|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The merchants.
(b) The poor.
(c) The people.
(d) The landowners.
2. How did the New Jersey Plan resolve the question of the relationship of state laws to federal laws?
(a) Congressional laws were still the law of the land.
(b) State laws could still take precedence.
(c) It gave the states priority in matters of trade, but the federal government priority in military matters.
(d) The Supreme Court would decide on a state-by-state basis which laws took precedence.
3. What was the Great Compromise?
(a) Appoint judges for life, but allow them to be impeached.
(b) A bicameral legislature.
(c) The creation of the Electoral College.
(d) Bring Texas into the union as a slave state, and Missouri as free.
4. How many branches of government did Mr. Madison propose be elected?
(a) He proposed that all government positions should be elected.
(c) At least one.
5. What was the dominant fear about the executive?
(a) The power to impose taxes.
(b) The power to appoint judges.
(c) The power to regulate trade.
(d) The power to go to war.
Short Answer Questions
1. What kind of representation did James Madison advocate?
2. What resolution was ultimately adopted?
3. What reason did Mr. Mason give for the view he presented at the convention?
4. What did James Madison support?
5. What was James Madison's feeling about the compromise?
Short Essay Questions
1. Who opposed the election of Senators by state legislatures, and why?
2. What role did Alexander Hamilton see for a strong federal government?
3. What was the benefit of the proposal to elect representatives in the state legislatures?
4. What were the views on either side of the question of electing representatives?
5. In what ways were delegates afraid of executive power?
6. Why was democracy unpopular?
7. What did delegates fear in the federal government's ability to veto state laws?
8. What needs did Governor Edmund Randolph of Virginia believe the Virginia Plan would satisfy that the Articles did not?
9. What were the forms of government being considered at the Constitutional Convention?
10. What particular example of separation of powers did delegates argue over?
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