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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How did the New Jersey Plan resolve the question of the relationship of state laws to federal laws?
(a) It gave the states priority in matters of trade, but the federal government priority in military matters.
(b) Congressional laws were still the law of the land.
(c) The Supreme Court would decide on a state-by-state basis which laws took precedence.
(d) State laws could still take precedence.
2. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
(a) That the states would lose tax income to the federal government.
(b) That the states would have to band together to oppose the government.
(c) That states would work by region to set their own laws and standards.
(d) That the states would be eradicated.
3. What was the dominant fear about the executive?
(a) The power to regulate trade.
(b) The power to impose taxes.
(c) The power to go to war.
(d) The power to appoint judges.
4. Which constituents did Dr. Johnson want to placate with the plan he advocated?
(b) The upper classes.
(c) Foreign diplomats.
(d) Small states.
5. What plan did James Madison favor?
(a) A state-centric plan.
(b) A federal plan.
(c) An isolationist plan.
(d) A diplomatic plan.
6. What did a legitimate government require, in James Madison's opinion?
(a) A strong military.
(b) Direct democracy.
(d) Freedom from debt.
7. What thoughts did Mr. Wilson express at the convention?
(a) Popular election will allow the people to mislead each other.
(b) Popular election will debase public discourse.
(c) Popular election will lead to a tyranny of the masses.
(d) Popular election will give people confidence in the government.
8. What did the Virginia Plan propose to do to the Articles?
(a) Discard them.
(b) Ratify them in Virginia.
(c) Extend their authority for another ten years.
(d) Fix their flaws.
9. What did Gouverneur Morris argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
(a) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Supreme Court.
(b) He argued that the executive should be elected by the people.
(c) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Senate.
(d) He argued that the executive should be elected by the Congress.
10. What were Americans and Britons discussing a great deal during the 1770s?
(a) Warfare against the French.
(b) Political thought and theory.
(c) The Massachusetts charter.
(d) Warfare against the Native Americans.
11. What did Alexander Hamilton want to protect the executive from?
(b) Foreign influence.
(d) Popular sentiment.
12. What kind of political thought was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) Conservative political thought.
(b) Radical political thought.
(c) Aristocratic political thought.
(d) Practical political thought.
13. What did William Paterson offer the convention?
(a) The New Jersey Plan.
(b) The Missouri Compromise.
(c) The Virginia Plan.
(d) The Great Compromise.
14. What was the benefit of adopting the resolution that was ultimately adopted?
(a) It allowed the federal government to be effective.
(b) It created a need for a lot of inter-state lawsuits.
(c) It weakened the Articles of Confederation and gave the states more power.
(d) It resolved decades of inter-state tension.
15. What did the New Jersey Plan allow the federal government to do?
(a) Support a Supreme Court.
(b) Regulate slavery.
(c) Tax intra-state commerce.
(d) Maintain a standing army.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where did Mr. Gerry think the country's current troubles came from?
2. What did James Madison argue during the argument over representation by person or by state?
3. What was Mr. Wilson's feeling about the compromise?
4. What was the objection to constitutional monarchy at the constitutional convention?
5. Why did delegates argue for a small senate?
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