Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Final Test - Easy

Catherine Drinker Bowen
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. In the events presented in Chapter 18, what patriotic measure does George Mason introduce?
(a) The right of all citizens to vote for the chief executive.
(b) The encouragement of native manufacturers though sumptuary laws.
(c) An oath of allegiance to the new government.
(d) The establishment of a national flag.

2. Which delegate is vehemently against the idea of a standing army?
(a) Elbridge Gerry.
(b) Governor Morris.
(c) Ellsworth.
(d) James Madison.

3. What does Widgery do after the Constitution is ratified by the Massachusetts Convention?
(a) He writes a series of newspaper articles decrying the result.
(b) He pledges to continue fighting against the principles outlined in the Constitution.
(c) He travels to New York to support the opposition by members of that state.
(d) He pledges to uphold the decision of the Convention and sow seeds of union and peace.

4. According to Edmund Randolph, what is the purpose of a preamble?
(a) To designate the ends of government and human politics.
(b) To answer questions of law.
(c) To guarantee equal access to Congress.
(d) To demonstrate equality and democracy.

5. Which is the first state to ratify the Constitution?
(a) Pennsylvania.
(b) Georgia.
(c) New Jersey.
(d) Delaware.

6. What is the Bill of Rights?
(a) The first proposal by the Continental Congress.
(b) The first seven articles of the Constitution.
(c) A universal declaration of the rights of humans.
(d) The first 10 amendments to the Constitution.

7. Why does George Mason object to the motion empowering Congress to cut canals where needed?
(a) He thinks Philadelphia uses it as an excuse for establishing a bank.
(b) He thinks it gives an advantage to the Western Territories.
(c) He believes it create monopolies.
(d) He believes the future of transportation lay elsewhere and this is wasteful spending.

8. Why do delegates to the Massachusetts Convention meet in Boston's Brattle Street Church?
(a) The church is the foundation of Massachusetts government.
(b) The State House is too small.
(c) Samuel Adams wants all meetings to open with prayer.
(d) The governor is an active member of the church.

9. In 1787, which state is not participating in the Union?
(a) Maryland.
(b) New Jersey.
(c) Vermont.
(d) New York.

10. Why does Madison oppose the popular election of the President?
(a) He believes the government is in the form of a monarchy.
(b) He is concerned that political parties unduly effect the outcome of a popular election.
(c) He believes people prefer to elect a citizen from their own state and smaller states have a disadvantage.
(d) He believes that the people are not smart enough to understand the consequences of a popular election.

11. Which delegate is the only Northerner at the Convention who refuses to sign the Constitution?
(a) Edmund Randolph.
(b) Roger Sherman.
(c) Alexander Hamilton.
(d) Elbridge Gerry.

12. What question surrounds the division of the Western Territories?
(a) Whether the newly created states ratifies a Constitution.
(b) Whether the land is effectively governed by a Chief Executive.
(c) Whether the land is divided equally among the existing states.
(d) Whether the newly created states are admitted to the Union on an equal basis.

13. What does the term "American" mean to William Priest?
(a) A white man descends from a native of Europe.
(b) An Indian or one of the New World "aborigines".
(c) Someone who pledges to support the new government.
(d) Any person living in the New World.

14. Which delegate argues that the only requirement for a legislator is citizenship, with no restriction on the length of time the individual has been in America?
(a) James Madison.
(b) Edmund Randolph.
(c) Alexander Hamilton.
(d) Pierce Butler.

15. What new phrase does Governor Morris insert in the short preamble to the Constitution?
(a) "Certain inalienable rights".
(b) "We the people of the United States".
(c) "With liberty and justice for all".
(d) "The pursuit of happiness".

Short Answer Questions

1. Why is Pierce Butler opposed to foreigners without a long residence in America being elected to Congress?

2. What is the result of the Great Compromise?

3. Which delegate proposes that the positive vote of seven states constitutes ratification of the Constitution?

4. How does George Washington show his approval or disapproval of measures discussed at the Convention?

5. Oliver Ellsworth argues that which state should ratify the Constitution or risk being overtaken by New York?

(see the answer keys)

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