|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who proposed that government officers not receive salaries?
(a) George Washington.
(b) Alexander Hamilton.
(c) James Madison.
(d) Benjamin Franklin.
2. What did James Madison recommend for the appointment of Supreme Court Justices?
(a) That judges should be elected.
(b) That appointments be susceptible to two-thirds vote override by the Congress.
(c) That judges should be appointed for seven-year terms.
(d) That appointments be beyond contest.
3. What did James Madison support?
(a) A strong federal government.
(b) A government of businesses.
(c) A system of checks and balances.
(d) Strong state governments.
4. What reason did delegates give for Senators being elected in state legislatures?
(a) They would therefore be men of character.
(b) They would have the contacts they needed within the state.
(c) They would already know the laws.
(d) They would therefore be essentially promoted from within.
5. Where should budget bills start, according to the compromise?
(a) In the executive.
(b) In the Supreme Court.
(c) In the House of Representatives.
(d) In the Senate.
6. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
(a) The danger of foreign influence.
(b) The threat of mob rule.
(c) The threat of concentrated executive power.
(d) The problems with devising a scheme of representation.
7. What did Mr. Sherman argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
(a) Long terms allow leaders to learn on the job.
(b) Long terms will preserve continuity in government.
(c) Short terms create perpetual campaigns.
(d) Short terms allow bad rulers to be removed.
8. What happened to the motion not to give government officers salaries?
(a) It was killed in committee.
(b) It was rejected as impractical.
(c) It was tabled to be voted on later.
(d) It was rejected as too aristocratic.
9. What did Mr. Sherman argue concerning the question of whether the executive should be chosen by the legislature?
(a) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Supreme Court.
(b) He argued that the executive should be elected by the Congress.
(c) He argued that the executive should be elected by the people.
(d) He argued that the executive should be appointed by the Congress.
10. What was the Great Compromise?
(a) A bicameral legislature.
(b) Bring Texas into the union as a slave state, and Missouri as free.
(c) The creation of the Electoral College.
(d) Appoint judges for life, but allow them to be impeached.
11. What was the benefit of adopting the resolution that was ultimately adopted?
(a) It allowed the federal government to be effective.
(b) It resolved decades of inter-state tension.
(c) It created a need for a lot of inter-state lawsuits.
(d) It weakened the Articles of Confederation and gave the states more power.
12. What did Mr. Paterson argue about the New Jersey Plan?
(a) That it made the federal government too independent.
(b) That it did not protect the states enough.
(c) That it diminished the power of the states.
(d) That it did not give the executive too much power.
13. What kind of representation did James Madison advocate?
(a) Representation by state.
(b) Representation by person.
(c) Representation by revenue.
(d) Representation by state size.
14. How did the New Jersey Plan resolve the question of the relationship of state laws to federal laws?
(a) Congressional laws were still the law of the land.
(b) State laws could still take precedence.
(c) The Supreme Court would decide on a state-by-state basis which laws took precedence.
(d) It gave the states priority in matters of trade, but the federal government priority in military matters.
15. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
(a) Closer to democracy than republicanism.
(b) Closer to republicanism than democracy.
(c) Closer to anarchy than democracy.
(d) Closer to monarchy than democracy.
Short Answer Questions
1. Who was particularly concerned about the Virginia Plan?
2. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
3. How much of the Virginia Plan was accepted?
4. What resolution was ultimately adopted?
5. Delegates were trying to strike a balance in their decision about electing representatives for the House between what?
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