|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What powers did Mr. Mason argue the federal judiciary should not have?
(a) The power to amend taxes.
(b) The power to change state laws.
(c) The power to oversee the executive.
(d) The power to amend executive orders.
2. What did the convention call for on July 26?
(a) A committee to write a draft of the agreed-upon points.
(b) A vote on ratification.
(c) A committee to resolve the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan.
(d) Proposals for executive term limits.
3. What powers did Mr. Mason argue the Congress should not have?
(a) The power to reject judicial nominations.
(b) The power to originate budget bills.
(c) The power to alter the budget.
(d) The power to recall the executive.
4. What did the Pennsylvania dissenters recommend to the Constitutional Convention?
(a) A standing army that would still exist in peacetime.
(b) Trial by jury in all federal cases.
(c) Trial by jury in property conflicts.
(d) Limitations on the expansion of the United States.
5. What did opponents to the suffrage limitation argue?
(a) That the people could not be trusted to choose their leaders.
(b) That universal suffrage would allow too many interests into politics.
(c) That it was not fair to prevent so many people from participating in government.
(d) That it was not right to allow uneducated people to vote.
6. What was Mr. Mason's fear about the Constitution as it was then drafted?
(a) He objected to the three-fifths compromise.
(b) He feared that his constituents would not ratify the draft.
(c) He feared that Congress did not have enough power to check the executive.
(d) He wanted a bill of rights.
7. What position did "Federal Farmer" take concerning the Constitution?
(a) He thought that it preserved too much power in the states.
(b) He thought it left the states with too many contradictory obligations regarding the federal government.
(c) He was not sure it created the right government.
(d) He thought it centralized power too much.
8. What imbalance gave James Madison cause for worry about ratification in the states?
(a) The disparity between East Coast states and frontier territories.
(b) The disparity between national and state interests.
(c) The disparity between Northern and Southern state interests.
(d) The disparity between landowners and laborers.
9. What fear kept the delegates from approving the Constitution draft and going home?
(a) Fear that slavery will divide the nation.
(b) Fear that the federal government has too much power.
(c) Fear that Britain will ally with Spain against America.
(d) Fear that the states are conspiring against the federal government.
10. What was eliminated from the Constitution draft?
(a) Restriction on imports.
(b) Protections against taxes on slavery.
(c) Property qualifications for office.
(d) Laws governing territories and provinces.
11. What was DeWitt arguing against in his essays?
(a) An executive for life.
(b) Representation by state.
(d) Energetic central government.
12. What was James Wilson calling for in his speech to the Pennsylvania legislature?
(a) Ratification of the Constitution.
(b) Judiciary oversight of the executive.
(c) States rights.
(d) Revision of the Constitution.
13. What compromise did the Northeast states reach with Georgia and South Carolina over slavery?
(a) That northern states will legalize slavery if southern states will prohibit importation of slaves.
(b) That northern states will not regulate slavery for fifty years, if southern states will abolish it themselves in that time.
(c) New England would not restrict slavery if the southern states will not require 2/3 majority to pass commercial restrictions.
(d) Northern states will regulate slavery if southern states will have lower tariffs on exported raw materials.
14. What was the Pennsylvania dissenters' primary objection to the Constitution?
(a) The strength of the federal government.
(b) The lack of a bill of rights.
(c) The lack of restrictions on the government's ability to tax the people.
(d) A free government cannot govern so large and disparate an area.
15. What threat did Mr. Pinckney make if Congress has power to restrict the slave trade?
(a) To withhold ratification.
(b) To march on Washington.
(c) To secede.
(d) To filibuster.
Short Answer Questions
1. Which party did James Wilson belong to?
2. What reason did Alexander Hamilton give for ratification of the Constitution?
3. What did "Brutus" argue in his letters?
4. What did James Wilson argue concerning the question of taxation?
5. What did James Wilson argue concerning the Constitution's provision for a standing army?
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