The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Matt Ridley
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What do genes seek through the actions of the bodies that contain them?
(a) To be upgraded.
(b) Change.
(c) Evolution.
(d) Replication.

2. Organisms that reproduce sexually will pass immunity or defenses down to whom?
(a) Their friends.
(b) Their descendants.
(c) No one.
(d) Their spouses.

3. To explain sex, scientists need to find ________________.
(a) The reason for asexual reproduction.
(b) A reason for an individual organism to prefer sexual over asexual reproduction.
(c) Why people are attracted to one another.
(d) A new way for humans to mate.

4. The gender ratio is ___________ as an evolutionary pressure in humans.
(a) Strong.
(b) Harmful.
(c) Weak.
(d) Undeniable.

5. How do organisms compete during evolution?
(a) They try to kill one another so that they might live.
(b) They compete with each other to pass down more genes to the next generation.
(c) They kill their prey and one another to be the last person standing.
(d) They kill their prey to ensure their survivors.

6. What did Zahavi, a scientist, theorize about reproduction mating?
(a) Female attractiveness signals the male's ability to survive.
(b) Male attractiveness signals the male's ability to survive.
(c) Male attractiveness hurts a male's ability to survive.
(d) Female attractiveness hurts a male's ability to survive.

7. What is sexual selection?
(a) Irrational mating between humans.
(b) Selection based on the strength of a mate.
(c) Random mating between humans.
(d) Selection based on the appeal of a potential mate.

8. Are individuals involved in evolution aware of the choices they are making?
(a) Always.
(b) Never.
(c) Ten per cent of the time.
(d) Fifty per cent of the time.

9. What is the lottery theory?
(a) It is more advantageous for humans to asexually reproduce.
(b) Sexual reproduction allows for a smaller number of very exceptional offspring.
(c) Organisms in densely populated areas survive better.
(d) Sexual reproduction is the riskiest way for humans to reproduce.

10. What does the story in Chapter 5 prove for the author?
(a) An example of sexual, rather than natural selection.
(b) Producing offspring is the goal of all mammals.
(c) How male support continues the species.
(d) Ideal mating conditions are rare.

11. According to the author and other research, who should have a better evolutionary outcome?
(a) Sexual Reproduction.
(b) Asexual reproduction.
(c) Same-sex Reproduction.
(d) Asexual and Sexual Reproduction.

12. To understand human nature, what must we understand?
(a) Differences in humans.
(b) The origin of attraction between humans.
(c) The origin of human nature.
(d) The origin of emotions.

13. Ever since _____________ in the late 19th century, scientists have understood that all life forms are a product of biological evolution.
(a) Richard Dawkins.
(b) Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
(c) Russel Wallace.
(d) Charles Darwin.

14. What can a psychiatrist expect to find in all people?
(a) Psychopathic behavior.
(b) Extreme emotions and rational behaviors.
(c) Similar emotions and behaviors.
(d) No similarities in emotions.

15. When is maleness a reproductive advantage?
(a) In monogamous relationships.
(b) In polygamous groups, such as monkeys.
(c) In homosexual relationships.
(d) All the time, no matter what the relationship.

Short Answer Questions

1. How do species outwit killer viruses?

2. What is the only way to understand why evolution is the way it is?

3. In an attempt to "outwit" these killers, organisms engage in _____________.

4. What is the tangled bank theory?

5. What accounts for far more deaths than other predators or environmental occurrences?

(see the answer keys)

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