|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where did Mr. Sherman say election should take place?
(a) Among sitting representatives.
(b) In the state legislatures.
(c) In the Electoral College.
(d) In the popular polls.
2. Which form of government includes a king whose powers are limited by a statement of the laws?
(b) Representative democracy.
(c) Constitutional monarchy.
3. What did Madison stress in his letter to George Washington?
(a) The need for representation by population.
(b) The need for high taxes to pay for federal army and government.
(c) The need for representation by state and region.
(d) The need for restraints on popular sentiment.
4. What theory was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) The theory of evolution.
(b) The theory of institutional design.
(c) The theory of free trade and open markets.
(d) The theory of intelligent design.
5. How did the South want the Constitution to regulate trade?
(a) The South wanted the Constitution not to regulate trade at all.
(b) The South wanted the Constitution to keep Congress from restricting trade.
(c) The South wanted the Constitution to keep tariffs low indefinitely.
(d) The South wanted the Constitution to let Congress set tariffs with a simple majority vote.
6. What did the delegates debate concerning state laws?
(a) Whether the states could allow the death penalty.
(b) Whether state laws could govern inter-state trade.
(c) Whether state laws could set precedent for federal laws.
(d) Whether the federal government could control state laws.
7. What complaints were lodged against the proposal to elect Senators in state legislatures?
(a) It would dissipate federal power among the states.
(b) It would give too much power to large states.
(c) It would create a plutocracy.
(d) It would over-represent the small states.
8. What did Mr. Hamilton argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
(a) Senators should appoint their successors.
(b) Senators should have long terms to stay above the fray.
(c) Senators should have short terms in order to remain subject to their constituents.
(d) Senators should serve for life to create continuity in government.
9. What deliberative body created a compromise between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
(a) A grand committee.
(b) The Senate.
(c) The Congress.
(d) The Supreme Court.
10. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
(a) An executive-for-life.
(b) Regulation of slavery.
(c) A Supreme Court.
(d) A standing army.
11. What kind of representation did James Madison advocate?
(a) Representation by revenue.
(b) Representation by person.
(c) Representation by state.
(d) Representation by state size.
12. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
(a) That the states would be eradicated.
(b) That the states would lose tax income to the federal government.
(c) That the states would have to band together to oppose the government.
(d) That states would work by region to set their own laws and standards.
13. Why did delegates argue for a small senate?
(a) They thought it would make Senators more intimate and therefore more willing to compromise.
(b) They thought it would make for debate that is more dignified.
(c) They thought it would give the large states fair representation.
(d) They thought it would limit the influence of the executive.
14. Alexander Hamilton gave a speech that expressed what value?
(a) The value of independent states.
(b) The value of abolishing slavery.
(c) The value of low tariffs.
(d) The value of a strong federal government.
15. Where did James Madison argue government legitimacy came from?
(a) The power of the government.
(b) Consent of the governed.
(c) The political process itself.
(d) The righteousness of laws.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did delegates oppose in the Virginia Plan?
2. What reason did delegates give for Senators being elected in state legislatures?
3. What was the benefit of adopting the resolution that was ultimately adopted?
4. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
5. What did delegates debate on June 6?
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