|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. How does Schelling say people are segregated?
(a) By sex and age.
(b) By college major and degree.
(c) By their preference for Charlie Chaplin or Buster Keaton.
(d) By income and heritage.
2. What does Schelling say Hardin based his research on?
(a) Ethnic populations moving into new neighborhoods.
(b) People selling cars.
(c) Cows grazing.
3. What does Schelling say about a bike owner buying a bike for $90 and selling it for $150?
(a) He says that the owner still has to pay overhead, so the exchange is equal.
(b) He says that the exchange replaces a real bicycle with abstract money.
(c) He says that the exchange is consistent with laws of capitalism.
(d) He says that the owner gains a profit of $60.
4. What else does Schelling say social scientists consider in behavior modeling?
(a) Ethnic conflicts.
(b) Religious history.
(c) Philosophical preferences.
(d) Collective results.
5. What does Schelling say people feel in a "bounded-neighborhood" model?
(a) Apprehensive about the future if there is a chance that other ethnicities might take over.
(b) Trapped among people similar to themselves.
(c) Happy if they are the vast majority.
(d) Happy if members of another race do not outnumber them.
6. What does Schelling say is the result if aggregate behavior results from a small number of variables?
7. What does the critical mass provide for the individual?
(a) A plausible excuse.
(c) Confidence that he is right.
(d) Safety in numbers.
8. What does Schelling say most people will say about their driving?
(a) They are better than average.
(b) They are average.
(c) They are unique.
(d) They are charismatic.
9. What does Schelling say individuals react to?
(a) Their own stimuli.
(b) The desire of the mass.
(c) The collective unconscious.
(d) The fear of the mass.
10. What does Schelling say individual behaviors have in economic analysis?
(b) Mathematical equality.
(c) Statistical insignificance.
(d) Statistical predictability.
11. How does Schelling describe a critical-mass behavior?
(a) Something that has to be restarted after a certain interval.
(b) Something that cannot be stopped once it begins.
(c) Something that becomes self-sustaining once a certain number of people start to do it.
(d) Something that can only take place if there is a large audience to watch it.
12. What fear does Schelling say informs the behavior that is ingrained in people's decisions where to sit in a theater?
(a) The fear of being involved.
(b) The fear of a pop quiz in class.
(c) The fear of being called on stage.
(d) The fear of violent teachers.
13. What case does Schelling use to illustrate the difficulty of making an economic proposition?
(a) Raising the draft age.
(b) Ending the draft.
(c) Raising the drinking age.
(d) Lowering the drinking age.
14. What natural phenomenon does Schelling compare the economy to?
(a) Celestial bodies.
(b) An ant colony.
(c) An ocean ecosystem.
(d) A forest.
15. What is the first thing Schelling says a social behavior model can be?
(a) A precise statement of a set of relationships.
(b) A form of accounting.
(c) A hypothetical explanation of individual's motives.
(d) A flow chart.
Short Answer Questions
1. What name does Schelling give to the effect people have on each other's behavior?
2. What does Schelling say constrains the social scientist's model for race segregation?
3. What does Schelling say race discrimination is caused by?
4. How does Schelling say the Russian's space program affected America's space program?
5. How does Schelling describe a decision such as choosing a seat in a theater?
This section contains 655 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)