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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What power was missing from the Articles?
(a) Executive power.
(b) The power to regulate foreign trade.
(c) The power to conduct war.
(d) The power to amend the Articles.
2. What did James Madison argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
(a) He argued that the legislature should appoint the executive.
(b) He argued that the legislature should elect the executive.
(c) He argued that the executive and the legislature should be kept separate.
(d) He argued that the Supreme Court should appoint the executive.
3. What were Americans and Britons discussing a great deal during the 1770s?
(a) Warfare against the French.
(b) Warfare against the Native Americans.
(c) The Massachusetts charter.
(d) Political thought and theory.
4. What did James Madison support?
(a) Strong state governments.
(b) A government of businesses.
(c) A system of checks and balances.
(d) A strong federal government.
5. What did Madison stress in his letter to George Washington?
(a) The need for restraints on popular sentiment.
(b) The need for representation by state and region.
(c) The need for representation by population.
(d) The need for high taxes to pay for federal army and government.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did delegates debate on June 6?
2. What compromise did this body propose, between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
3. What did Madison and Jefferson feel about Virginia?
4. Delegates were trying to strike a balance in their decision about electing representatives for the House between what?
5. What must the government use its power to protect the people from, in James Madison's opinion?
Short Essay Questions
1. What argument did "Cato" make concerning the separation of power?
2. What were some positions delegates took on the New Jersey Plan?
3. What was the Constitutional Convention's debate over the slave trade, and how was it resolved?
4. Describe Patrick Henry's first speech to the Virginia legislature.
5. Why did "Brutus" say that representation would not work under the legislative branch?
6. Where did the Federalist Papers come from?
7. What was John DeWitt's argument regarding the will of the people?
8. What was DeWitt's position on ratification?
9. What paradox does James Madison articulate about the need for a strong federal government?
10. What did Melancton Smith criticize in Senatorial terms?
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