|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. Gertrude's playmates at the boarding school were Judewin and _____________.
2. The Federal agents took away Indian children as young as ___________________.
3. What is a winyan?
4. What is a tiyospaye?
5. Why did Gertrude cry on the train?
Short Essay Questions
1. Why did Gertrude experience an identity crisis in her pre-teen years?
2. Why was peyote legalized and why did Zitkala-Sa resign as secretary and treasurer of the Society of American Indians?
3. Describe what daily life was like for the Indian children at the boarding school.
4. Explain the symbolism in the story of Prairie Flower and Cloud Elk.
5. Explain the cultural conflict Zitkala-Sa experienced no matter where she was?
6. Explain how the physical abuse of the Indian children was the beginning of Gertrude's rebellious nature and the beginning of her life as Zitkala-Sa.
7. What major success did Zitkala-Sa have for the Ute Indians several years after her death and what was her legacy to other Indian rights activists who would come after her?
8. Why did Zitkala-Sa write a report entitled "Oklahoma's Poor Rich Indians" and what effect did it have on changes being made for the Osage Indians?
9. Who was Carlos Montezuma and why did Zitkala-Sa not marry him?
10. What is peyote, and how did the Indians use it?
Essay Topic 1
Explain the impact that Zitkala-Sa's childhood had on her as an adult. What did it mean to be an Indian girl in late 19th century America? What stigmas did Zitkala-Sa live with for her entire life? How did Zitkala-Sa use her childhood experiences to create her life's work?
Essay Topic 2
Zitkala-Sa was no stranger to hurt and pain. From what you know of her life through this book, what were her biggest sorrows and worst betrayals? How did she manage through them? How did her coping skills evidence themselves in many aspects of her life? Explain.
Essay Topic 3
Explain how Zitkala-Sa was able to incorporate Indian culture into her white world and her white world into her Indian life. What did Zitkala-Sa crave from both worlds? Why was she always restless regardless of the world in which she was currently living?
This section contains 1,726 words
(approx. 6 pages at 300 words per page)