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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What was Mr. Wilson's feeling about the compromise?
(a) He felt that popular participation would weaken government.
(b) He felt that elections were not accurate indications of the country's needs.
(c) He felt that appointed leaders were better suited for the work of governing.
(d) He felt that majority rule alone could legitimize government.
2. What was the dominant fear about the executive?
(a) The power to appoint judges.
(b) The power to impose taxes.
(c) The power to regulate trade.
(d) The power to go to war.
3. What were Americans concluding by the 1780s?
(a) That mercantile colonialism had been a working model before the revolution.
(b) That representation could have been earned without warfare.
(c) That there was too much power in the federal government.
(d) That the federal executive was too weak.
4. What did Madison stress in his letter to George Washington?
(a) The need for high taxes to pay for federal army and government.
(b) The need for representation by state and region.
(c) The need for representation by population.
(d) The need for restraints on popular sentiment.
5. What did George Mason argue in the debate of June 4?
(a) He argued against a unified executive.
(b) He argued for a unified executive.
(c) He argued for an elected executive.
(d) He argued for an appointed executive.
6. Who wrote the introduction to this edition of "The Anti-Federalist Papers"?
(a) Alexander Hamilton.
(b) Ralph Ketcham.
(c) Sacvan Bercovitch.
(d) James Madison.
7. What did Alexander Hamilton propose in his speech?
(a) A standing army.
(b) An executive-for-life.
(c) Regulation of slavery.
(d) A Supreme Court.
8. What did Mr. Hamilton argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
(a) Senators should appoint their successors.
(b) Senators should have short terms in order to remain subject to their constituents.
(c) Senators should have long terms to stay above the fray.
(d) Senators should serve for life to create continuity in government.
9. How many branches of government did Mr. Madison propose be elected?
(b) At least one.
(d) He proposed that all government positions should be elected.
10. What did Madison and Jefferson feel about Virginia?
(a) That the executive was too weak.
(b) That the taxation rates were too low.
(c) That democracy restricted the leaders.
(d) That international trade would solve its budget problems.
11. What thoughts did Mr. Wilson express at the convention?
(a) Popular election will debase public discourse.
(b) Popular election will give people confidence in the government.
(c) Popular election will lead to a tyranny of the masses.
(d) Popular election will allow the people to mislead each other.
12. Why did delegates argue for a small senate?
(a) They thought it would make for debate that is more dignified.
(b) They thought it would give the large states fair representation.
(c) They thought it would make Senators more intimate and therefore more willing to compromise.
(d) They thought it would limit the influence of the executive.
13. What did Mr. Mason propose in his arguments of June 4?
(a) That the executive be chosen in popular elections.
(b) That the executive be appointed by Congress.
(c) That there be two executives, like Roman consuls.
(d) That there be an executive for each region.
14. What did the delegates debate concerning state laws?
(a) Whether the states could allow the death penalty.
(b) Whether the federal government could control state laws.
(c) Whether state laws could govern inter-state trade.
(d) Whether state laws could set precedent for federal laws.
15. Why did delegates argue that Senators should be elected in state legislatures?
(a) The government would be composed of professional politicians.
(b) The House of Representatives would be counter-balanced.
(c) The states would therefore have an interest in preserving the federal government.
(d) The state legislatures would thereby gain power against the federal government.
Short Answer Questions
1. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
2. What kind of political thought was flourishing in the 1770s in America?
3. Which form of government includes a representative government without hereditary privilege?
4. Who proposed that government officers not receive salaries?
5. What plan did James Madison favor?
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