|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did the New Jersey Plan allow the federal government to do?
(a) Regulate slavery.
(b) Support a Supreme Court.
(c) Tax intra-state commerce.
(d) Maintain a standing army.
2. Why did many delegates support one resolution to this question?
(a) To limit the independence of the federal government.
(b) To cater to the states' needs.
(c) To reduce the federal government's power.
(d) To avoid dissension.
3. What was cut out when the Constitutional Convention doted down part of the Virginia Plan?
(a) Congress's ability to impose state taxes.
(b) Congress's ability to vote down state laws.
(c) Congress's ability to declare war.
(d) Congress's ability to regulate interstate trade.
4. Where on the political spectrum were Alexander Hamilton's opinions?
(a) Closer to republicanism than democracy.
(b) Closer to anarchy than democracy.
(c) Closer to democracy than republicanism.
(d) Closer to monarchy than democracy.
5. What thoughts did Mr. Wilson express at the convention?
(a) Popular election will allow the people to mislead each other.
(b) Popular election will debase public discourse.
(c) Popular election will give people confidence in the government.
(d) Popular election will lead to a tyranny of the masses.
6. What did the delegates debate concerning state laws?
(a) Whether the federal government could control state laws.
(b) Whether state laws could govern inter-state trade.
(c) Whether the states could allow the death penalty.
(d) Whether state laws could set precedent for federal laws.
7. How did the South want the Constitution to regulate trade?
(a) The South wanted the Constitution to keep tariffs low indefinitely.
(b) The South wanted the Constitution to let Congress set tariffs with a simple majority vote.
(c) The South wanted the Constitution to keep Congress from restricting trade.
(d) The South wanted the Constitution not to regulate trade at all.
8. What did Mr. Mason support at the convention?
(a) Election by state legislatures.
(b) Election by the people.
(c) Election of Senators by Senators.
(d) Appointment by the President.
9. What did a legitimate government require, in James Madison's opinion?
(a) Direct democracy.
(b) Freedom from debt.
(d) A strong military.
10. What complaints were lodged against the proposal to elect Senators in state legislatures?
(a) It would create a plutocracy.
(b) It would dissipate federal power among the states.
(c) It would give too much power to large states.
(d) It would over-represent the small states.
11. Which form of government includes a representative government without hereditary privilege?
(a) Representative democracy.
(c) Constitutional monarchy.
12. What did Madison and Jefferson want to do about judges?
(a) Allow them independence in their rulings.
(b) Protect them from popular politics.
(c) Subject them to elections.
(d) Review their judgments in the Congress.
13. What did Mr. Mason propose in his arguments of June 4?
(a) That the executive be chosen in popular elections.
(b) That there be an executive for each region.
(c) That there be two executives, like Roman consuls.
(d) That the executive be appointed by Congress.
14. What was the objection to democracy at the constitutional convention?
(a) The problems with devising a scheme of representation.
(b) The danger of foreign influence.
(c) The threat of concentrated executive power.
(d) The threat of mob rule.
15. What did Mr. Paterson argue about the New Jersey Plan?
(a) That it diminished the power of the states.
(b) That it made the federal government too independent.
(c) That it did not give the executive too much power.
(d) That it did not protect the states enough.
Short Answer Questions
1. What did delegates debate on June 6?
2. What did the Southern economy rely on at the time of the constitutional convention?
3. What kind of representation did James Madison advocate?
4. What position did "Publius" advocate?
5. What did James Madison argue during the argument over representation by person or by state?
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