The Social Contract Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What type of community does the author envision in a seaside state?
(a) Industrial community.
(b) Populous community.
(c) Agricultural community.
(d) Shipping community.

2. How rare does the author think that individuals who possess the ideal traits of legislators are?
(a) Extremely rare.
(b) Moderately rare.
(c) So rare that they do not exist.
(d) Not rare.

3. If all people are born free and equal, then what advantage is there in giving up some of that freedom in order to form a civil society?
(a) Having the respect of one's peers
(b) Getting to vote.
(c) Protection or preservation of life and property.
(d) There is no advantage.

4. The author states that slavery is established and perpetuated by which of the following?
(a) War.
(b) Force.
(c) Taxes.
(d) A majority.

5. Each arm of the government must be limited so that it can perform its own function and no more: the sovereign legislates, the magistrates govern, and the subjects obey. What do you call this system?
(a) A Dictatorship.
(b) A Democracy.
(c) Balance of power.
(d) Tyranny.

6. Under the social contract, individuals "have exchanged their own strength which others might overcome for a right which the social union makes _________."
(a) Invincible.
(b) Enslaved.
(c) Sovereign.
(d) Alienated.

7. The author believes that Grotius formed his theories with the sole aim of flattering and ingratiating himself with whom of the following?
(a) The German king.
(b) The Spanish king.
(c) The French king.
(d) The English king.

8. When an individual's will is in conflict with the will of the whole, what must the individual do?
(a) Revolt.
(b) Surrender his will.
(c) Draw people to his side.
(d) Advocate for his position.

9. The second type of law governs the relationship between which of the following within the state?
(a) Companies.
(b) Industries.
(c) Individuals.
(d) Factions.

10. How many states does the author believe have been established within the guidelines that he gives in Book 2?
(a) A lot.
(b) Ten.
(c) None.
(d) A few.

11. What kind of laws are those that relate to the interactions of citizens among each other as individuals or of citizens to society as a whole?
(a) Criminal Law.
(b) Political Law.
(c) Sovereign Law.
(d) Civil Law.

12. Individuals who put themselves under the laws of the state are called _______.
(a) Slaves.
(b) Citizens.
(c) Subjects.
(d) Magistrates.

13. When the author states that inspiration for lawmakers must come from God, whom of the following does he cite as examples?
(a) Lawmakers in Ancient Greece.
(b) Lawmakers in India.
(c) Lawmakers in the Jewish religion.
(d) Lawmakers in Egypt.

14. The forcible removable of someone else's freedom and an institution perpetuated by force is what?
(a) Slavery.
(b) Tyranny.
(c) Dictatorship.
(d) Monarchy.

15. These laws are not really their own kind of law so much as a sanction to all the other laws.
(a) Fundamental Law.
(b) Sovereign Law.
(c) Civil Law.
(d) Criminal Law.

Short Answer Questions

1. Rather than a father's love, what is the feeling that should keep a ruler in check?

2. The social contract equalizes all men in which of the following?

3. The general will "must be general in its purpose as well as in its ______."

4. Which political philosopher did NOT believe that rulers were superior to the people that they ruled?

5. According to the author, violence is a poor means of maintaining which of the following?

(see the answer keys)

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