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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What democratic city did Rousseau grow up in?
2. The author compares authoritarian societies to which of the following social structures?
3. Because the legislative power is the power to make laws, it must belong to _________.
(a) The aristocrats.
(b) The prince.
(c) The magistrates.
(d) The people.
4. If an individual wishes to have his life protected by society, what must he do in return?
(a) Offer his own life in protecting society.
(b) Ask for protection.
(d) Pay taxes.
5. Chapter 12 of Book 2 might best be described as which of the following types of chapter?
6. What must happen during the initial period when a state is established?
(a) It must accept new immigrants to expand its population.
(b) It must face a war in order to strengthen the bonds of the people.
(c) It must spread out and take on new territory.
(d) It must enjoy a time of peace and plenty in order to prosper.
7. The term, inherent in anarchy, refers to which of the following?
(a) Lack of will.
(c) Ordering of men by power.
8. What did Rousseau see as the role of religion in determining the law?
(a) The state religion is merely a cultural backdrop and has little influence.
(b) A people's religion should play no role in determining the law.
(c) A people's religion serves as a moral guide.
(d) The dominant religion of a state determines who the lawmakers will be.
9. The author believes that there must be a balance between the size of the state and the ability of which of the following?
(a) The people to know it.
(b) The land to support it.
(c) The government to administer it.
(d) The legislators to evaluate it.
10. Which of the following is destroyed if the government does not reflect the Sovereign Will?
(c) Body Politic.
(d) Political Knowledge.
11. Rousseau states that the art of the lawmaker is in balancing these three wills how?
(a) So that the Individual and Sovereign will are subservient to the Corporate will.
(b) So that the Individual and Corporate will are subservient to the Sovereign will.
(c) So that all three are considered equally.
(d) So that the Sovereign and Corporate will are subservient to the Individual will.
12. The ________ should write the laws since they are the ones agreeing to abide by them.
(a) The people or the citizens.
(b) The local community leaders.
(c) The magistrates.
(d) The monarchs.
13. These are considered by Rousseau to be a fourth body of laws that carry more power than the rest.
(a) Sovereign Law.
(b) Tribunal Law.
(c) Civil Law.
(d) Morals, customs, and beliefs.
14. What do you call the will that is concerned with the interests of all the citizens of the state?
(a) Individual will.
(b) Moral will.
(c) Sovereign will.
(d) Corporate will.
15. "Commitments which bind us to the social body are obligatory because they are _________."
Short Answer Questions
1. According to the author, a city is a collection of which of the following?
2. This statement explains the necessity of what concept: "No citizen shall be rich enough to buy another and none so poor as to be forced to sell himself; this implies that the more exalted persons need moderation in goods and influence and the humbler persons moderation in avarice and covetousness."
3. An intermediary body established between the subjects and the sovereign for their mutual communication, charged with the execution of laws and maintenance of freedom is what?
4. The second type of law governs the relationship between which of the following within the state?
5. Who is Rousseau quoting when he says, "At the birth of political societies, it is the leaders of the republic who shape the institutions but that afterwards it is the institutions which shape the leaders of the republic"?
This section contains 629 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)