|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why does Schelling say hockey players resist wearing helmets, when they already know they are safer?
(b) They resist the hockey leagues' authority.
(c) Helmets are cumbersome.
(d) They didn't wear helmets when they learned to play as kids.
2. Under what condition would the population not be constrained by a mathematical identity after the youngest ten percent of a population moved away?
(a) The remaining people would have to fill in the work the youngest people had done.
(b) The remaining people would have to be the same age.
(c) The people would still have to live within a reasonable distance.
(d) The young people would not be able to come back for visits.
3. Who was the American president who ordered the bomb to be dropped?
4. What is an externality?
(a) When another person's actions affect your decision.
(b) A factor that the social scientist has to include to balance the appearance of bias in his model.
(c) A consequence unrelated to the choice, but one that proceeds from it and has to be considered.
(d) When additional factors change the terms of the binary choice.
5. What does Schelling say would be at risk in a culture where parents preferred male children?
(a) Monogamous marriage.
(c) Cultural traditions.
6. What is an unconditional preference?
(a) A preference that does not acknowledge other alternatives.
(b) A preference that has to be adopted by all members of a group.
(c) A force of psychological nature.
(d) A preference that does not change regardless of others' actions.
7. What was the status of nuclear weapons under Kennedy and Johnson?
(a) They were classified as weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
(b) They were classified as unconventional weaponry.
(c) They were banned.
(d) They were heavily regulated.
8. How does Schelling account for people's decision to join the majority or follow their own path?
(a) He says that to join the majority is hard-wired into people.
(b) He says that people will follow certain individuals, not "the mass."
(c) Whether to join the majority is not always the most important factor.
(d) He says that it depends on the reasonableness of the behavior.
9. What additional factors does Schelling say contribute to population preferences?
(a) Geographical factors.
(b) Maturity levels of individuals.
(c) Family pressures.
(d) Individual quirks.
10. What does Schelling say would be the downside to chromosomal modification?
(a) Unforeseen medical problems might emerge.
(b) People could argue that traits result more from nurture.
(c) The concept of human-ness might be diminished.
(d) Parents would feel pressure to compete by giving their children the modification.
11. What choice does Schelling say eugenics gave parents?
(a) Whether to have a left-handed or right-handed baby.
(b) Whether to have a boy or a girl.
(c) Whether to keep a baby or not.
(d) Whether to emigrate.
12. What does Schelling say about an equilibrium division of the population?
(a) It will give us a working model of emigration.
(b) It will not produce optimal results.
(c) It will not give us a working model of emigration.
(d) It will give us a working model of social mobility
13. What does Schelling say about the number of genetic variations that can take place when a man and a woman have a baby?
(a) The number is limited by the parents' environment.
(b) The number is limited by the parents' social class.
(c) The number is vast.
(d) The number is limited by the parents' genes.
14. How is genetic modification different from eugenics?
(a) Genetic modification is more subtle.
(b) Genetic modification theories have already led to ethnic cleansing.
(c) Eugenics allows for selection of more minute traits.
(d) They are effectively the same.
15. Where do social scientists chart binary choices?
(a) In articles.
(b) In schematics.
(c) In statistical analyses.
(d) In spreadsheets.
Short Answer Questions
1. What second example does Schelling use to demonstrate a closed system with a density enhancement?
2. What does Schelling say economic models of human behavior consider?
3. What does Schelling say are continuous variables?
4. What does Schelling say about the results of segregation and integration models?
5. What does Schelling say would be the result of his hypothetical case?
This section contains 750 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)