|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why did delegates argue for a small senate?
(a) They thought it would give the large states fair representation.
(b) They thought it would make for debate that is more dignified.
(c) They thought it would limit the influence of the executive.
(d) They thought it would make Senators more intimate and therefore more willing to compromise.
2. Who proposed that government officers not receive salaries?
(a) Benjamin Franklin.
(b) Alexander Hamilton.
(c) James Madison.
(d) George Washington.
3. What opinion bolstered Mr. Sherman's view about where election should take place?
(a) He believed in a strong democracy.
(b) He believed that small states needed equal representation.
(c) He believed that people could be trusted with self-governance.
(d) He believed that the populace could be misled.
4. What compromise did this body propose, between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
(a) State representation in the upper house, and representation by person in the lower house.
(b) The government would maintain a standing army, but not a big one.
(c) Supreme Court Judges would be appointed by the executive, but the Congress could override the appointment.
(d) Missouri entered the union as a free state, and Texas as a slave state.
5. What deliberative body created a compromise between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
(a) A grand committee.
(b) The Congress.
(c) The Supreme Court.
(d) The Senate.
6. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
(a) The problems with devising a scheme of representation.
(b) The danger of foreign influence.
(c) The threat of mob rule.
(d) The threat of concentrated executive power.
7. What did the delegates argue concerning the question of whether the judiciary should be able to veto legislation?
(a) That the judiciary would thereby acquire legislative power.
(b) That the judiciary would become the most powerful branch of government.
(c) That the executive would thereby attain control over the legislature through the judiciary.
(d) That the executive would be rendered powerless.
8. What did Randolph argue at the convention?
(a) That the government needs to be strong to serve its purposes.
(b) That the Constitution would need to stress diplomacy with foreign nations.
(c) That the Articles of Confederation were sufficient.
(d) That the states should be trusted with managing their own affairs.
9. Where did Mr. Sherman say election should take place?
(a) In the popular polls.
(b) In the Electoral College.
(c) In the state legislatures.
(d) Among sitting representatives.
10. Which form of government includes a representative government without hereditary privilege?
(a) Representative democracy.
(b) Constitutional monarchy.
11. What position did "Publius" advocate?
(a) Attacking the new Constitution.
(b) Proposing an alternative to the Constitution.
(c) Defending the new Constitution.
(d) Arguing against ratification of the Constitution.
12. What did all the delegates at the federal convention agree on?
(a) The rights of a king.
(b) The importance of a strong central government.
(c) Government by consent.
(d) Laissez-faire economic policy.
13. What did delegates debate on June 6?
(a) How to declare war.
(b) How to appoint judges.
(c) How to limit the executive's power.
(d) How to elect members of the House.
14. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The landowners.
(b) The people.
(c) The poor.
(d) The merchants.
15. Delegates were trying to strike a balance in their decision about electing representatives for the House between what?
(a) Between East coast and southern power.
(b) Between ideals and practical applications.
(c) Between federal and state power.
(d) Between American and foreign power.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Dr. Johnson advocate during the debate over federal power?
2. What happened to the motion not to give government officers salaries?
3. What did George Mason argue in the debate of June 4?
4. Which constituents did Dr. Johnson want to placate with the plan he advocated?
5. What did James Madison recommend for the appointment of Supreme Court Justices?
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