Ancient China - This was originally a tribal society with small states that emerged and entered long periods of war, which strengthened political institutions of many smaller states.
India - This place was a tribal society that grew into small states that were often unified under an emperor, but had a strong religious tradition and developed a strong rule of law.
The Middle East - This place was united socially by religion and the empire emerged so both religious and political authorities were intertwined.
Europe - This place was different than others because religious authority developed alongside political authority, and both provided a social structure and the rule of law.
England - This place was unique because it developed a rule of law and a social structure before it developed into a state, and the author uses this country as an example of the first modern democracy...
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