|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did the New Jersey Plan allow the federal government to do?
(a) Tax intra-state commerce.
(b) Support a Supreme Court.
(c) Regulate slavery.
(d) Maintain a standing army.
2. What opinion bolstered Mr. Sherman's view about where election should take place?
(a) He believed that people could be trusted with self-governance.
(b) He believed that small states needed equal representation.
(c) He believed in a strong democracy.
(d) He believed that the populace could be misled.
3. What did all the delegates at the federal convention agree on?
(a) The importance of a strong central government.
(b) Government by consent.
(c) The rights of a king.
(d) Laissez-faire economic policy.
4. Which bodies were the delegates considering as electors of Representatives in the House?
(a) The people or state legislatures.
(b) Property owners or free men.
(c) State legislatures or the national senate.
(d) Special committees or state legislatures.
5. What did the delegates debate concerning state laws?
(a) Whether state laws could set precedent for federal laws.
(b) Whether the federal government could control state laws.
(c) Whether state laws could govern inter-state trade.
(d) Whether the states could allow the death penalty.
6. What kind of political thought was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) Radical political thought.
(b) Practical political thought.
(c) Conservative political thought.
(d) Aristocratic political thought.
7. What did the Southern economy rely on at the time of the constitutional convention?
(d) State-to-state trade.
8. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
(a) Regulation of slavery.
(b) A Supreme Court.
(c) An executive-for-life.
(d) A standing army.
9. Where should budget bills start, according to the compromise?
(a) In the executive.
(b) In the Supreme Court.
(c) In the House of Representatives.
(d) In the Senate.
10. What did Gouverneur Morris argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
(a) He argued that the executive should be elected by the Congress.
(b) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Supreme Court.
(c) He argued that the executive should be elected by the people.
(d) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Senate.
11. What was the Great Compromise?
(a) The creation of the Electoral College.
(b) A bicameral legislature.
(c) Bring Texas into the union as a slave state, and Missouri as free.
(d) Appoint judges for life, but allow them to be impeached.
12. Who proposed that government officers not receive salaries?
(a) George Washington.
(b) Benjamin Franklin.
(c) Alexander Hamilton.
(d) James Madison.
13. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The merchants.
(b) The poor.
(c) The landowners.
(d) The people.
14. How did the New Jersey Plan resolve the question of the relationship of state laws to federal laws?
(a) It gave the states priority in matters of trade, but the federal government priority in military matters.
(b) Congressional laws were still the law of the land.
(c) State laws could still take precedence.
(d) The Supreme Court would decide on a state-by-state basis which laws took precedence.
15. What was the benefit of adopting the resolution that was ultimately adopted?
(a) It created a need for a lot of inter-state lawsuits.
(b) It weakened the Articles of Confederation and gave the states more power.
(c) It allowed the federal government to be effective.
(d) It resolved decades of inter-state tension.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who was particularly concerned about the Virginia Plan?
2. What did delegates suggest would happen if state legislatures chose Representatives for the House?
3. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
4. What did James Madison argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
5. What did Madison and Jefferson want to do about judges?
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