|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The term, magistrate, is used interchangeably with which of the following titles?
2. According to the author, which of the following does man gain in the social contract?
(a) Spiritual liberty.
(b) Civil liberty.
(c) Social liberty.
(d) Political liberty.
3. The difference between property and possession is that possession merely implies that one has control of the object at the moment, while property implies _________.
(a) That someone has owned the item previously.
(b) That land is involved.
(c) That the item is worth something.
(d) That one has a legal title documenting ownership.
4. In its passive role, the body politic is called _________.
(b) The State.
(d) The People.
5. What compels people to give up their freedom, either willingly or not?
6. The first type of laws govern the interaction between the state and which of the following?
(a) The community.
(b) The Sovereign.
(c) The world.
(d) The people.
7. By being part of the social contract, man does which of the following?
(a) Becomes master of himself.
(b) Gains property rights.
(c) Gains friendships.
(d) Becomes a slave to others.
8. In a might makes right system, individuals are compelled to obey by force. In a civil society based on a social contract, what compels people to obey?
9. The author believes that a human's most basic instinct is the will to do which of the following?
(a) Have power.
10. Please choose the two words that correctly complete this quote: "Man was born ______, and his is everywhere in ______."
(a) Free, Isolation.
(b) Rational, Chains.
(c) Free, Chains.
(d) Subservient, Shackles.
11. According to the author, violence is a poor means of maintaining which of the following?
(a) Social order.
(d) A government.
12. According to the author, politicians have separated the Sovereign Will into which of the following?
(a) Separate jurisdictions.
(b) Separate buildings.
(c) Separate wills.
(d) Separate votes.
13. According to the author, the more Magistrates that there are, the closer that the government is to which of the following?
(a) A good government.
(b) The ability to act well.
(c) A true republic.
(d) The will of the people.
14. A type of freedom that has no limit other than the physical force of the individual concerned is called _________.
(a) Natural liberty or natural freedom.
(b) Political freedom.
(d) Civil liberty.
15. The author states that the Magistrate receives power to lead the government from which of the following?
(a) The constitution.
(b) Natural law.
(d) The people.
Short Answer Questions
1. The second type of law governs the relationship between which of the following within the state?
2. Because by their nature people are always trying to gain advantage over each other, laws must be put in place to attempt to preserve _______.
3. The people who are associated with the sovereign power are individually called _______.
4. The author believes that when citizens become enlightened they have to seize which of the following for themselves?
5. Chapter 12 of Book 2 might best be described as which of the following types of chapter?
This section contains 491 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)