Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Eduardo Galeano
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What year did Brazil abolish slavery?
(a) 1901.
(b) 1888.
(c) 1865.
(d) 1701.

2. Who usually financed the conquistadors' expeditions?
(a) The native peoples of the New World.
(b) The state or government.
(c) England's monarch.
(d) Businessmen or the conquistadors themselves.

3. What did the export of guano help stave off in Europe?
(a) Hunger.
(b) Annoyance.
(c) War.
(d) Disease.

4. What rationalization was used by the conquerors who enslaved the native populations?
(a) They denied that Indians had souls, and therefore were no better than beasts of burden.
(b) They declared the Indians owed them labor because of their defeat in the war.
(c) They would share the wealth with the Indians eventually.
(d) They claimed the Indians enjoyed the work.

5. What Aztec innovation in Mexico City is still visited by tourists today?
(a) The great sundial.
(b) The pyramids of Cairo.
(c) The golden mask.
(d) The floating gardens.

6. What is the most universal health problem in Latin America?
(a) Cancer.
(b) Poor eyesight.
(c) Infectious disease.
(d) Malnutrition.

7. What Latin American countries were involved in the War of the Pacific?
(a) Mexico, Guatemala, and Panama.
(b) Bolivia, Peru, and Chile.
(c) Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil.
(d) Venezuela, Argentina, and Ecuador.

8. What is expropriation?
(a) It is the Indian's policies of attacking government outposts relentlessly.
(b) It is the separation of the native peoples from the main population.
(c) It is the government's practice of usurping the Indians and claiming their lands.
(d) It is the tithe the Indians are expected to pay the government.

9. Though the Indians of Latin American had a population of 70 million before foreign invasion, how many remained after 150 years?
(a) None.
(b) 3.5 million.
(c) 15 million.
(d) 50 million.

10. How much did foreign capitalists pay per acre for a huge tract of land in the Amazon?
(a) $10.00
(b) $.99
(c) $50.00
(d) $.07.

11. How much of the native population of Latin American died of diseases contracted from the invaders?
(a) Over half of the population died.
(b) One-sixteenth of the population died.
(c) Only ten people died.
(d) One-third of the population died.

12. What law did Juan Domingo Peron impose in Argentina in compliance with minimum wage?
(a) The Statute of the Peon.
(b) The Latafundios Abolition Act.
(c) The Agrarian Revolution.
(d) The Agricultural Division Act.

13. What was President Jose Manuel Balmaceda's goal for Chile?
(a) He wanted to compete with Brazil's rubber industry.
(b) He wanted to export more gold and silver.
(c) He wanted to nationalize Chile's nitrate exports.
(d) He wanted to be elected to British parliament.

14. What Spanish city was reconquered in 1492 under the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella?
(a) Granada.
(b) Barcelona.
(c) Salamanca.
(d) Madrid.

15. What year was Artigas's agrarian reform--"free land, free man," instituted?
(a) 1915.
(b) 1815.
(c) 1874.
(d) 1800.

Short Answer Questions

1. What was the key to success in the sugar industry?

2. What was guano used for in Europe?

3. How much has Caracas grown in thirty years?

4. Why does the author feel that the USA was not plundered like Latin America?

5. What year did Columbus "discover" America?

(see the answer keys)

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