|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which form of government includes direct voting by the people?
(a) Representative democracy.
(d) Constitutional monarchy.
2. Alexander Hamilton gave a speech that expressed what value?
(a) The value of a strong federal government.
(b) The value of independent states.
(c) The value of low tariffs.
(d) The value of abolishing slavery.
3. What reason did Mr. Mason give for the view he presented at the convention?
(a) The populace needed power but they also needed to be checked.
(b) The people could not be trusted to govern themselves.
(c) Representation should be the one fully democratic part of government.
(d) Democracy was dangerous for a country without precedents.
4. What happened to the motion not to give government officers salaries?
(a) It was rejected as too aristocratic.
(b) It was tabled to be voted on later.
(c) It was killed in committee.
(d) It was rejected as impractical.
5. What reason did delegates give for Senators being elected in state legislatures?
(a) They would already know the laws.
(b) They would therefore be men of character.
(c) They would therefore be essentially promoted from within.
(d) They would have the contacts they needed within the state.
6. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
(a) A standing army.
(b) An executive-for-life.
(c) A Supreme Court.
(d) Regulation of slavery.
7. What were opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted afraid of?
(a) That trade would be stifled.
(b) That the federal government would become too powerful.
(c) That the states would gain too much independence.
(d) That foreign countries would be able to divide and conquer.
8. What must the government use its power to protect the people from, in James Madison's opinion?
(a) Big businesses.
(c) The government itself.
(d) Foreign influence.
9. What deliberative body created a compromise between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
(a) The Senate.
(b) The Congress.
(c) The Supreme Court.
(d) A grand committee.
10. What plan did James Madison favor?
(a) An isolationist plan.
(b) A state-centric plan.
(c) A diplomatic plan.
(d) A federal plan.
11. What complaints were lodged against the proposal to elect Senators in state legislatures?
(a) It would dissipate federal power among the states.
(b) It would over-represent the small states.
(c) It would create a plutocracy.
(d) It would give too much power to large states.
12. Where did Mr. Sherman say election should take place?
(a) Among sitting representatives.
(b) In the Electoral College.
(c) In the state legislatures.
(d) In the popular polls.
13. What did George Mason say he feared, in his argument on June 4?
(a) That government will not have enough funding.
(b) That government will degenerate into monarchy.
(c) That government will degenerate into mob rule.
(d) That government will degenerate into a tool of businesses.
14. What kind of representation did James Madison advocate?
(a) Representation by state.
(b) Representation by person.
(c) Representation by revenue.
(d) Representation by state size.
15. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The poor.
(b) The landowners.
(c) The merchants.
(d) The people.
Short Answer Questions
1. How much of the Virginia Plan was accepted?
2. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
3. What did Gouverneur Morris argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
4. What was Mr. Wilson's feeling about the compromise?
5. What did George Mason argue in the debate of June 4?
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