Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Final Test - Easy

Catherine Drinker Bowen
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does the Committee of Detail present to the Convention on August 6th?
(a) An amended version of the New Jersey Plan.
(b) A revision of the Great Compromise.
(c) A final draft of the Constitution.
(d) An amended version of the Virginia Plan.

2. Which state has only one delegate sign the Constitution?
(a) Massachusetts.
(b) Pennsylvania.
(c) New York.
(d) Virginia.

3. Why is it necessary for the Western Territories to have an ocean port?
(a) It enables them to have a navy in case of war.
(b) It enables them to travel and explore the rest of the continent.
(c) It enables them to fish and expand their diet.
(d) It enables them to trade effectively with others.

4. Why are Philadelphia's artisans and mechanics in favor of the Constitution?
(a) They believe it improves trade with Europe.
(b) They believe it gives them additional opportunities to enter government.
(c) They believe it opens the Western Territories and give them a chance to own property.
(d) They believe it makes them equivalent to the wealthy landowners.

5. What question surrounds the division of the Western Territories?
(a) Whether the land is effectively governed by a Chief Executive.
(b) Whether the newly created states are admitted to the Union on an equal basis.
(c) Whether the land is divided equally among the existing states.
(d) Whether the newly created states ratifies a Constitution.

6. Which delegate is president of the Illinois-Wabash Land Company?
(a) Rufus King.
(b) George Washington.
(c) Manasseh Cutler.
(d) James Wilson.

7. Which delegate moves to postpone the vote on ratification?
(a) James Madison.
(b) Elbridge Gerry.
(c) Rufus King.
(d) Governor Morris.

8. Which delegate signs the Continental Association of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution?
(a) Rufus King.
(b) Elbridge Gerry.
(c) Edmund Randolph.
(d) Roger Sherman.

9. Who is elected president of the Massachusetts Convention to ratify the Constitution?
(a) Alexander Hamilton.
(b) John Hancock.
(c) Samuel Adams.
(d) Elbridge Gerry.

10. On the last day, which delegate states he is determined to withhold his name from the Constitution?
(a) Luther Martin.
(b) John Rutledge.
(c) Charles Pinckney.
(d) Elbridge Gerry.

11. Which member of the Committee of Style and Arrangement is said to be unequaled as an orator?
(a) Edmund Randolph.
(b) Elbridge Gerry.
(c) William Samuel Johnson.
(d) Rufus King.

12. According to Edmund Randolph, what is the purpose of a preamble?
(a) To designate the ends of government and human politics.
(b) To guarantee equal access to Congress.
(c) To demonstrate equality and democracy.
(d) To answer questions of law.

13. Which article, in the document presented by the Committee of Detail, alarms the Maryland delegates?
(a) The power of Congress to overturn legislation by individual states.
(b) The power of Congress to levy taxes on property and income.
(c) The power of Congress to pass navigational acts and regulate commerce among the states.
(d) The power of Congress to override a Presidential veto.

14. Why is Amos Singletry opposed to the Constitution?
(a) He believes it prevents Maine from separating from Massachusetts.
(b) He believes that it offers too much to the citizens of the Southern states.
(c) He believes it favors the lawyers and the elite at the expense of the less-educated and less-well-to-do farmers.
(d) He believes that Massachusetts loses too much power under a national government.

15. What issue is most important for the states of Kentucky and Tennessee?
(a) Free commerce down the Mississippi River and an ocean port for goods.
(b) Proportional representation for all slaves.
(c) A tariff on their goods, including tobacco and timber.
(d) Fair boundaries with neighboring states and a share of the Western Territory.

Short Answer Questions

1. What new phrase does Governor Morris insert in the short preamble to the Constitution?

2. In 1787, which state is not participating in the Union?

3. Which delegate to the Pennsylvania Convention is most vocal in his support for the Constitution?

4. Why does Madison oppose the popular election of the President?

5. What is the Bill of Rights?

(see the answer keys)

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