|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What must the government use its power to protect the people from, in James Madison's opinion?
(a) The government itself.
(b) Foreign influence.
(d) Big businesses.
2. What did Alexander Hamilton want to protect the executive from?
(b) Popular sentiment.
(d) Foreign influence.
3. Which form of government includes a representative government without hereditary privilege?
(a) Representative democracy.
(c) Constitutional monarchy.
4. What was the dominant fear about the executive?
(a) The power to impose taxes.
(b) The power to regulate trade.
(c) The power to go to war.
(d) The power to appoint judges.
5. What reason did delegates give for Senators being elected in state legislatures?
(a) They would therefore be men of character.
(b) They would therefore be essentially promoted from within.
(c) They would already know the laws.
(d) They would have the contacts they needed within the state.
6. Alexander Hamilton gave a speech that expressed what value?
(a) The value of independent states.
(b) The value of a strong federal government.
(c) The value of low tariffs.
(d) The value of abolishing slavery.
7. What did delegates oppose in the Virginia Plan?
(a) Increasing the federal government's power.
(b) Giving populous states too much influence.
(c) Giving the states too much independence.
(d) Isolating America in the international community.
8. What was James Madison's feeling about the compromise?
(a) He felt that the convention was striking the right balance.
(b) He felt that the convention was sacrificing justice for the small states.
(c) He felt that the convention was sacrificing federalism to distributed power.
(d) He felt that the convention was sacrificing large states to small states.
9. What did Madison argue for in his letter to George Washington?
(a) Independence of states to make laws.
(b) Restraints against a supreme national legislature.
(c) Independence of states to coin money.
(d) The supremacy of national laws over states' laws.
10. What would happen if government officers did not receive salaries, in the opinion of the man who proposed this?
(a) The government would consist solely of landed gentry.
(b) Men who needed money would be liable to be influenced by special interests.
(c) Legislators would have to have wealthy patrons.
(d) Men who lusted for power and money would not run for office.
11. What were the delegates debating in Chapter 3?
(a) The appointment of judges.
(b) The election of the House of Representatives.
(c) The election of the President.
(d) The election of Senators.
12. What kind of political thought was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) Aristocratic political thought.
(b) Conservative political thought.
(c) Practical political thought.
(d) Radical political thought.
13. What happened to the motion not to give government officers salaries?
(a) It was killed in committee.
(b) It was tabled to be voted on later.
(c) It was rejected as impractical.
(d) It was rejected as too aristocratic.
14. What did the New Jersey Plan allow the federal government to do?
(a) Support a Supreme Court.
(b) Regulate slavery.
(c) Tax intra-state commerce.
(d) Maintain a standing army.
15. Where should budget bills start, according to the compromise?
(a) In the executive.
(b) In the Supreme Court.
(c) In the House of Representatives.
(d) In the Senate.
Short Answer Questions
1. Why did delegates argue for a small senate?
2. What did delegates debate on June 6?
3. What did James Madison argue with relation to the New Jersey Plan?
4. What theory was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
5. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
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