|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was cut out when the Constitutional Convention doted down part of the Virginia Plan?
(a) Congress's ability to impose state taxes.
(b) Congress's ability to regulate interstate trade.
(c) Congress's ability to vote down state laws.
(d) Congress's ability to declare war.
2. What was the benefit of adopting the resolution that was ultimately adopted?
(a) It allowed the federal government to be effective.
(b) It weakened the Articles of Confederation and gave the states more power.
(c) It created a need for a lot of inter-state lawsuits.
(d) It resolved decades of inter-state tension.
3. What were opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted afraid of?
(a) That trade would be stifled.
(b) That foreign countries would be able to divide and conquer.
(c) That the states would gain too much independence.
(d) That the federal government would become too powerful.
4. What did Madison stress in his letter to George Washington?
(a) The need for restraints on popular sentiment.
(b) The need for high taxes to pay for federal army and government.
(c) The need for representation by state and region.
(d) The need for representation by population.
5. What did Madison and Jefferson want to do about judges?
(a) Allow them independence in their rulings.
(b) Review their judgments in the Congress.
(c) Subject them to elections.
(d) Protect them from popular politics.
6. What happened to the motion not to give government officers salaries?
(a) It was tabled to be voted on later.
(b) It was rejected as too aristocratic.
(c) It was rejected as impractical.
(d) It was killed in committee.
7. What reason did Mr. Mason give for the view he presented at the convention?
(a) Representation should be the one fully democratic part of government.
(b) Democracy was dangerous for a country without precedents.
(c) The populace needed power but they also needed to be checked.
(d) The people could not be trusted to govern themselves.
8. Which constituents did Dr. Johnson want to placate with the plan he advocated?
(a) Foreign diplomats.
(b) Small states.
(c) The upper classes.
9. How did the South want the Constitution to regulate trade?
(a) The South wanted the Constitution to keep Congress from restricting trade.
(b) The South wanted the Constitution to keep tariffs low indefinitely.
(c) The South wanted the Constitution not to regulate trade at all.
(d) The South wanted the Constitution to let Congress set tariffs with a simple majority vote.
10. What did all the delegates at the federal convention agree on?
(a) The importance of a strong central government.
(b) The rights of a king.
(c) Laissez-faire economic policy.
(d) Government by consent.
11. Who was particularly concerned about the Virginia Plan?
(a) Small states.
(b) Populous states.
(c) Southern states.
(d) Large states.
12. What complaints were lodged against the proposal to elect Senators in state legislatures?
(a) It would dissipate federal power among the states.
(b) It would over-represent the small states.
(c) It would give too much power to large states.
(d) It would create a plutocracy.
13. What subject were the delegates debating in Chapter 6?
(a) Whether the federal government should oversee state laws.
(b) Who should be eligible to vote in elections.
(c) Whether the executive should be singular or plural.
(d) Whether government officers should receive pay.
14. How would government service be seen if government officers did not receive salaries, in the opinion of the man who proposed this?
(a) As a privilege.
(b) As a duty.
(c) As a stepping stone.
(d) As an entitlement.
15. What was the dominant fear about the executive?
(a) The power to appoint judges.
(b) The power to regulate trade.
(c) The power to go to war.
(d) The power to impose taxes.
Short Answer Questions
1. What were the delegates debating in Chapter 3?
2. What did the delegates argue concerning the question of whether the judiciary should be able to veto legislation?
3. What did a legitimate government require, in James Madison's opinion?
4. What was the objection to constitutional monarchy at the constitutional convention?
5. What was the Great Compromise?
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