|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What compromise did the Northeast states reach with Georgia and South Carolina over slavery?
(a) New England would not restrict slavery if the southern states will not require 2/3 majority to pass commercial restrictions.
(b) That northern states will legalize slavery if southern states will prohibit importation of slaves.
(c) That northern states will not regulate slavery for fifty years, if southern states will abolish it themselves in that time.
(d) Northern states will regulate slavery if southern states will have lower tariffs on exported raw materials.
2. What powers did Mr. Mason argue the Congress should not have?
(a) The power to recall the executive.
(b) The power to reject judicial nominations.
(c) The power to alter the budget.
(d) The power to originate budget bills.
3. How did James Wilson address the absence of a Bill of Rights?
(a) He told his audience that it was unnecessary because certain rights were inalienable.
(b) He reminded his audience that the government only had the rights enumerated in the Constitution.
(c) He told his audience that a bill of rights would require some trial and error, and therefore time.
(d) He told his audience that there had not been enough time to write a bill of rights.
4. What did "Centinel" argue on the danger of checks and balances?
(a) He argued that checks and balances would make the government slow to respond to military threats.
(b) He argued that checks and balances would paralyze the government.
(c) He argued that checks and balances would obscure corruption and tyranny.
(d) He argued that checks and balances would create an endless torrent of inter-branch lawsuits.
5. What did Mr. Williamson advocate for the term length on the election or appointment of the executive?
(a) Four year terms for the executive, with a chance of reelection.
(b) Lifetime appointments for the executive.
(c) Seven year terms for the executive, with a chance of reelection
(d) Seven year terms for the executive, without reelection.
6. What was Mr. Gerry's fear regarding the ratification of the Constitution?
(a) He feared that his constituents would not ratify the draft.
(b) He feared that the states were not equally represented.
(c) He feared that Congress did not have enough power to check the executive.
(d) He feared that Senators' terms are too long.
7. What did the draft of the Constitution contain concerning slavery?
(a) The draft prevented a tax or prohibition on slavery.
(b) The draft outlawed the importation of slaves.
(c) The draft did not mention slavery explicitly.
(d) The draft outlawed the domestic slave trade.
8. What powers did Mr. Mason argue the federal judiciary should not have?
(a) The power to amend executive orders.
(b) The power to change state laws.
(c) The power to amend taxes.
(d) The power to oversee the executive.
9. What did "Brutus" say was the danger of a standing army?
(a) It consumed necessary resources.
(b) It turned countries toward tyranny.
(c) It did not answer to the legislature.
(d) It created loyalty only to itself.
10. What symbol did Benjamin Franklin remark on, on the President's chair?
(a) An ocean and a ship.
(b) A sun painted on the back.
(c) A pine tree.
(d) An eagle on the seat.
11. What did James Madison worry about concerning ratification in the states?
(a) The states might not act in the national interest.
(b) The states could hold the federal government hostage with no votes.
(c) The states could sink the ratification process.
(d) The federal government would be powerless without unanimous ratification.
12. What imbalance gave James Madison cause for worry about ratification in the states?
(a) The disparity between landowners and laborers.
(b) The disparity between national and state interests.
(c) The disparity between East Coast states and frontier territories.
(d) The disparity between Northern and Southern state interests.
13. Who was "Brutus"?
(a) Robert Yates, probably.
(b) A Massachusetts anti-Federalist.
(c) No one knows for sure.
(d) Melancton Smith.
14. What did Massachusetts propose in its ratification process?
(a) Restrictions on taxation power.
(b) Restrictions on the standing army.
(c) Restrictions on alcohol sales.
(d) Freedom of speech.
15. What threat did Mr. Pinckney make if Congress has power to restrict the slave trade?
(a) To secede.
(b) To filibuster.
(c) To march on Washington.
(d) To withhold ratification.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was eliminated from the Constitution draft?
2. How did Patrick Henry describe fear?
3. What position was James Wilson asked to take in the Constitutional debate?
4. What did "Federal Farmer" say the current Constitution would lead to?
5. What was Mr. Mason's fear about the Constitution as it was then drafted?
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