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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
(a) Closer to anarchy than democracy.
(b) Closer to monarchy than democracy.
(c) Closer to republicanism than democracy.
(d) Closer to democracy than republicanism.
2. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
(a) Regulation of slavery.
(b) A standing army.
(c) A Supreme Court.
(d) An executive-for-life.
3. What did Madison say the country needed, in his letter to George Washington?
(a) A central coordinating committee.
(b) Short presidential terms.
(c) A charismatic leader.
(d) A dispassionate umpire.
4. What did James Madison argue during the argument over representation by person or by state?
(a) Popular sovereignty argued for representation by person.
(b) Fairness argued for representation by state.
(c) The populace would not be served by state representatives.
(d) The ruling classes would benefit by representation by state.
5. What did Mr. Mason propose in his arguments of June 4?
(a) That there be an executive for each region.
(b) That there be two executives, like Roman consuls.
(c) That the executive be appointed by Congress.
(d) That the executive be chosen in popular elections.
6. What did Mr. Sherman argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
(a) Long terms allow leaders to learn on the job.
(b) Short terms allow bad rulers to be removed.
(c) Short terms create perpetual campaigns.
(d) Long terms will preserve continuity in government.
7. What did Madison and Jefferson feel about Virginia?
(a) That the executive was too weak.
(b) That international trade would solve its budget problems.
(c) That the taxation rates were too low.
(d) That democracy restricted the leaders.
8. What opinion bolstered Mr. Sherman's view about where election should take place?
(a) He believed in a strong democracy.
(b) He believed that small states needed equal representation.
(c) He believed that people could be trusted with self-governance.
(d) He believed that the populace could be misled.
9. Which form of government includes a representative government without hereditary privilege?
(b) Constitutional monarchy.
(d) Representative democracy.
10. What did the Southern economy rely on at the time of the constitutional convention?
(a) State-to-state trade.
11. What kind of rulers did James Madison believe the country needed?
(a) Leaders with frontier experience.
(b) Wise, virtuous individuals.
(c) Old world aristocrats.
(d) Innocent, smart individuals.
12. What did James Madison recommend for the appointment of Supreme Court Justices?
(a) That judges should be appointed for seven-year terms.
(b) That appointments be susceptible to two-thirds vote override by the Congress.
(c) That judges should be elected.
(d) That appointments be beyond contest.
13. Who was particularly concerned about the Virginia Plan?
(a) Populous states.
(b) Southern states.
(c) Large states.
(d) Small states.
14. What were Americans and Britons discussing a great deal during the 1770s?
(a) Warfare against the French.
(b) Warfare against the Native Americans.
(c) Political thought and theory.
(d) The Massachusetts charter.
15. How many branches of government did Mr. Madison propose be elected?
(b) At least one.
(d) He proposed that all government positions should be elected.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Mr. Hamilton argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
2. What compromise did this body propose, between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
3. What did delegates debate on June 6?
4. What did opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted think would be the consequence of adopting the proposal?
5. What did George Mason argue in the debate of June 4?
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