|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 short answer questions, 10 short essay questions, and 1 (of 3) essay topics.
Short Answer Questions
1. An organism that can adapt to changing circumstances over long periods of time has developed ____.
2. In the face of major criticism game theory research shifted from a pure math focus to what?
3. Where was the Russian spy born who was instrumental in helping Russia achieve nuclear capability?
4. Who became pessimistic about military technology and modern society as they aged?
5. Who appointed von Neumann Atomic Energy Commissioner?
Short Essay Questions
1. In relation to Russian nuclear capability who was Klaus Fuchs?
2. What were the variables of later versions of the Ohio State studies?
3. What four games are two-person symmetric as detailed in Chapter 11?
4. How did von Neumann become the Atomic Energy Commissioner?
5. What is the tit-for-tat strategy?
6. What strategy dominated the original Ohio State studies and the later variations?
7. What is SAGE and why was it developed?
8. What is Bully?
9. What game did people think nuclear warfare modeled and why did this change?
10. What happened to the initial game theory interest by the mid-1950s?
Write an essay for ONE of the following topics:
Essay Topic 1
In real life dollar auctions the author writes about how many a justifiable action, in looking back, becomes the first "defection" in an escalating dilemma. How can you penalize the first bidder for not wanting to waste the "ninety-nine cent profit?" In relation to the nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union what was the defection? Why was there a defection and how did this dilemma escalate as both sides designed more and more nuclear weapons?
Essay Topic 2
Chicken has two Nash equilibrium points. What are they? Why does an irrational player have an advantage in a game of chicken? Explain the game of chicken in its simplest form on a highway and as Bertrand Russell presented it in relation to nuclear war. Which of the two strategies in the game of chicken has the maximum minimum? How was this strategy used in the Cuban Missile Crisis?
Essay Topic 3
Why are Prisoner's Dilemma, Chicken, Deadlock, and Stag Hunt, all called social dilemmas? Why is the prisoner's dilemma considered the center of gravity for the other three games in relation to pay offs? Be sure to include how switching two of the pay offs in the order of preference helps derive each of the three games from the prisoner's dilemma.
This section contains 759 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)