|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. In Chapter 6, what are the primary reasons for most arrests of Northern citizens?
(a) Contraband trading, desertion, and draft dodging.
(b) Theft and looting.
(c) Freedom of speech and civil liberty issues.
(d) White collar crimes.
2. Why does Francis Lieber recommend trials by military commission in 1864?
(a) Expediency is essential during war.
(b) Every citizen is a potential spy.
(c) Judicial control is power.
(d) Civil Justices may have political bias.
3. Which General orders all blockade runners released in 1864?
(a) Edward Bates.
(b) John A. Dix.
(c) Ulysses S. Grant.
(d) William T. Sherman.
4. According to the laws of war, what happens to neutral crewmen when a neutral ship is confiscated?
(a) They are deported on the next available ship.
(b) They are allowed to pass with a military escort.
(c) They are arrested and considered prisioners of war.
(d) They may serve as legal witnesses, but are not POWs.
5. As a congressman in 1848, why doesn't Lincoln want to wait for a constitutional amendment?
(a) He believes Confederate spies are working within Congress.
(b) He fears Congress will not act in the best interests of the country.
(c) He prefers the use of presidential "express authority."
(d) He believes the amendment will be too weak.
6. Who authored "Elements of International Law and Laws of War"?
(a) Henry W. Halleck.
(b) Frank Klement.
(c) James McPherson.
(d) James G. Randall.
7. Which former President is almost arrested for being a Southern sympathizer during the Civil War?
(a) Zachary Taylor.
(b) Millard Fillmore.
(c) Franklin Pierce.
(d) James Buchanan.
8. Why are modern historians unable to replicate or confirm Colonel F. C. Ainsworth's study?
(a) His notes and journals have been lost.
(b) The National Archives will not release the records.
(c) The great fire of 1906 destroyed most of the records.
(d) His bureau has been abolished and surviving records are incomplete.
9. How does Kenneth A. Bernard attempt to defend Lincoln's character?
(a) Lincoln rectifies his mistakes.
(b) Lincoln is forced to make hard choices.
(c) Lincoln is protecting America from guerrilla warfare.
(d) The security of the nation is more valuable than civil liberty.
10. According to "The American Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1865," how many citizens are denied habeas corpus?
11. Who renders the final verdict in Ex parte Milligan?
(a) Edward Bates.
(b) The Supreme Court.
(c) The Union Military Commission.
(d) President Lincoln.
12. Why does Lincoln feel the need to censure John Fremont?
(a) Fremont is a Confederate spy.
(b) Lincoln believes Fremont is part of an assassination plot.
(c) Fremont is a Confederate supporter.
(d) Fremont's actions are political and outside his realm of power.
13. In 1862, which governor arrests 70 "vile secessionists" and essentially keeps these civilians as hostages?
(a) Francis Lieber.
(b) Joel H. Silbey.
(c) Andrew Johnson.
(d) James McPherson.
14. In Chapter 8, which person in America has the final say on all verdicts during the Civil War, particularly death sentences?
(a) President Lincoln.
(b) Edward Bates.
(c) Edwin M. Stanton.
(d) William H. Seward.
15. In reviewing the "U.S. Army Court Martial Cases" of 1863-65, why does Lincoln sometimes disagree with Holt?
(a) He likes to point out procedural technicalities.
(b) He is more strict and judgmental.
(c) They are of opposing political parties.
(d) He is more lenient and merciful.
Short Answer Questions
1. According to Lincoln, what act did President Jefferson commit without having the constitutional power to do so?
2. What book does James G. Randall write that criticizes Lincoln's habeas corpus policy?
3. According to "American Bastile", how many civilians are illegally detained during the Civil War?
4. How long are military courts allowed to try civilians?
5. How does General Grant propose to exchange civilian hostages?
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