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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the dominant fear about the executive?
(a) The power to regulate trade.
(b) The power to go to war.
(c) The power to appoint judges.
(d) The power to impose taxes.
2. How did the New Jersey Plan resolve the question of the relationship of state laws to federal laws?
(a) Congressional laws were still the law of the land.
(b) The Supreme Court would decide on a state-by-state basis which laws took precedence.
(c) It gave the states priority in matters of trade, but the federal government priority in military matters.
(d) State laws could still take precedence.
3. What must the government use its power to protect the people from, in James Madison's opinion?
(a) Big businesses.
(c) The government itself.
(d) Foreign influence.
4. What did the New Jersey Plan allow the federal government to do?
(a) Regulate slavery.
(b) Support a Supreme Court.
(c) Maintain a standing army.
(d) Tax intra-state commerce.
5. Delegates were trying to strike a balance in their decision about electing representatives for the House between what?
(a) Between ideals and practical applications.
(b) Between federal and state power.
(c) Between American and foreign power.
(d) Between East coast and southern power.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the Southern economy rely on at the time of the constitutional convention?
2. Which form of government includes a king whose powers are limited by a statement of the laws?
3. What did the delegates argue concerning the question of whether the judiciary should be associated with the executive?
4. What did the Virginia Plan propose to do to the Articles?
5. What position did "Publius" advocate?
Short Essay Questions
1. What positions did the delegates take on the election of the executive?
2. What was at issue as delegates debated the qualifications for suffrage?
3. Which delegates took positions on the term and election of the federal executive and what were their positions?
4. Who opposed the election of Senators by state legislatures, and why?
5. What did "Brutus" argue on the problem of representation in a large country?
6. What needs did Governor Edmund Randolph of Virginia believe the Virginia Plan would satisfy that the Articles did not?
7. Describe James Wilson's speech.
8. How was the New Jersey Plan an alternative to the Virginia Plan?
9. What were the views on either side of the question of electing representatives?
10. What particular example of separation of powers did delegates argue over?
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