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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. This statement explains the necessity of what concept: "No citizen shall be rich enough to buy another and none so poor as to be forced to sell himself; this implies that the more exalted persons need moderation in goods and influence and the humbler persons moderation in avarice and covetousness."
(c) Civil law.
(d) Communal living.
2. Chapter 12 of Book 2 might best be described as which of the following types of chapter?
3. When the author writes of a sovereign within the social contract, he refers to which of the following?
(a) The single ruler.
(b) The person in leadership of the group.
(c) The collective authority.
(d) The outward will of the group.
4. The author states that a social contract in a bad government does which of the following?
(a) Keeps the middle-class miserable.
(b) Keeps the poor miserable.
(c) Keeps those in power miserable.
(d) Keeps everyone miserable.
5. The Sovereign Will is the expression of desired action to meet which of the following?
(a) The needs of the citizens.
(b) The needs of the government.
(c) The needs of the community.
(d) The needs of the state.
6. The right of which of the following terms in the first degree refers to private property rights under the state?
7. These are considered by Rousseau to be a fourth body of laws that carry more power than the rest.
(a) Civil Law.
(b) Morals, customs, and beliefs.
(c) Tribunal Law.
(d) Sovereign Law.
8. What happens to a nation once customs are established and prejudices are rooted?
(a) The government becomes effective.
(b) Change becomes difficult.
(c) The general will becomes divided.
(d) The government begins to fail.
9. The people who are associated with the sovereign power are individually called _______.
(a) Members of Society.
10. When a state becomes too large, the government becomes which of the following to a high degree?
11. In order to work well, a constitution's laws must be in harmony with a people's _________.
(a) Way of life.
(c) All of these.
12. According to the author, a city is a collection of which of the following?
13. If all people are born free and equal, then what advantage is there in giving up some of that freedom in order to form a civil society?
(a) Protection or preservation of life and property.
(b) Getting to vote.
(c) Having the respect of one's peers
(d) There is no advantage.
14. Rousseau states that the art of the lawmaker is in balancing these three wills how?
(a) So that the Individual and Sovereign will are subservient to the Corporate will.
(b) So that the Individual and Corporate will are subservient to the Sovereign will.
(c) So that the Sovereign and Corporate will are subservient to the Individual will.
(d) So that all three are considered equally.
15. Which body of laws attempts to make each citizen independent of all fellow citizens and at the same time dependent on the republic?
(a) Criminal Law.
(b) Sovereign Law.
(c) Fundamental Law.
(d) Civil Law.
Short Answer Questions
1. With government actions, the legislative is seen as the ______ to action and the executive as the ________ to act.
2. What type of community does the author envision in a seaside state?
3. The author believes he is a citizen of which of the following?
4. In Chapter 12, the author summarizes his theme that which of the following is necessary for law and government?
5. If an individual wishes to have his life protected by society, what must he do in return?
This section contains 599 words
(approx. 2 pages at 300 words per page)