Miracle at Philadelphia Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Catherine Drinker Bowen
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Who is elected secretary of the Convention?
(a) Alexander Hamilton of New York.
(b) Robert Morris of Pennsylvania.
(c) Major Jackson of South Carolina.
(d) James Madison of Virginia.

2. What does late-eighteenth-century Americans eat for breakfast?
(a) Breads and cereals.
(b) "Relishes", including salt fish, ham, and bacon.
(c) Vegetable porridges.
(d) Squirrel ragout.

3. What term do Americans use to describe the process of clearing the land of trees?
(a) Relishing.
(b) Clearing.
(c) Grubbing.
(d) Cutting.

4. What is the first resolution of the New Jersey Plan?
(a) That a single executive governs the country.
(b) That a national government is established with a supreme legislative, judicial, and executive branches.
(c) That all states have equal representation in Congress.
(d) That the Articles of Confederation are revised to make the federal Constitution adequate.

5. What convenience is just becoming fashionable at the time of the Convention?
(a) Toothbrushes.
(b) Buckles.
(c) Plows.
(d) Boots.

6. Which delegate is credited with being the strongest influence on the creation of the 1787 Convention?
(a) Rufus King.
(b) Patrick Henry.
(c) John Adams.
(d) Alexander Hamilton.

7. In Chapter Seven, which delegate is identified as "not consulted" on the vote to grant the national legislature veto power over all laws they deem improper?
(a) George Mason.
(b) George Washington.
(c) Edmund Randolph.
(d) Pierce Butler.

8. What two types of documents do Convention delegates have to guide their discussion of states' rights?
(a) The Articles of the Confederation and the Bill of Rights.
(b) The state constitutions and the Declaration of Independence.
(c) The state constitutions and the Articles of the Confederation.
(d) The Articles of the Confederation and the Declaration of Independence.

9. The delegates decide that congressmen are to be paid how?
(a) By a fixed, moderate stipend from individual state treasuries.
(b) By fixed, moderate stipend from the national treasury.
(c) By a salary with annual raises based on longevity.
(d) By a fixed salary equivalent to two-thirds of a typical merchant salary.

10. Why does Dr. Franklin argue for a plural executive?
(a) He believes a single executive becomes ill and unable to conduct public affairs.
(b) He wants to share the position with George Washington.
(c) He believes a single executive inflames the British.
(d) He believes a plural executive better reflects the interest of all the states.

11. Which delegate opens the Convention's "main business"?
(a) James Madison.
(b) Benjamin Franklin.
(c) Edmund Randolph.
(d) Alexander Hamilton.

12. Who is called the "unsung hero" of the Convention?
(a) James Wilson.
(b) Elbridge Gerry.
(c) Edmund Randolph.
(d) Charles Pinckney.

13. Which state sends the most delegates to the Convention?
(a) Virginia.
(b) Pennsylvania.
(c) Delaware.
(d) New York.

14. Which delegate from South Carolina claims to have a plan similar to that presented by Edmund Randolph?
(a) Elbridge Gerry.
(b) Charles Pinkney.
(c) James Madison.
(d) John Adams.

15. In 1787, which American City still shows the effects of the Revolutionary War?
(a) Boston.
(b) New York City.
(c) Trenton, New Jersey.
(d) Philadelphia.

Short Answer Questions

1. How does Hamilton get named as a delegate to the Convention?

2. On June 19th, which delegate begins the day by arguing against the New Jersey Plan?

3. A motion on which issue opens the discussion on June 20th?

4. What does Bowen consider the most striking feature of the New Jersey Plan?

5. Which issue tie up the Convention proceedings for days?

(see the answer keys)

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