The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Matt Ridley
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What happens if a virus attacks a population of clones?
(a) The virus will kill only the weakest clones.
(b) The clone population will be wiped out.
(c) The clones attack one another in order to survive.
(d) The clone population will effectively kill the virus.

2. How do organisms compete during evolution?
(a) They kill their prey to ensure their survivors.
(b) They compete with each other to pass down more genes to the next generation.
(c) They try to kill one another so that they might live.
(d) They kill their prey and one another to be the last person standing.

3. What is the tangled bank theory?
(a) Different organisms in an environment saturated with similar organisms have a greater likelihood of survival.
(b) Sexual reproduction allows for a smaller number of very exceptional offspring.
(c) Sexual reproduction is the riskiest way for humans to reproduce.
(d) It is more advantageous for humans to asexually produce.

4. To women, attractiveness in a male signifies _____________.
(a) Good genes.
(b) The ability to support her and future children.
(c) Excessive amounts of sperm.
(d) Infidelity in the relationship.

5. Pre- Darwinian thinkers such as _____________ believed that evolution was a process of individual adaptations that were later passed down to ancestors.
(a) Charles Darwin.
(b) Richard Dawkins.
(c) Russel Wallace.
(d) Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.

6. The gender ratio is ___________ as an evolutionary pressure in humans.
(a) Weak.
(b) Strong.
(c) Undeniable.
(d) Harmful.

7. To explain sex, scientists need to find ________________.
(a) Why people are attracted to one another.
(b) The reason for asexual reproduction.
(c) A new way for humans to mate.
(d) A reason for an individual organism to prefer sexual over asexual reproduction.

8. How does evolution work?
(a) Without competition between organisms.
(b) Different adaptations of an individual which give a reproductive edge.
(c) Change is continuous.
(d) Very slowly, over thousands of years.

9. What is the primary purpose of sexual reproduction that is very beneficial for all offspring?
(a) Making many children.
(b) Speed of evolution.
(c) Meeting a soul mate.
(d) Slowness of evolution.

10. What is the bdelloid rotifer?
(a) A genetically engineered organism.
(b) A microscopic animal that can live in any kind of water.
(c) A type of animal that produces asexually.
(d) An organism that lacks certain genes.

11. What is the solution of the individually rational genes?
(a) Gender.
(b) Celibacy.
(c) Asexuality.
(d) Polygamy.

12. Males are interested in increasing the _________ of sexual partners whereas women are interested in increasing the ________ of sexual partners.
(a) Number, quality.
(b) Number, percentage.
(c) Quality, number.
(d) Percentage, number.

13. What kind of study does evolution become?
(a) Competition between friends.
(b) A slow process.
(c) Functions of bodies and organisims as gene vehicles.
(d) How organisms become better over generations.

14. Instead of scientists concentrating on why humans are the way they are, they should concentrate on _________.
(a) Why humans are the way they are.
(b) How they got to be the way they are.
(c) Where humans live.
(d) A way to study humans without them knowing.

15. What have scientists discovered about sexual reproduction versus asexual reproduction?
(a) Sexual reproduction is easier.
(b) Asexual reproduction allows an individual to spread its gene over a large population.
(c) Sexual reproduction allows an individual to spread its gene over a large population.
(d) Asexual reproduction is easier.

Short Answer Questions

1. What type of civilization do the New Guinea tribes have?

2. What genders are not always needed?

3. In the author's opinion, what is not the primary goal of an organism?

4. What is the main focus of the novel?

5. What is the chief competitor to the tangled bank theory and lottery theory?

(see the answer keys)

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