Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Eduardo Galeano
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. From the sixteenth century to the nineteenth century, what peoples were the center of the slave trade?
(a) Australians.
(b) Africans.
(c) Irish.
(d) Chinese.

2. Why was Juan Jose Arevalo's government overthrown by Rodolfo Armas, backed by the USA?
(a) Rodolfo Armas had plans for agrarian reform.
(b) Arevalo was rumored to be Communist.
(c) Rodolfo Armas was the rightful President.
(d) Arevalo was planning an invasion of the USA.

3. Who was Juan Vicente Gomez?
(a) The Bolivian revolutionary.
(b) The ambassador of Ecuador to Britain.
(c) The President of Brazilian.
(d) The king of Venezuelan oil.

4. What was the key to success in the sugar industry?
(a) Plows.
(b) Slave traffic.
(c) Imported European workers.
(d) Temperate climate.

5. Who usually financed the conquistadors' expeditions?
(a) The state or government.
(b) England's monarch.
(c) The native peoples of the New World.
(d) Businessmen or the conquistadors themselves.

6. Who was Augusto Cesar Sandino?
(a) He was a Salvadoran coffee plantation owner.
(b) He was a Mexican peasant who became President of Mexico.
(c) He was a Nicaraguan guerilla who fought for the peasant's land rights.
(d) He was a Brazilian revolutionary famous for standing up to the government.

7. What Aztec innovation in Mexico City is still visited by tourists today?
(a) The floating gardens.
(b) The great sundial.
(c) The pyramids of Cairo.
(d) The golden mask.

8. After the war between Bolivia and Paraguay, who eventually claimed the land Paraguay won in the conflict?
(a) The USA.
(b) Argentina.
(c) Bolivia.
(d) Brazil.

9. What do coffee and petroleum have in common?
(a) They each foster higher profits for the consuming country than for the producing country.
(b) They are each dark in color and used all over the world.
(c) They are each rapidly falling in price and usefulness.
(d) They each need very particular growing conditions.

10. What did Haitians do to avoid forced labor in the mines?
(a) They committed mass suicide.
(b) They rebelled and drove the Spaniards away.
(c) They ran away and resettled.
(d) They poisoned the Spanish in great numbers.

11. Especially in Guatemala, what is the structure of the labor force visibly identified with?
(a) Wealth.
(b) Racism.
(c) Poverty.
(d) Minifundios.

12. What year did Brazil abolish slavery?
(a) 1888.
(b) 1865.
(c) 1701.
(d) 1901.

13. How much has Caracas grown in thirty years?
(a) .5%.
(b) 20%.
(c) 700%.
(d) 550%.

14. What was the Chaco War of 1932-1935?
(a) A silver-sparked war between Argentina and Ecuador.
(b) A manganese war between Brazil and Argentina.
(c) An Indian-rights war between Chile and Peru.
(d) A petroleum-sparked war between Bolivia and Paraguay.

15. What did Mariano Melgarejo force a British ambassador to drink as punishment for sneering at the local chichas?
(a) Water from the Amazon.
(b) A barrel of chocolate.
(c) A tub of stale beer.
(d) A bottle of bad wine.

Short Answer Questions

1. What region took over the rubber industry from Brazil in 1913?

2. Who was Miguel Hidalgo?

3. What is the world's chief fuel?

4. What did John Thomas North and his partner Robert Harvey purchase for the war effort?

5. Who is the "king of tin"?

(see the answer keys)

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