|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What example from human psychology does Schelling contrapose to conscious choice?
(a) Dread and awe.
(d) Parasympathetic behavior.
2. What does Schelling say social scientists hope to describe by characterizing a system?
(a) Heuristics with which to judge behavior in nature.
(b) Information about the difficulties of modeling social behavior.
(c) An explanation for other phenomena that fit the same pattern.
(d) A mathematical model that accounts for all microbehavior within the phenomenon.
3. What does Schelling say the measles story is an example of?
(a) A critical-mass process.
(b) A paradoxical process.
(c) A counter-intuitive process.
(d) A public-health process.
4. What does Schelling say is the goal of his model for describing segregation?
(a) An equitable division of resources between racial groups.
(b) A preservation of tensions between ethnic groups.
(c) An end to the tensions between ethnic groups.
(d) An acceptable equilibrium between racial groups.
5. What term does Garrett Hardin use to describe people who infringe on others by following their own desires intently?
(c) Self-fulfilling prophecy.
(d) Critical mass.
6. To what does Schelling compare a sociologist?
(a) A forest ranger.
(b) A musician.
(c) A mathematician.
(d) A naturalist.
7. What does the critical mass provide for the individual?
(a) Confidence that he is right.
(b) A plausible excuse.
(c) Safety in numbers.
8. What does Schelling say the farmer needs to know?
(a) How much milk his cows are giving.
(b) Who will take his milk to market.
(c) Who will buy his milk.
(d) How much it will cost the driver to take his milk to market.
9. What does Schelling say governs each decision?
(a) Dread and awe.
(b) The collective unconscious.
(c) Preferences and goals.
(d) Longing and fear.
10. What does Schelling say is important in economics?
(a) Natural laws.
(b) Individual behavior.
11. What does Schelling say about segregation?
(a) It is usually harmless.
(b) It is generally an emotional expression of the collective unconscious.
(c) Sometimes it is deliberate, but not always.
(d) It is always at least unconsciously deliberate.
12. What example does Schelling use to show discrimination in an atypical light?
(a) Driving home the long way to avoid the highway.
(b) Shopping in a store that has fresh produce.
(c) Taking a friend of another race to dinner.
(d) Buying a foreign car because it has good gas mileage.
13. What does Schelling say distinguishes the sociologist from other scientists?
(a) He uses non-mathematical data.
(b) He is involved in the life he is studying.
(c) He publishes in different journals.
(d) He studies himself as well as his subject.
14. How does Schelling say people are segregated?
(a) By sex and age.
(b) By college major and degree.
(c) By income and heritage.
(d) By their preference for Charlie Chaplin or Buster Keaton.
15. What example does Schelling use as an example of discrimination?
(a) American and European.
(b) Fish and fowl.
(c) Boys and girls.
(d) Individual and mass.
Short Answer Questions
1. What name does Schelling give to the effect people have on each other's behavior?
2. What does Schelling say a proposition has to have in order to be true?
3. How does Schelling describe a critical-mass behavior?
4. Schelling says that it is hard to draw the line between "individually motivated" segregation and what?
5. What does Schelling say about economic systems that allow unequal distribution of wealth?
This section contains 621 words
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