|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which committee recommendation did not make it into the Constitution?
(a) Four year terms for President and vice-President.
(b) Senate can amend budget bills.
(c) The Electoral College.
(d) The Senate should choose the President in case of a tie in the Electoral College.
2. What did "Publius" argue regarding the fear of a centralized government?
(a) He argued that large nations are less dangerous than quarrelling small states.
(b) He argued that checks and balances would lead to government paralysis.
(c) He argued that a centralized government would distribute the wealth more effectively.
(d) He argued that a central government would be more efficient than a number of state governments.
3. How extensive were the changes the delegates made to the first draft of the Constitution?
(a) The draft was almost entirely rewritten.
(b) Revisions separated the branches of government.
(c) Revisions gave the Congress veto power over presidential appointments.
(d) Not extensive at all.
4. What did "Brutus" say about the danger of trying to govern a large area?
(a) It would be expensive and inefficient.
(b) It would lead to wars.
(c) It would create tyranny.
(d) It would require too many bureaucrats.
5. What did Benjamin Franklin advocate in a speech?
(a) Sending the Constitution to the states for ratification.
(b) Signing the Constitution.
(c) Revising the Constitution one more time.
(d) Sending the Constitution back to committee.
6. What fear kept the delegates from approving the Constitution draft and going home?
(a) Fear that the federal government has too much power.
(b) Fear that slavery will divide the nation.
(c) Fear that the states are conspiring against the federal government.
(d) Fear that Britain will ally with Spain against America.
7. Who was DeWitt in reality?
(a) A Rhode Island Federalist.
(b) A Virginian Anti-Federalist.
(c) A New York Anti-Federalist.
(d) A Massachusetts Anti-Federalist.
8. What reason did Alexander Hamilton give for ratification of the Constitution?
(a) Good government needs to be deliberative.
(b) Good government cannot compete with subordinate governments.
(c) Good government needs to be energetic.
(d) Good government needs to be representative.
9. What position did "Federal Farmer" take concerning the Constitution?
(a) He thought it centralized power too much.
(b) He thought it left the states with too many contradictory obligations regarding the federal government.
(c) He was not sure it created the right government.
(d) He thought that it preserved too much power in the states.
10. What did Rhode Island propose to ban?
(a) Checks and balances.
(b) Restrictions on inter-state trade.
(c) Standing armies in peacetime.
(d) Political contributions from businesses.
11. What did Mr. Sherman advocate about executive veto power?
(a) He said that the executive should have absolute veto.
(b) He said that the executive should not have a veto.
(c) He said that the executive should have veto power over the legislature, but not the judiciary.
(d) He said that the executive veto power should be limited.
12. What is the current residency requirement for citizenship?
(a) 7 years residence.
(b) 4 years residence.
(c) American birth.
(d) 10 years residence.
13. What did James Wilson argue concerning the Constitution's provision for a standing army?
(a) He said that it was no different from under the Articles.
(b) He argued that without power to quarter troops, the army would not be a threat.
(c) He said that Congress would keep the army in line.
(d) He said that the executive would be closely reined in by the judiciary.
14. What method of ratification did Mason and Madison advocate?
(a) Ratification national referendum.
(b) Ratification by state legislature.
(c) Ratification by special conventions in each state.
(d) Ratification by straw poll.
15. How did Benjamin Franklin interpret the symbol on the President's chair?
(a) He saw it as a sun rising over the republic.
(b) He saw it as a predator subduing its enemies.
(c) He saw it as a tree withstanding the storms.
(d) He saw it as a symbol of commerce.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did "Federal Farmer" see as a danger in the Constitution?
2. What did the convention call for on July 26?
3. What did Massachusetts, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island propose during their ratification discussions?
4. What did "Centinel" argue on the danger of a centralized government?
5. What did Massachusetts propose in its ratification process?
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