|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What fear does Schelling say informs the behavior that is ingrained in people's decisions where to sit in a theater?
(a) The fear of violent teachers.
(b) The fear of being called on stage.
(c) The fear of a pop quiz in class.
(d) The fear of being involved.
2. How does Schelling describe daylight savings time?
(a) As a self-fulfilling prophecy.
(b) As a self-displacing prophecy.
(c) As a critical mass.
(d) As a self-enforcing convention.
3. What does Schelling say provides clear evidence of black versus white areas in American cities?
(c) First-hand observation.
(d) History books.
4. How does Schelling say the success of society is evaluated?
(a) In the success of the leaders and superior individuals.
(b) In the welfare of the least successful individuals.
(c) In the health and success of individuals.
(d) On the aggregate, not the individual level.
5. What does Schelling say about discrimination?
(a) It is generally accepted.
(b) It is not necessarily malicious.
(c) It is always offensive.
(d) It is a paradox.
6. What does Schelling say about the frequency of pairs?
(a) Many phenomena occur in pairs.
(b) Pairs are rare in nature but common in society.
(c) Pairs are a human construct.
(d) Pairs are common if your criteria are simple.
7. What term does Garrett Hardin use to describe people who infringe on others by following their own desires intently?
(c) Self-fulfilling prophecy.
(d) Critical mass.
8. What example does Schelling use as an example of discrimination?
(a) American and European.
(b) Fish and fowl.
(c) Individual and mass.
(d) Boys and girls.
9. Why can the Golden Gate Bridge charge a double toll for traffic in one direction without fear of being unfair?
(a) Because even one-way drivers will return one day.
(b) Because tolls are designed to repair social inequality.
(c) Because people coming south have more money than people in the city.
(d) Because the traffic reverses direction at the end of every day.
10. What does Schelling say about economic systems that allow unequal distribution of wealth?
(a) That, based on human nature, they are inevitable.
(b) That they are admirable.
(c) That they compel amazement, but not admiration.
(d) That they are pernicious.
11. In Schelling's analysis, what behavior governs the people filling the theater?
(a) Bunching behavior.
(c) Group aversion.
12. How many calls does the individual receive, in the aggregate, in Schelling's analysis?
(a) It depends on his personality.
(b) It depends on how many people he knows.
(c) As many as he makes.
(d) As many as others make.
13. What does Schelling say about the underlying motivation for segregation?
(a) It is based in race or ethnic hatred.
(b) ItIt is inevitable.
(c) It is necessary.
(d) It can be fairly ordinary.
14. What does Schelling say social scientists consider in behavior modeling?
(a) Political environment.
(b) Individual incentives.
(c) Fear of punishment.
(d) The collective unconscious.
15. What does Schelling say social scientists hope to describe by characterizing a system?
(a) An explanation for other phenomena that fit the same pattern.
(b) Information about the difficulties of modeling social behavior.
(c) Heuristics with which to judge behavior in nature.
(d) A mathematical model that accounts for all microbehavior within the phenomenon.
Short Answer Questions
1. What does Schelling say about Christmas cards?
2. What does Schelling say about discrimination as a reason for segregation?
3. What does Schelling say about balance in individual cases?
4. What does Schelling say people feel in a "bounded-neighborhood" model?
5. What additional reason does Schelling give for the desire to sit in the back of a theater?
This section contains 690 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)