|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Schelling say the Russian's space program affected America's space program?
(a) The Russians were determined to win superiority, but victory cost more than they could afford.
(b) The Americans were determined not to be outdone from the beginning.
(c) The Americans answered the Russians feat for feat.
(d) There was a short lag before America's investment caught up with and surpassed the Russians'.
2. What does Schelling say is the key to predicting whether there will be a critical mass?
(a) Knowing why people delay their decisions.
(b) Defining the number that will constitute the critical mass.
(c) Articulating the fears that surround the decision in the collective unconscious.
(d) Modeling the undesirability of the decision being weighed.
3. How does Schelling describe daylight savings time?
(a) As a critical mass.
(b) As a self-enforcing convention.
(c) As a self-fulfilling prophecy.
(d) As a self-displacing prophecy.
4. What does Schelling say a proposition has to have in order to be true?
(a) It has to be mathematically grounded.
(b) It has to be fair and balanced.
(c) It has to be able to be translated into an equation.
(d) It has to be inclusive and correct.
5. How does Schelling characterize the individual's relationship with the society?
(a) He does not need to know how it works, he only has to perform his part.
(b) He strives for a full understanding of every part.
(c) He tends to specialize, and not to see the influences that drive him.
(d) He tends to organize with others in his similar situation.
6. How does Schelling describe a critical-mass behavior?
(a) Something that becomes self-sustaining once a certain number of people start to do it.
(b) Something that has to be restarted after a certain interval.
(c) Something that can only take place if there is a large audience to watch it.
(d) Something that cannot be stopped once it begins.
7. What does Schelling say about economic systems that allow unequal distribution of wealth?
(a) That they are pernicious.
(b) That they are admirable.
(c) That, based on human nature, they are inevitable.
(d) That they compel amazement, but not admiration.
8. When does Schelling say social behavior can be considered a critical mass?
(a) When the number of people exhibiting behavior is the most important factor.
(b) When the behavior matches with models that were based in the physics of nuclear fission.
(c) When the behavior has to do with things sold by the pound.
(d) When social criticism is essential to defining the problem.
9. What does Schelling say about segregation?
(a) It is generally an emotional expression of the collective unconscious.
(b) It is usually harmless.
(c) Sometimes it is deliberate, but not always.
(d) It is always at least unconsciously deliberate.
10. What does Schelling say is the result if aggregate behavior results from a small number of variables?
11. How does Schelling describe discrimination?
(a) As an absolute preference.
(b) As a court of opinion and rumor.
(c) As a two-fold distinction.
(d) As the opposite of the free market.
12. What does Schelling say about discrimination?
(a) It is always offensive.
(b) It is a paradox.
(c) It is generally accepted.
(d) It is not necessarily malicious.
13. What ingrained behavior does Schelling say informs the decision where to sit in a theater?
(a) Not to sit in the back.
(b) Not to sit next to anyone.
(c) Not to sit near funny-looking people.
(d) Not to sit in front.
14. What does the heating-system-like aspect of human behavior seek, in Schelling's analysis?
(a) Relief from tension.
(b) Perpetual comfort.
(c) An appropriate level.
15. What do the laws visible in the human behavior Schelling describes lead you to expect in other cyclic processes?
(a) Latent resistances.
(b) Unexpected results.
(c) Hidden variables.
(d) Lag time.
Short Answer Questions
1. How does Schelling describe the Golden Gate Bridge?
2. What does Schelling say the measles story is an example of?
3. What does Schelling say a doctor administering measles vaccines found, that illustrates the human behavior Schelling is describing?
4. Why might segregation result without discrimination?
5. How does Schelling say the success of society is evaluated?
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