Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Final Test - Easy

Catherine Drinker Bowen
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which delegate wishes to establish a national university supported by Congress?
(a) James Madison.
(b) George Washington.
(c) Alexander Hamilton.
(d) Elbridge Gerry.

2. Why do delegates to the Massachusetts Convention meet in Boston's Brattle Street Church?
(a) Samuel Adams wants all meetings to open with prayer.
(b) The State House is too small.
(c) The church is the foundation of Massachusetts government.
(d) The governor is an active member of the church.

3. Which basic proposition is common to the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Report of the Committee of Detail?
(a) The method of determining who is chief executive.
(b) A government in three parts: executive, legislative, judicial.
(c) Length of residency for Congress members.
(d) Proportional representation for each state by size of state-owned land.

4. Why does Madison oppose the popular election of the President?
(a) He believes that the people are not smart enough to understand the consequences of a popular election.
(b) He is concerned that political parties unduly effect the outcome of a popular election.
(c) He believes the government is in the form of a monarchy.
(d) He believes people prefer to elect a citizen from their own state and smaller states have a disadvantage.

5. What does the Committee of Detail present to the Convention on August 6th?
(a) An amended version of the New Jersey Plan.
(b) A revision of the Great Compromise.
(c) A final draft of the Constitution.
(d) An amended version of the Virginia Plan.

6. Which delegate to the Constitution Convention is not elected as a delegate to the Massachusetts Convention?
(a) Elbridge Gerry.
(b) Caleb Strong.
(c) Rufus King.
(d) Nathaniel Gorham.

7. What does Widgery do after the Constitution is ratified by the Massachusetts Convention?
(a) He pledges to uphold the decision of the Convention and sow seeds of union and peace.
(b) He writes a series of newspaper articles decrying the result.
(c) He pledges to continue fighting against the principles outlined in the Constitution.
(d) He travels to New York to support the opposition by members of that state.

8. What does the term "American" mean to William Priest?
(a) A white man descends from a native of Europe.
(b) Any person living in the New World.
(c) An Indian or one of the New World "aborigines".
(d) Someone who pledges to support the new government.

9. Why is a permanent location for the new government more important than it is for the old government?
(a) To alleviate sectional differences, since Southern congressmen feel uncomfortable in the North.
(b) Because the new President wants a permanent home.
(c) There are more congressmen, including those from the interior of the country, and there needs to be a consistency for travel purposes.
(d) To provide a distinction from the old government, where Congress moves from city to city.

10. What is the Bill of Rights?
(a) The first seven articles of the Constitution.
(b) The first proposal by the Continental Congress.
(c) The first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
(d) A universal declaration of the rights of humans.

11. What shocks European visitors to the Southern states?
(a) The distance between cities.
(b) The slave quarters at Mount Vernon.
(c) The clothing worn by the women.
(d) The accents of the Southern citizens.

12. Which delegate proposes that the positive vote of seven states constitutes ratification of the Constitution?
(a) James Madison.
(b) David Carroll.
(c) James Wilson.
(d) Pierce Butler.

13. Which state has the largest delegation present at the end of the Convention?
(a) Massachusetts.
(b) New York.
(c) Pennsylvania.
(d) Virginia.

14. Where does the Constitution go after it is signed in Philadelphia?
(a) To Congress for ratification.
(b) To the individual states for ratification.
(c) To state governors for their approval, then to Congress.
(d) To Congress, who recommends it to the states for ratification.

15. Which delegate is vehemently against the idea of a standing army?
(a) James Madison.
(b) Elbridge Gerry.
(c) Governor Morris.
(d) Ellsworth.

Short Answer Questions

1. Oliver Ellsworth argues that which state should ratify the Constitution or risk being overtaken by New York?

2. In the events presented in Chapter 18, what patriotic measure does George Mason introduce?

3. What are foreign visitors to America surprised they don't see more frequently?

4. What is the federal ratio?

5. Which delegate leaves the Convention early, later saying he wishes he returns to vote 'no' on the Constitution?

(see the answer keys)

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