Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Final Test - Easy

Catherine Drinker Bowen
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which delegate is president of the Illinois-Wabash Land Company?
(a) Manasseh Cutler.
(b) Rufus King.
(c) George Washington.
(d) James Wilson.

2. According to Edmund Randolph, what is the purpose of a preamble?
(a) To demonstrate equality and democracy.
(b) To answer questions of law.
(c) To designate the ends of government and human politics.
(d) To guarantee equal access to Congress.

3. Which basic proposition is common to the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, and the Report of the Committee of Detail?
(a) The method of determining who is chief executive.
(b) Length of residency for Congress members.
(c) A government in three parts: executive, legislative, judicial.
(d) Proportional representation for each state by size of state-owned land.

4. What is the Bill of Rights?
(a) The first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
(b) A universal declaration of the rights of humans.
(c) The first seven articles of the Constitution.
(d) The first proposal by the Continental Congress.

5. In 1787, which state is not participating in the Union?
(a) Maryland.
(b) New York.
(c) Vermont.
(d) New Jersey.

6. Who is named Chairman of the Committee of Style and Arrangement?
(a) James Madison.
(b) Alexander Hamilton.
(c) Rufus King.
(d) William Samuel Johnson.

7. Why is Pierce Butler opposed to foreigners without a long residence in America being elected to Congress?
(a) He believes that only native-born individuals understand democracy.
(b) He believes such individuals bring attachments to other countries that are dangerous to American beliefs.
(c) He believes that Congress functions more efficiently if they are all native English speakers.
(d) He believes that foreigners are not capable of governing effectively.

8. Which state has the largest delegation present at the end of the Convention?
(a) Massachusetts.
(b) Virginia.
(c) New York.
(d) Pennsylvania.

9. What is the result of the Great Compromise?
(a) Every state is able to participate in the National legislature.
(b) Every state has two Senators.
(c) Every state is able to abolish slavery.
(d) Every state is able to choose their own representation.

10. Where does the Constitution go after it is signed in Philadelphia?
(a) To state governors for their approval, then to Congress.
(b) To Congress, who recommends it to the states for ratification.
(c) To Congress for ratification.
(d) To the individual states for ratification.

11. What new phrase does Governor Morris insert in the short preamble to the Constitution?
(a) "With liberty and justice for all".
(b) "Certain inalienable rights".
(c) "The pursuit of happiness".
(d) "We the people of the United States".

12. What issue is most important for the states of Kentucky and Tennessee?
(a) A tariff on their goods, including tobacco and timber.
(b) Fair boundaries with neighboring states and a share of the Western Territory.
(c) Free commerce down the Mississippi River and an ocean port for goods.
(d) Proportional representation for all slaves.

13. In Chapter 21, what does George Mason want to be included in the Constitution?
(a) A different preamble.
(b) The empowerment of Congress to cut canals.
(c) The empowerment of Congress to establish a University.
(d) A bill of rights.

14. What does Edmund Randolph propose on the final day of the Convention?
(a) To add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
(b) To hold a second general Convention after the people have a chance to examine the proposed Constitution.
(c) To empower Congress to establish a University.
(d) To empower Congress to cut canals where they are needed.

15. Who founded the Ohio Company and sells shares to congressmen?
(a) Elbridge Gerry.
(b) Manasseh Cutler.
(c) James Wilson.
(d) George Washington.

Short Answer Questions

1. Why does George Mason object to the motion empowering Congress to cut canals where needed?

2. Which delegate argue that restrictions on the citizenship of legislators are left for Congress to decide?

3. What are foreign visitors to America surprised they don't see more frequently?

4. Which delegate makes the motion that an address to the people accompanies the Constitution?

5. How does George Washington show his approval or disapproval of measures discussed at the Convention?

(see the answer keys)

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