
(b) They are nonexistent.
(c) They are extremely rare.
(d) They are vast majority of genes.
6. Do gulls recognize their own eggs and chicks?
(a) Gulls recognize neither their chicks nor their eggs.
(b) Gulls recognize their eggs but not their chicks.
(c) Gulls recognize their chicks and eggs.
(d) Gulls recognize their chicks but not their eggs.
7. According to Dawkins' description, what do insect colonies usually consist of?
(a) Small, interrelated groups of offspring descended from many mothers.
(b) A large number of offspring descended from the same mother.
(c) A communal group of offspring descended from many mothers.
(d) A large number of offspring descended from a small group of mothers.
8. According to the relatedness calculations in the book, how closely related is an individual to a cousin?
9. In Dawkins' game theory analysis of a colony of birds and ticks, what were grudger birds?
(a) Birds that refuse to take ticks off birds that won't help others.
(b) Birds that can survive in symbiosis with ticks.
(c) Birds that refuse to have ticks taken off of their heads.
(d) Birds that refuse to take ticks off other birds.
10. According to the relatedness calculations in the book, is a child more closely related to a sibling or an uncle?
(a) An uncle.
(b) It's impossible to compare.
(c) A sibling.
(d) The child is equally related to both.
11. Why might mates favor offspring over their mate, according to Dawkins?
(a) Mates in the animal world are not permanent and therefore inconsequential.
(b) Offspring need more resources for survival than a mate does.
(c) Mates share no DNA with each other, but they do share DNA with offspring.
(d) Offspring have more of a lifespan ahead of them than mates.
12. What happens to female mice as the population rises to unacceptable limits?
(a) Female mice become less fertile.
(b) Fewer female mice are born.
(c) Female mice ignore male mice's advances.
(d) Female mice destroy their young.
13. What shape is the location where guillemots lay their eggs?
(a) Rough and grassy.
14. To what does Dawkins attribute changes to female mice as the population rises?
(a) Random variation in individuals.
(b) Natural selection of individuals.
(c) Random variation within groups.
(d) Group selection.
15. In the natural world, which gender does Dawkins identify as more likely to select the other for breeding?
(a) Males tend to select females for breeding.
(b) Species tend to have both selective females and selective males, which are individuals that select another for breeding.
(c) Species are split about halfway on which gender selects the other for breeding.
(d) Females tend to select males for breeding.
Short Answer Questions
1. What attribute of male birds of paradise does Zahavi say is a kind of boast that even with a dangerous physical characteristic, the bird is strong enough to survive?
2. What does Wynne-Edwards say happens when other animals communicate to the species that there is overpopulation?
3. In sexual reproduction, what does the larger egg cell have that the smaller sperm cell does not?
4. From a gene's point of view, what does Dawkins say an organism is equally related to?
5. How is male and female responsibility for offspring different in fish?
This section contains 890 words
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