|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which famous church is raided and looted by Union troops in 1861?
(a) New Hope Church.
(b) Pohick church.
(c) Ambrose Chapel Church.
(d) St. Croix.
2. In Chapter 8, why is an elderly man charged with violating his oath of allegiance to the Union?
(a) For whistling "Dixie" in public.
(b) For writing to his son in the Confederate Army.
(c) For traveling to his son's funeral in Kentucky.
(d) For attending his daughter's wedding in Missouri.
3. Why does Francis Lieber recommend trials by military commission in 1864?
(a) Judicial control is power.
(b) Expediency is essential during war.
(c) Every citizen is a potential spy.
(d) Civil Justices may have political bias.
4. According to President Lincoln, why would many civilian detainees have been in prison even with the right of habeas corpus?
(a) The guilty are proven guilty.
(b) Friction and abrasion accompany war.
(c) Innocence is easily determined.
(d) Providence judges the unjust.
5. Which ship captures the Banshee in 1863?
(a) The CSS Alabama.
(b) The USS Fulton.
(c) The USS Monitor.
(d) The CSS Merrimac.
6. Why does the author have difficulty confirming civilian arrest records?
(a) Many records are still sealed.
(b) Some records are missing, damaged or mixed with POW data.
(c) The National Archive will not release military arrest records.
(d) Many civillian arrest records were destroyed after the war.
7. In the "White Flag Affair," how does Union General Christopher C. Augur convince three Confederates to release his captured Union soldiers?
(a) By holding their wives hostage.
(b) By holding their eldest sons hostage.
(c) By threatening to burn their farms.
(d) By holding their fathers hostage.
8. As a congressman in 1848, why doesn't Lincoln want to wait for a constitutional amendment?
(a) He fears Congress will not act in the best interests of the country.
(b) He believes Confederate spies are working within Congress.
(c) He prefers the use of presidential "express authority."
(d) He believes the amendment will be too weak.
9. Who is Joseph G. Knapp?
(a) The New Mexico Attorney General during the Civil War.
(b) The Secretary of War from 1884-1886.
(c) The New Mexico Associate Justice during the Civil War.
(d) The Attorney General from 1883-1886.
10. Which Union general has President Lincoln's blessing to arrest all the men he wishes and freeing those who are willing to take an oath of allegiance?
(a) William T. Sherman.
(b) John A. Dix.
(c) John A. Pope.
(d) Ulysses S. Grant.
11. Which 20th century historian depicts Lincoln as a merciful humanitarian caught in between preserving the Union and violating civil rights?
(a) James G. Randall.
(b) Dean Sprague.
(c) Frank Klement.
(d) James McPherson.
12. Why does Skipper F. N. Bonneau identify himself as a commissioned Confederate lieutenant?
(a) To spare his men.
(b) To ensure safe passage through the blockade.
(c) To be deported back to the South.
(d) To gain immunity as a POW.
13. How does General Grant propose to exchange civilian hostages?
(a) In a designated neutral town.
(b) By social class.
(c) By gender, then age.
(d) By age.
14. According to Colonel F. C. Ainsworth's study, how many civilian prisoners were detained during the Civil War?
15. How does the crew of the Banshee avoid arrest?
(a) They claim to be foreign citizens.
(b) They raise the Union flag.
(c) They have false papers.
(d) They hide in an inlet.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why are modern historians unable to replicate or confirm Colonel F. C. Ainsworth's study?
2. According to the New York Tribune, what percentage of military arrests are unjustified?
3. Who renders the final verdict in Ex parte Milligan?
4. Which state has the most military trials?
5. What is the Old Capitol prison?
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