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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What compromise did the Northeast states reach with Georgia and South Carolina over slavery?
(a) That northern states will not regulate slavery for fifty years, if southern states will abolish it themselves in that time.
(b) New England would not restrict slavery if the southern states will not require 2/3 majority to pass commercial restrictions.
(c) Northern states will regulate slavery if southern states will have lower tariffs on exported raw materials.
(d) That northern states will legalize slavery if southern states will prohibit importation of slaves.
2. What was Mr. Gerry's fear regarding the ratification of the Constitution?
(a) He feared that his constituents would not ratify the draft.
(b) He feared that Congress did not have enough power to check the executive.
(c) He feared that the states were not equally represented.
(d) He feared that Senators' terms are too long.
3. What did Rhode Island propose in its ratification process?
(a) To expand the government's ability to tax.
(b) To give the states the right to appoint politicians.
(c) To give the people freedom of speech.
(d) To give the people the right to bear arms.
4. How did Benjamin Franklin interpret the symbol on the President's chair?
(a) He saw it as a sun rising over the republic.
(b) He saw it as a tree withstanding the storms.
(c) He saw it as a predator subduing its enemies.
(d) He saw it as a symbol of commerce.
5. What did "Federal Farmer" complain about in his second letter?
(a) The government was allowed to do anything it felt necessary to govern.
(b) That there is no bill of rights.
(c) The government could impose too many taxes.
(d) The Supreme Court had too much power.
6. What did "Brutus" argue in his letters?
(a) That the Supreme Court had too much power.
(b) That the framers wanted to abolish the states.
(c) That the government will be weak on military defense.
(d) That the nation was too big for a central government.
7. What did "Publius" argue regarding the fear of a centralized government?
(a) He argued that large nations are less dangerous than quarrelling small states.
(b) He argued that a central government would be more efficient than a number of state governments.
(c) He argued that a centralized government would distribute the wealth more effectively.
(d) He argued that checks and balances would lead to government paralysis.
8. What did Gouverneur Morris advocate about executive veto power?
(a) He said that the executive veto itself should be able to be overridden.
(b) He said that the executive should not have a veto.
(c) He said that the executive should have absolute veto.
(d) He said that the executive should have veto power over the legislature, but not the judiciary.
9. What did opponents to the suffrage limitation argue?
(a) That it was not right to allow uneducated people to vote.
(b) That it was not fair to prevent so many people from participating in government.
(c) That universal suffrage would allow too many interests into politics.
(d) That the people could not be trusted to choose their leaders.
10. What did "Centinel" argue on the danger of a centralized government?
(a) Class mobility will decrease, as the central government raises taxes.
(b) The Constitution will threaten liberty.
(c) Taxation will be worse with a central tax collector.
(d) States will have to fend for themselves if they oppose the national government.
11. What powers did Mr. Mason argue the Congress should not have?
(a) The power to originate budget bills.
(b) The power to recall the executive.
(c) The power to alter the budget.
(d) The power to reject judicial nominations.
12. What did "Federal Farmer" argue regarding the separation of powers?
(a) That it would encourage lawsuits.
(b) That it would slow the government's response to events.
(c) That it would hide government corruption.
(d) That it was disconnected from the popular will.
13. What position did "Federal Farmer" take concerning the Constitution?
(a) He was not sure it created the right government.
(b) He thought that it preserved too much power in the states.
(c) He thought it left the states with too many contradictory obligations regarding the federal government.
(d) He thought it centralized power too much.
14. What was eliminated from the Constitution draft?
(a) Protections against taxes on slavery.
(b) Laws governing territories and provinces.
(c) Restriction on imports.
(d) Property qualifications for office.
15. What did the convention call for on July 26?
(a) A vote on ratification.
(b) A committee to resolve the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan.
(c) A committee to write a draft of the agreed-upon points.
(d) Proposals for executive term limits.
Short Answer Questions
1. What symbol did Benjamin Franklin remark on, on the President's chair?
2. What did Massachusetts propose in its ratification process?
3. What was Mr. Mason's fear regarding the House of Representatives?
4. What did Patrick Henry say was the end of government?
5. What does James Madison argue on the question of suffrage?
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