Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Final Test - Easy

Catherine Drinker Bowen
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which delegate is vehemently against the idea of a standing army?
(a) Ellsworth.
(b) James Madison.
(c) Governor Morris.
(d) Elbridge Gerry.

2. What issue is most important for the states of Kentucky and Tennessee?
(a) Free commerce down the Mississippi River and an ocean port for goods.
(b) A tariff on their goods, including tobacco and timber.
(c) Fair boundaries with neighboring states and a share of the Western Territory.
(d) Proportional representation for all slaves.

3. Which delegate to the Constitution Convention is not elected as a delegate to the Massachusetts Convention?
(a) Nathaniel Gorham.
(b) Caleb Strong.
(c) Elbridge Gerry.
(d) Rufus King.

4. Why are French noblemen amazed to find Revolutionary War officers working as innkeepers?
(a) In Europe, the military is a profession.
(b) They don't realize America have inns.
(c) In Europe, inns are run by women.
(d) In Europe, officers only own farms.

5. Which basic proposition is common to the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Report of the Committee of Detail?
(a) The method of determining who is chief executive.
(b) Proportional representation for each state by size of state-owned land.
(c) Length of residency for Congress members.
(d) A government in three parts: executive, legislative, judicial.

6. What are the Federalist Papers?
(a) The published version of Washington's description of the Convention.
(b) A series of articles published in New York newspapers supporting the ratification of the Constitution.
(c) The published version of Madison's notes from the Convention.
(d) A series of articles published in New York newspapers against the ratification of the Constitution.

7. What does Widgery do after the Constitution is ratified by the Massachusetts Convention?
(a) He pledges to uphold the decision of the Convention and sow seeds of union and peace.
(b) He travels to New York to support the opposition by members of that state.
(c) He pledges to continue fighting against the principles outlined in the Constitution.
(d) He writes a series of newspaper articles decrying the result.

8. Why is the Province of Maine worried about the new Constitution?
(a) They think it interferes with provincial government regulations.
(b) They think it prevents their separation from Massachusetts to become an independent state.
(c) They think it is too restrictive on commerce.
(d) They think it gives too many rights to Southern states.

9. What does Edmund Randolph propose on the final day of the Convention?
(a) To empower Congress to establish a University.
(b) To empower Congress to cut canals where they are needed.
(c) To add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
(d) To hold a second general Convention after the people have a chance to examine the proposed Constitution.

10. What are foreign visitors to America surprised they don't see more frequently?
(a) Deer and wild life.
(b) Slaves.
(c) Forests and trees.
(d) Poverty among white men.

11. Which delegate voices a moral defense of slavery?
(a) Edmund Randolph.
(b) Elbridge Gerry.
(c) Charles Pinckney.
(d) Benjamin Franklin.

12. Which delegate argue that restrictions on the citizenship of legislators are left for Congress to decide?
(a) Robert Morris.
(b) James Madison.
(c) Edmund Randolph.
(d) Charles Pinckney.

13. Which delegate wishes to establish a national university supported by Congress?
(a) Elbridge Gerry.
(b) Alexander Hamilton.
(c) James Madison.
(d) George Washington.

14. What does Congress do eight days after receiving the Constitution?
(a) Pass a motion that the Constitution is approved, pending approval of nine states.
(b) Propose a series of amendments to the Constitution for the states to consider.
(c) Pass a series of amendments to the Constitution.
(d) Pass a recommendation that states call conventions for the purpose of ratification.

15. Why does the Convention need to end by September?
(a) Delegates realizes they do not have a quorum after September because some delegates need to return home for the harvest season.
(b) Congress resumes their session in September and some Convention delegates are also in Congress.
(c) The Pennsylvania Assembly re-convenes in September and needs to use the room.
(d) Congress sets September as the time for the Convention to disband.

Short Answer Questions

1. Which delegate to the Pennsylvania Convention is most vocal in his support for the Constitution?

2. Which article, in the document presented by the Committee of Detail, alarms the Maryland delegates?

3. What does Bowen describe as Madison's strength?

4. Who finally appears at the Convention a week after the Great Compromise is passed?

5. According to Roger Williams, what is the principle at the heart of constitutional government?

(see the answer keys)

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