|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did the New Jersey Plan allow the federal government to do?
(a) Maintain a standing army.
(b) Regulate slavery.
(c) Tax intra-state commerce.
(d) Support a Supreme Court.
2. What position did "Publius" advocate?
(a) Proposing an alternative to the Constitution.
(b) Defending the new Constitution.
(c) Arguing against ratification of the Constitution.
(d) Attacking the new Constitution.
3. Where did James Madison argue government legitimacy came from?
(a) The political process itself.
(b) The righteousness of laws.
(c) Consent of the governed.
(d) The power of the government.
4. What did Madison argue for in his letter to George Washington?
(a) Restraints against a supreme national legislature.
(b) Independence of states to make laws.
(c) The supremacy of national laws over states' laws.
(d) Independence of states to coin money.
5. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
(a) A Supreme Court.
(b) Regulation of slavery.
(c) A standing army.
(d) An executive-for-life.
6. How many branches of government did Mr. Madison propose be elected?
(b) At least one.
(d) He proposed that all government positions should be elected.
7. What did Madison say the country needed, in his letter to George Washington?
(a) A central coordinating committee.
(b) A dispassionate umpire.
(c) Short presidential terms.
(d) A charismatic leader.
8. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The people.
(b) The poor.
(c) The merchants.
(d) The landowners.
9. What resolution was ultimately adopted?
(a) To allow the Supreme Court to decide which laws were supreme.
(b) To prevent the federal government from overriding state laws.
(c) To give federal laws supremacy over state laws.
(d) To give state laws independence from the federal legislature.
10. What did George Mason argue in the debate of June 4?
(a) He argued for a unified executive.
(b) He argued for an appointed executive.
(c) He argued for an elected executive.
(d) He argued against a unified executive.
11. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
(a) That the states would have to band together to oppose the government.
(b) That the states would be eradicated.
(c) That the states would lose tax income to the federal government.
(d) That states would work by region to set their own laws and standards.
12. Alexander Hamilton gave a speech that expressed what value?
(a) The value of low tariffs.
(b) The value of a strong federal government.
(c) The value of abolishing slavery.
(d) The value of independent states.
13. Why did many delegates support one resolution to this question?
(a) To cater to the states' needs.
(b) To limit the independence of the federal government.
(c) To avoid dissension.
(d) To reduce the federal government's power.
14. Which constituents did Dr. Johnson want to placate with the plan he advocated?
(a) Foreign diplomats.
(b) The upper classes.
(c) Small states.
15. Why did delegates argue that Senators should be elected in state legislatures?
(a) The states would therefore have an interest in preserving the federal government.
(b) The government would be composed of professional politicians.
(c) The House of Representatives would be counter-balanced.
(d) The state legislatures would thereby gain power against the federal government.
Short Answer Questions
1. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
2. What did Mr. Mason support at the convention?
3. What did Mr. Mason propose in his arguments of June 4?
4. Delegates were trying to strike a balance in their decision about electing representatives for the House between what?
5. What did Alexander Hamilton want to protect the executive from?
This section contains 627 words
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