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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
(a) Closer to anarchy than democracy.
(b) Closer to monarchy than democracy.
(c) Closer to republicanism than democracy.
(d) Closer to democracy than republicanism.
2. What did all the delegates at the federal convention agree on?
(a) Laissez-faire economic policy.
(b) The importance of a strong central government.
(c) The rights of a king.
(d) Government by consent.
3. Who wrote the introduction to this edition of "The Anti-Federalist Papers"?
(a) Ralph Ketcham.
(b) Sacvan Bercovitch.
(c) James Madison.
(d) Alexander Hamilton.
4. What did William Paterson offer the convention?
(a) The Great Compromise.
(b) The Missouri Compromise.
(c) The Virginia Plan.
(d) The New Jersey Plan.
5. What did Madison argue for in his letter to George Washington?
(a) Independence of states to coin money.
(b) Restraints against a supreme national legislature.
(c) The supremacy of national laws over states' laws.
(d) Independence of states to make laws.
6. What theory was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
(a) The theory of evolution.
(b) The theory of intelligent design.
(c) The theory of institutional design.
(d) The theory of free trade and open markets.
7. Which form of government includes a representative government without hereditary privilege?
(a) Constitutional monarchy.
(d) Representative democracy.
8. What was the Great Compromise?
(a) A bicameral legislature.
(b) Appoint judges for life, but allow them to be impeached.
(c) The creation of the Electoral College.
(d) Bring Texas into the union as a slave state, and Missouri as free.
9. What did Dr. Johnson advocate during the debate over federal power?
(a) Reducing the size of the federal government.
(b) Centralizing power in the federal government.
(c) Preserving state power.
(d) Instituting a Supreme Court.
10. What kind of rulers did James Madison believe the country needed?
(a) Old world aristocrats.
(b) Leaders with frontier experience.
(c) Wise, virtuous individuals.
(d) Innocent, smart individuals.
11. What were Americans and Britons discussing a great deal during the 1770s?
(a) Warfare against the Native Americans.
(b) The Massachusetts charter.
(c) Political thought and theory.
(d) Warfare against the French.
12. What did James Madison recommend for the appointment of Supreme Court Justices?
(a) That appointments be susceptible to two-thirds vote override by the Congress.
(b) That appointments be beyond contest.
(c) That judges should be appointed for seven-year terms.
(d) That judges should be elected.
13. How many branches of government did Mr. Madison propose be elected?
(b) At least one.
(c) He proposed that all government positions should be elected.
14. What did the delegates argue concerning the question of whether the judiciary should be able to veto legislation?
(a) That the judiciary would thereby acquire legislative power.
(b) That the executive would thereby attain control over the legislature through the judiciary.
(c) That the judiciary would become the most powerful branch of government.
(d) That the executive would be rendered powerless.
15. Where did Mr. Gerry think the country's current troubles came from?
(a) Too much foreign influence.
(b) Too little representation in government.
(c) Too much democracy.
(d) Too little religion.
Short Answer Questions
1. How did the South want the Constitution to regulate trade?
2. What power was missing from the Articles?
3. Why did delegates argue for a judicial veto power?
4. What did Mr. Sherman argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
5. What were opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted afraid of?
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