|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What reason did delegates give for Senators being elected in state legislatures?
(a) They would have the contacts they needed within the state.
(b) They would already know the laws.
(c) They would therefore be men of character.
(d) They would therefore be essentially promoted from within.
2. What did the delegates debate concerning state laws?
(a) Whether the states could allow the death penalty.
(b) Whether the federal government could control state laws.
(c) Whether state laws could set precedent for federal laws.
(d) Whether state laws could govern inter-state trade.
3. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The poor.
(b) The merchants.
(c) The people.
(d) The landowners.
4. What were opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted afraid of?
(a) That the states would gain too much independence.
(b) That the federal government would become too powerful.
(c) That foreign countries would be able to divide and conquer.
(d) That trade would be stifled.
5. What did George Mason say he feared, in his argument on June 4?
(a) That government will not have enough funding.
(b) That government will degenerate into monarchy.
(c) That government will degenerate into mob rule.
(d) That government will degenerate into a tool of businesses.
6. What resolution was ultimately adopted?
(a) To prevent the federal government from overriding state laws.
(b) To give federal laws supremacy over state laws.
(c) To allow the Supreme Court to decide which laws were supreme.
(d) To give state laws independence from the federal legislature.
7. What did Alexander Hamilton want to protect the executive from?
(c) Popular sentiment.
(d) Foreign influence.
8. Where should budget bills start, according to the compromise?
(a) In the executive.
(b) In the Senate.
(c) In the Supreme Court.
(d) In the House of Representatives.
9. What was the dominant fear about the executive?
(a) The power to go to war.
(b) The power to appoint judges.
(c) The power to impose taxes.
(d) The power to regulate trade.
10. What compromise did this body propose, between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
(a) Supreme Court Judges would be appointed by the executive, but the Congress could override the appointment.
(b) Missouri entered the union as a free state, and Texas as a slave state.
(c) The government would maintain a standing army, but not a big one.
(d) State representation in the upper house, and representation by person in the lower house.
11. What was cut out when the Constitutional Convention doted down part of the Virginia Plan?
(a) Congress's ability to impose state taxes.
(b) Congress's ability to declare war.
(c) Congress's ability to regulate interstate trade.
(d) Congress's ability to vote down state laws.
12. What kind of representation did James Madison advocate?
(a) Representation by person.
(b) Representation by revenue.
(c) Representation by state size.
(d) Representation by state.
13. Why did delegates argue that Senators should be elected in state legislatures?
(a) The House of Representatives would be counter-balanced.
(b) The states would therefore have an interest in preserving the federal government.
(c) The government would be composed of professional politicians.
(d) The state legislatures would thereby gain power against the federal government.
14. What did James Madison argue with relation to the New Jersey Plan?
(a) It cannot settle arguments between the states.
(b) It cannot support itself with tax revenue.
(c) It will give too much power to small states.
(d) It will not protect small states from bigger states.
15. What did Mr. Mason propose in his arguments of June 4?
(a) That the executive be appointed by Congress.
(b) That the executive be chosen in popular elections.
(c) That there be an executive for each region.
(d) That there be two executives, like Roman consuls.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did the Virginia Plan propose to do to the Articles?
2. Who was particularly concerned about the Virginia Plan?
3. What did the delegates argue concerning the question of whether the judiciary should be associated with the executive?
4. How much of the Virginia Plan was accepted?
5. Which form of government includes a king whose powers are limited by a statement of the laws?
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