|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What ingrained behavior does Schelling say informs the decision where to sit in a theater?
(a) Not to sit in the back.
(b) Not to sit in front.
(c) Not to sit next to anyone.
(d) Not to sit near funny-looking people.
2. What does Schelling say the defines independent variable in a behavioral system?
(a) The sum of the dependent variables.
(b) The sum of the independent variables in linked systems.
(c) The sum of the dependent variables in parallel systems.
(d) The imp of the perverse.
3. What does Schelling ultimately say about a decision such as where to sit in a theater?
(a) It is neither superficial nor thoughtless.
(b) It is neither meaningful nor memorable.
(c) It is not predictable but it nonetheless follows a pattern.
(d) It is a common decision that people make the same way depending on where they are in the crowd.
4. What does Schelling say about human desire?
(a) It seeks mathematically-predictable levels of stability.
(b) It is torn within itself and it is split from its own language.
(c) It changes from childhood to teen years to adulthood.
(d) It is torn between irreconcilable desires for different states.
5. What else does Schelling say social scientists consider in behavior modeling?
(a) Ethnic conflicts.
(b) Collective results.
(c) Philosophical preferences.
(d) Religious history.
6. What does Schelling say is the key to predicting whether there will be a critical mass?
(a) Knowing why people delay their decisions.
(b) Modeling the undesirability of the decision being weighed.
(c) Articulating the fears that surround the decision in the collective unconscious.
(d) Defining the number that will constitute the critical mass.
7. Which example does Schelling say complicates the prospect of arriving at a definitive proposition?
(a) A college with an unequal distribution of male and female students.
(b) A business with a number of different product lines.
(c) A population spread out over a wide geographical area.
(d) A commodity whose price is volatile.
8. What does Schelling say about the underlying motivation for segregation?
(a) It can be fairly ordinary.
(b) ItIt is inevitable.
(c) It is necessary.
(d) It is based in race or ethnic hatred.
9. What does Schelling say individual behaviors have in economic analysis?
(a) Statistical predictability.
(b) Mathematical equality.
(d) Statistical insignificance.
10. How does the heating system parallel human behavior in Schelling's example?
(a) A vessel carries whatever hot or cold air or water runs through it.
(b) A voice distributes its energy into the environment around it.
(c) A trait becomes more and more intense until it expresses itself in heat.
(d) A rising variable alternatively over and under performs.
11. What does Schelling say about the frequency of pairs?
(a) Many phenomena occur in pairs.
(b) Pairs are rare in nature but common in society.
(c) Pairs are a human construct.
(d) Pairs are common if your criteria are simple.
12. How does Schelling describe a critical-mass behavior?
(a) Something that can only take place if there is a large audience to watch it.
(b) Something that has to be restarted after a certain interval.
(c) Something that cannot be stopped once it begins.
(d) Something that becomes self-sustaining once a certain number of people start to do it.
13. What additional reason does Schelling give for the desire to sit in the back of a theater?
(a) People want to be far from the stage.
(b) People want to be prepared to flee.
(c) People want to watch people arrive.
(d) People want to feel safe in the dark.
14. How does Schelling describe the Golden Gate Bridge?
(a) As a closed system.
(b) As a semi-closed system.
(c) As a static equilibrium.
(d) As an open system.
15. How many calls does the individual receive, in the aggregate, in Schelling's analysis?
(a) It depends on how many people he knows.
(b) As many as he makes.
(c) As many as others make.
(d) It depends on his personality.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Schelling say about economic systems that allow unequal distribution of wealth?
2. What term does Garrett Hardin use to describe people who infringe on others by following their own desires intently?
3. What does Schelling say the presence of a small group of black students in a college student body does for any economic propositions about the behavior of that student body?
4. What does Schelling say Hardin based his research on?
5. What does the critical mass provide for the individual?
This section contains 739 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)