|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did delegates argue that Senators should be elected in state legislatures?
(a) The states would therefore have an interest in preserving the federal government.
(b) The state legislatures would thereby gain power against the federal government.
(c) The House of Representatives would be counter-balanced.
(d) The government would be composed of professional politicians.
2. What did a legitimate government require, in James Madison's opinion?
(a) A strong military.
(b) Direct democracy.
(d) Freedom from debt.
3. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
(a) A Supreme Court.
(b) A standing army.
(c) An executive-for-life.
(d) Regulation of slavery.
4. What were the delegates' intentions when they argued for election of Senators from state legislatures?
(a) Creating a check against popular democracy.
(b) Improving upon the process by which the people were represented.
(c) Insulating the federal government from individuals in the states.
(d) Raising the Senate above popular opinion.
5. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The poor.
(b) The merchants.
(c) The landowners.
(d) The people.
Short Answer Questions
1. What would happen if government officers did not receive salaries, in the opinion of the man who proposed this?
2. What did Edmund Randolph present to the delegates?
3. How did the South want the Constitution to regulate trade?
4. What kind of political thought was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
5. What did Randolph argue at the convention?
Short Essay Questions
1. What was the benefit of the proposal to elect representatives in the state legislatures?
2. Who opposed the election of Senators by state legislatures, and why?
3. Why did James Madison argue against the New Jersey Plan?
4. What needs did Governor Edmund Randolph of Virginia believe the Virginia Plan would satisfy that the Articles did not?
5. How did Congress vote on the question of whether Congress should have the ability to veto state laws that violate national laws?
6. Describe George Mason's speech regarding the question of a single or plural executive.
7. Why was democracy unpopular?
8. What were the forms of government being considered at the Constitutional Convention?
9. Why did Benjamin Franklin believe that government officers should not receive salaries?
10. What was the Virginia Plan?
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