|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did delegates argue that Senators should be elected in state legislatures?
(a) The House of Representatives would be counter-balanced.
(b) The states would therefore have an interest in preserving the federal government.
(c) The government would be composed of professional politicians.
(d) The state legislatures would thereby gain power against the federal government.
2. Why did delegates argue for a small senate?
(a) They thought it would give the large states fair representation.
(b) They thought it would make Senators more intimate and therefore more willing to compromise.
(c) They thought it would make for debate that is more dignified.
(d) They thought it would limit the influence of the executive.
3. What did Mr. Hamilton argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
(a) Senators should have short terms in order to remain subject to their constituents.
(b) Senators should appoint their successors.
(c) Senators should have long terms to stay above the fray.
(d) Senators should serve for life to create continuity in government.
4. Where did Mr. Gerry think the country's current troubles came from?
(a) Too little representation in government.
(b) Too much foreign influence.
(c) Too much democracy.
(d) Too little religion.
5. What happened to the motion not to give government officers salaries?
(a) It was killed in committee.
(b) It was tabled to be voted on later.
(c) It was rejected as too aristocratic.
(d) It was rejected as impractical.
6. What did delegates suggest would happen if state legislatures chose Representatives for the House?
(a) The people would revolt.
(b) The states would acquire too much power.
(c) State and federal powers would balance.
(d) The government would not be legitimate.
7. What opinion bolstered Mr. Sherman's view about where election should take place?
(a) He believed that small states needed equal representation.
(b) He believed that people could be trusted with self-governance.
(c) He believed that the populace could be misled.
(d) He believed in a strong democracy.
8. How did the New Jersey Plan resolve the question of the relationship of state laws to federal laws?
(a) The Supreme Court would decide on a state-by-state basis which laws took precedence.
(b) State laws could still take precedence.
(c) It gave the states priority in matters of trade, but the federal government priority in military matters.
(d) Congressional laws were still the law of the land.
9. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
(a) Closer to monarchy than democracy.
(b) Closer to republicanism than democracy.
(c) Closer to anarchy than democracy.
(d) Closer to democracy than republicanism.
10. What did the New Jersey Plan allow the federal government to do?
(a) Support a Supreme Court.
(b) Tax intra-state commerce.
(c) Maintain a standing army.
(d) Regulate slavery.
11. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
(a) The threat of mob rule.
(b) The threat of concentrated executive power.
(c) The danger of foreign influence.
(d) The problems with devising a scheme of representation.
12. What kind of political thought was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) Radical political thought.
(b) Practical political thought.
(c) Conservative political thought.
(d) Aristocratic political thought.
13. Where did James Madison argue government legitimacy came from?
(a) The political process itself.
(b) The righteousness of laws.
(c) The power of the government.
(d) Consent of the governed.
14. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
(a) That states would work by region to set their own laws and standards.
(b) That the states would be eradicated.
(c) That the states would have to band together to oppose the government.
(d) That the states would lose tax income to the federal government.
15. What reason did delegates give for Senators being elected in state legislatures?
(a) They would already know the laws.
(b) They would therefore be men of character.
(c) They would therefore be essentially promoted from within.
(d) They would have the contacts they needed within the state.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did James Madison recommend for the appointment of Supreme Court Justices?
2. What would happen if government officers did not receive salaries, in the opinion of the man who proposed this?
3. What did George Mason say he feared, in his argument on June 4?
4. What did Randolph argue at the convention?
5. What did James Madison argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
This section contains 847 words
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