|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
(a) The threat of mob rule.
(b) The problems with devising a scheme of representation.
(c) The danger of foreign influence.
(d) The threat of concentrated executive power.
2. What did Madison and Jefferson want to do about judges?
(a) Subject them to elections.
(b) Allow them independence in their rulings.
(c) Protect them from popular politics.
(d) Review their judgments in the Congress.
3. What did George Mason say he feared, in his argument on June 4?
(a) That government will degenerate into monarchy.
(b) That government will degenerate into a tool of businesses.
(c) That government will not have enough funding.
(d) That government will degenerate into mob rule.
4. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
(a) Closer to monarchy than democracy.
(b) Closer to democracy than republicanism.
(c) Closer to anarchy than democracy.
(d) Closer to republicanism than democracy.
5. What did Gouverneur Morris argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
(a) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Senate.
(b) He argued that the executive should be elected by the people.
(c) He argued that the executive should be elected by the Congress.
(d) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Supreme Court.
6. Who proposed that government officers not receive salaries?
(a) Alexander Hamilton.
(b) Benjamin Franklin.
(c) George Washington.
(d) James Madison.
7. Where did James Madison argue government legitimacy came from?
(a) Consent of the governed.
(b) The political process itself.
(c) The righteousness of laws.
(d) The power of the government.
8. Which form of government includes direct voting by the people?
(a) Representative democracy.
(b) Constitutional monarchy.
9. What did delegates suggest would happen if state legislatures chose Representatives for the House?
(a) The states would acquire too much power.
(b) The people would revolt.
(c) The government would not be legitimate.
(d) State and federal powers would balance.
10. Why did delegates argue that Senators should be elected in state legislatures?
(a) The state legislatures would thereby gain power against the federal government.
(b) The states would therefore have an interest in preserving the federal government.
(c) The government would be composed of professional politicians.
(d) The House of Representatives would be counter-balanced.
11. How would government service be seen if government officers did not receive salaries, in the opinion of the man who proposed this?
(a) As a stepping stone.
(b) As a duty.
(c) As an entitlement.
(d) As a privilege.
12. What did Madison and Jefferson feel about Virginia?
(a) That international trade would solve its budget problems.
(b) That the taxation rates were too low.
(c) That democracy restricted the leaders.
(d) That the executive was too weak.
13. What did Madison argue for in his letter to George Washington?
(a) Independence of states to make laws.
(b) Restraints against a supreme national legislature.
(c) The supremacy of national laws over states' laws.
(d) Independence of states to coin money.
14. Where did Mr. Sherman say election should take place?
(a) In the popular polls.
(b) In the state legislatures.
(c) In the Electoral College.
(d) Among sitting representatives.
15. What resolution was ultimately adopted?
(a) To give federal laws supremacy over state laws.
(b) To give state laws independence from the federal legislature.
(c) To prevent the federal government from overriding state laws.
(d) To allow the Supreme Court to decide which laws were supreme.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did James Madison support?
2. What were Americans and Britons discussing a great deal during the 1770s?
3. What did Mr. Mason propose in his arguments of June 4?
4. What did Mr. Paterson argue about the New Jersey Plan?
5. Who was particularly concerned about the Virginia Plan?
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