|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Schelling say would be the result of chromosomal selection that allowed parents to select for high-IQ children?
(a) The IQ range would yield a higher average IQ.
(b) Schools would not have to keep children until sixteen years of age.
(c) The incidence of social problems would increase, since intelligence and maturity are different variables.
(d) Parents would not have to work because their children would make more money and support them.
2. How many distinct eggs does Schelling say a woman can produce?
(b) 4 million.
(c) 1 million.
(d) 8 million.
3. What does it mean if the median age is 45 in an open model?
(a) Everyone under 25 and over 70 will move out.
(b) Everyone under 35 and everyone over 65 will move out.
(c) People over 90 will stay to be part of the group.
(d) People will stay until they move to nursing homes.
4. How does Schelling account for people's decision to join the majority or follow their own path?
(a) Whether to join the majority is not always the most important factor.
(b) He says that people will follow certain individuals, not "the mass."
(c) He says that to join the majority is hard-wired into people.
(d) He says that it depends on the reasonableness of the behavior.
5. What is an unconditional preference?
(a) A preference that does not acknowledge other alternatives.
(b) A force of psychological nature.
(c) A preference that has to be adopted by all members of a group.
(d) A preference that does not change regardless of others' actions.
6. What was the status of nuclear weapons under Truman's successor?
(a) They became conventional weapons.
(b) They were classified as weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
(c) They were heavily regulated.
(d) They were banned.
7. What does Schelling say are continuous variables?
(a) Associations, memberships, and career.
(b) Age, income and IQ.
(c) Sex, race and religion.
(d) History, ethnicity and tradition.
8. What additional factors does Schelling say contribute to population preferences?
(a) Geographical factors.
(b) Family pressures.
(c) Maturity levels of individuals.
(d) Individual quirks.
9. What was the status of nuclear weapons under Kennedy and Johnson?
(a) They were classified as weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
(b) They were heavily regulated.
(c) They were banned.
(d) They were classified as unconventional weaponry.
10. How does Schelling predict nations will behave with regard to nuclear arms control?
(a) If there are terrorists anywhere in the world, nations will still maintain nuclear arsenals.
(b) If one decides to limit arms, the price of arms will go up.
(c) If one leads the others will follow.
(d) If arms are limited, other weapons will experience arms races.
11. What does Schelling say might allow people to select detailed traits of their children?
(a) Hormone therapies.
(b) Genetic mapping.
(c) Radiation therapy.
(d) Chromosome mining.
12. What does Schelling say parents are most concerned with in the case of vaccination?
(a) The consequences of not being vaccinated.
(b) Who else is vaccinating their children.
(c) The benefits of the vaccine.
(d) How often the vaccination services are available.
13. What example does Schelling use to explain the closed system with a density enhancement?
(a) Distribution for a highway toll system.
(b) Distribution for a nursing home.
(c) Distribution for local co-op market.
(d) Distribution for a university.
14. What model of human behavior does Schelling say arms control follows?
(a) Binary choice model.
(b) Commons model.
(c) The herding instinct.
(d) Critical-mass model.
15. What does Schelling say about an equilibrium division of the population?
(a) It will not produce optimal results.
(b) It will not give us a working model of emigration.
(c) It will give us a working model of social mobility
(d) It will give us a working model of emigration.
Short Answer Questions
1. What factor does Schelling use as an example of what motivates adults in their distribution decisions?
2. What does Schelling say are discrete variables?
3. What is Schelling's tone in his discussion of nuclear weapons?
4. What does Schelling say can be included in closed models?
5. Why does Schelling say the U.S. did not have to use nuclear weapons in Kuwait?
This section contains 698 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)