|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What author of Over the Edge does Gardner cite in Chapter 1?
(a) Harlan Ellison.
(b) James Joyce.
(c) Kurt Vonnegut.
(d) Franz Kafka.
2. Of whose writing does Gardner say that no reader can doubt the impulse to capture real life, "the special quality of country-Welsh craziness"?
(a) Samuel Beckett.
(b) Dylan Thomas.
(d) John Updike.
3. Who wrote Bartelby the Scrivener?
(a) James Joyce.
(b) Ernest Hemingway.
(c) Thomas Mann.
(d) Herman Melville.
4. What does Gardner say that good fiction starts off in the reader's head?
(a) An addiction.
(b) A hunger for more.
(c) A continuous dream.
(d) A nightmare.
5. Where had John Gardner taught before Chico State College?
(a) University of Ohio.
(b) Oberlin College.
(c) DePaul University.
(d) New York University.
Short Answer Questions
1. In Chapter 1, Gardner writes that one is unable to write for everyone, "try to win the audience both of Saul Bellow and" whom?
2. Who is one of the writers Gardner notes in Chapter 1 as having both a fine ear for language and also a fascination with the materials?
3. Whose disguise in Jane Eyre does Gardner comment on as surprising in Chapter 1?
4. What kind of intelligence does Gardner say is important to the writer in Chapter 1?
5. In what novel does Gardner note the rooftop scene as being one of surprise in Chapter 1?
Short Essay Questions
1. What does Gardner suggest as ways to understand the psychology of characters unlike themselves?
2. How does the young author learn technique through reading others?
3. What state does good fiction elicit in the reader, according to Gardner?
4. What is the second indicator of talent that Gardner discusses in Chapter 1? What author does he cite in this?
5. What does Gardner say of writers with "bad taste" in language in Chapter 1?
6. How does Gardner define "setting," "plot," and "theme" in Chapter 1?
7. What is the "moronic setup" that Gardner relates in Chapter 1?
8. In Chapter 1, what does Gardner say the most common question of the aspiring writer is to him? What is the response?
9. What does Gardner remark about theme in Chapter 1?
10. What hypothetical situation does Gardner uses as an example of plot in Chapter 1?
This section contains 756 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)