|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Alexander Hamilton want to protect the executive from?
(a) Popular sentiment.
(d) Foreign influence.
2. What did Mr. Mason propose in his arguments of June 4?
(a) That there be two executives, like Roman consuls.
(b) That there be an executive for each region.
(c) That the executive be appointed by Congress.
(d) That the executive be chosen in popular elections.
3. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
(a) That the states would have to band together to oppose the government.
(b) That states would work by region to set their own laws and standards.
(c) That the states would be eradicated.
(d) That the states would lose tax income to the federal government.
4. What did Madison say the country needed, in his letter to George Washington?
(a) A dispassionate umpire.
(b) A central coordinating committee.
(c) Short presidential terms.
(d) A charismatic leader.
5. Where did Mr. Gerry think the country's current troubles came from?
(a) Too much foreign influence.
(b) Too little religion.
(c) Too much democracy.
(d) Too little representation in government.
6. What were Americans concluding by the 1780s?
(a) That representation could have been earned without warfare.
(b) That the federal executive was too weak.
(c) That there was too much power in the federal government.
(d) That mercantile colonialism had been a working model before the revolution.
7. What did Randolph argue at the convention?
(a) That the government needs to be strong to serve its purposes.
(b) That the states should be trusted with managing their own affairs.
(c) That the Articles of Confederation were sufficient.
(d) That the Constitution would need to stress diplomacy with foreign nations.
8. Why did delegates argue for a judicial veto power?
(a) To prevent corruption.
(b) To correct bad laws.
(c) To protect small states.
(d) To prevent bad executive judgment.
9. Who proposed that government officers not receive salaries?
(a) George Washington.
(b) James Madison.
(c) Benjamin Franklin.
(d) Alexander Hamilton.
10. Where should budget bills start, according to the compromise?
(a) In the executive.
(b) In the Senate.
(c) In the Supreme Court.
(d) In the House of Representatives.
11. What kind of political thought was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) Aristocratic political thought.
(b) Radical political thought.
(c) Conservative political thought.
(d) Practical political thought.
12. What did James Madison support?
(a) Strong state governments.
(b) A government of businesses.
(c) A strong federal government.
(d) A system of checks and balances.
13. How did the New Jersey Plan resolve the question of the relationship of state laws to federal laws?
(a) The Supreme Court would decide on a state-by-state basis which laws took precedence.
(b) Congressional laws were still the law of the land.
(c) State laws could still take precedence.
(d) It gave the states priority in matters of trade, but the federal government priority in military matters.
14. What did the Virginia Plan propose to do to the Articles?
(a) Extend their authority for another ten years.
(b) Discard them.
(c) Ratify them in Virginia.
(d) Fix their flaws.
15. What must the government use its power to protect the people from, in James Madison's opinion?
(b) The government itself.
(c) Big businesses.
(d) Foreign influence.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Mr. Hamilton argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
2. What was the benefit of adopting the resolution that was ultimately adopted?
3. What did Madison argue for in his letter to George Washington?
4. Why did delegates argue for a small senate?
5. What did Gouverneur Morris argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
This section contains 738 words
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