|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What deliberative body created a compromise between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan?
(a) A grand committee.
(b) The Supreme Court.
(c) The Congress.
(d) The Senate.
2. Where do delegates think that authority needs to originate in order to be legitimate?
(a) The landowners.
(b) The poor.
(c) The merchants.
(d) The people.
3. What was Mr. Wilson's feeling about the compromise?
(a) He felt that appointed leaders were better suited for the work of governing.
(b) He felt that popular participation would weaken government.
(c) He felt that majority rule alone could legitimize government.
(d) He felt that elections were not accurate indications of the country's needs.
4. What position did "Publius" advocate?
(a) Attacking the new Constitution.
(b) Defending the new Constitution.
(c) Proposing an alternative to the Constitution.
(d) Arguing against ratification of the Constitution.
5. What did Mr. Mason support at the convention?
(a) Election of Senators by Senators.
(b) Election by state legislatures.
(c) Appointment by the President.
(d) Election by the people.
6. Where should budget bills start, according to the compromise?
(a) In the executive.
(b) In the Supreme Court.
(c) In the House of Representatives.
(d) In the Senate.
7. Delegates were trying to strike a balance in their decision about electing representatives for the House between what?
(a) Between American and foreign power.
(b) Between East coast and southern power.
(c) Between ideals and practical applications.
(d) Between federal and state power.
8. What were opponents of the resolution that was ultimately adopted afraid of?
(a) That the states would gain too much independence.
(b) That trade would be stifled.
(c) That foreign countries would be able to divide and conquer.
(d) That the federal government would become too powerful.
9. What did Madison and Jefferson want to do about judges?
(a) Protect them from popular politics.
(b) Subject them to elections.
(c) Review their judgments in the Congress.
(d) Allow them independence in their rulings.
10. What resolution was ultimately adopted?
(a) To prevent the federal government from overriding state laws.
(b) To allow the Supreme Court to decide which laws were supreme.
(c) To give state laws independence from the federal legislature.
(d) To give federal laws supremacy over state laws.
11. Why did delegates argue that Senators should be elected in state legislatures?
(a) The states would therefore have an interest in preserving the federal government.
(b) The House of Representatives would be counter-balanced.
(c) The state legislatures would thereby gain power against the federal government.
(d) The government would be composed of professional politicians.
12. Where did Mr. Sherman say election should take place?
(a) In the Electoral College.
(b) Among sitting representatives.
(c) In the state legislatures.
(d) In the popular polls.
13. What complaints were lodged against the proposal to elect Senators in state legislatures?
(a) It would create a plutocracy.
(b) It would dissipate federal power among the states.
(c) It would give too much power to large states.
(d) It would over-represent the small states.
14. What did the delegates debate concerning state laws?
(a) Whether the federal government could control state laws.
(b) Whether state laws could govern inter-state trade.
(c) Whether state laws could set precedent for federal laws.
(d) Whether the states could allow the death penalty.
15. What did James Madison argue during the argument over representation by person or by state?
(a) Fairness argued for representation by state.
(b) The ruling classes would benefit by representation by state.
(c) Popular sovereignty argued for representation by person.
(d) The populace would not be served by state representatives.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did all the delegates at the federal convention agree on?
2. What did a legitimate government require, in James Madison's opinion?
3. How many branches of government did Mr. Madison propose be elected?
4. What did Mr. Hamilton argue during the debate over the length of Senatorial term-lengths?
5. How would government service be seen if government officers did not receive salaries, in the opinion of the man who proposed this?
This section contains 687 words
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