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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who was particularly concerned about the Virginia Plan?
(a) Populous states.
(b) Small states.
(c) Large states.
(d) Southern states.
2. What did James Madison support?
(a) A government of businesses.
(b) A strong federal government.
(c) Strong state governments.
(d) A system of checks and balances.
3. What did Mr. Paterson argue about the New Jersey Plan?
(a) That it made the federal government too independent.
(b) That it did not give the executive too much power.
(c) That it diminished the power of the states.
(d) That it did not protect the states enough.
4. What did Madison and Jefferson feel about Virginia?
(a) That international trade would solve its budget problems.
(b) That the taxation rates were too low.
(c) That democracy restricted the leaders.
(d) That the executive was too weak.
5. What kind of rulers did James Madison believe the country needed?
(a) Wise, virtuous individuals.
(b) Old world aristocrats.
(c) Leaders with frontier experience.
(d) Innocent, smart individuals.
6. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
(a) The threat of concentrated executive power.
(b) The danger of foreign influence.
(c) The threat of mob rule.
(d) The problems with devising a scheme of representation.
7. What was Mr. Wilson's feeling about the compromise?
(a) He felt that elections were not accurate indications of the country's needs.
(b) He felt that appointed leaders were better suited for the work of governing.
(c) He felt that majority rule alone could legitimize government.
(d) He felt that popular participation would weaken government.
8. What theory was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) The theory of intelligent design.
(b) The theory of institutional design.
(c) The theory of free trade and open markets.
(d) The theory of evolution.
9. What reason did Mr. Mason give for the view he presented at the convention?
(a) Democracy was dangerous for a country without precedents.
(b) The people could not be trusted to govern themselves.
(c) The populace needed power but they also needed to be checked.
(d) Representation should be the one fully democratic part of government.
10. What plan did James Madison favor?
(a) A diplomatic plan.
(b) A federal plan.
(c) An isolationist plan.
(d) A state-centric plan.
11. What must the government use its power to protect the people from, in James Madison's opinion?
(a) Big businesses.
(b) Foreign influence.
(c) The government itself.
12. What did the Virginia Plan propose to do to the Articles?
(a) Fix their flaws.
(b) Discard them.
(c) Extend their authority for another ten years.
(d) Ratify them in Virginia.
13. Where should budget bills start, according to the compromise?
(a) In the Supreme Court.
(b) In the House of Representatives.
(c) In the Senate.
(d) In the executive.
14. What did George Mason say he feared, in his argument on June 4?
(a) That government will degenerate into mob rule.
(b) That government will degenerate into monarchy.
(c) That government will degenerate into a tool of businesses.
(d) That government will not have enough funding.
15. What did Alexander Hamilton want to protect the executive from?
(a) Foreign influence.
(d) Popular sentiment.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Randolph argue at the convention?
2. What were Americans and Britons discussing a great deal during the 1770s?
3. What did Madison stress in his letter to George Washington?
4. Alexander Hamilton gave a speech that expressed what value?
5. What were the delegates debating in Chapter 3?
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