Micromotives and Macrobehavior Test | Mid-Book Test - Easy

Thomas Schelling
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This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. What natural phenomenon does Schelling compare the economy to?
(a) An ant colony.
(b) An ocean ecosystem.
(c) A forest.
(d) Celestial bodies.

2. What term does Garrett Hardin use to describe people who infringe on others by following their own desires intently?
(a) Lemons.
(b) Self-fulfilling prophecy.
(c) Commons.
(d) Critical mass.

3. What does Schelling say about economic systems that allow unequal distribution of wealth?
(a) That they compel amazement, but not admiration.
(b) That, based on human nature, they are inevitable.
(c) That they are admirable.
(d) That they are pernicious.

4. When does Schelling say social behavior can be considered a critical mass?
(a) When social criticism is essential to defining the problem.
(b) When the behavior has to do with things sold by the pound.
(c) When the behavior matches with models that were based in the physics of nuclear fission.
(d) When the number of people exhibiting behavior is the most important factor.

5. What does Schelling say distinguishes the sociologist from other scientists?
(a) He uses non-mathematical data.
(b) He publishes in different journals.
(c) He is involved in the life he is studying.
(d) He studies himself as well as his subject.

6. What does Schelling compare to the process of tracking the circulation of money in an economy?
(a) Musical chairs.
(b) The development and use of language.
(c) Water's movement from the ocean to clouds to rivers to the ocean.
(d) Rumors circulating.

7. What does Schelling say constrains the social scientist's model for race segregation?
(a) Qualitative analysis.
(b) Historical analysis.
(c) Quantitative analysis.
(d) Political analysis.

8. How does Schelling describe the system of skiers going up a lift and coming down the trails?
(a) As an open system.
(b) As a transformative system.
(c) As a static system.
(d) As a closed system.

9. What does Schelling say a doctor administering measles vaccines found, that illustrates the human behavior Schelling is describing?
(a) Nothing could convince a certain percentage of the population to get vaccinated.
(b) When measles began to disappear, mothers would stop having their babies vaccinated, and the disease would come back.
(c) Once they saw that the vaccine worked, mothers couldn't get enough of it for their children.
(d) Arranging to have children vaccinated meant negotiating with the oldest people in the villages.

10. How does Schelling describe daylight savings time?
(a) As a self-displacing prophecy.
(b) As a self-enforcing convention.
(c) As a critical mass.
(d) As a self-fulfilling prophecy.

11. What does Schelling say social scientists consider in behavior modeling?
(a) Fear of punishment.
(b) The collective unconscious.
(c) Political environment.
(d) Individual incentives.

12. What does Schelling say provides clear evidence of black versus white areas in American cities?
(a) Maps.
(b) First-hand observation.
(c) History books.
(d) Demography.

13. Why does Schelling say people tend to sit in the back of a theater?
(a) Because that's where the desirable people sit.
(b) Because it is darker there.
(c) Because they are afraid of the front.
(d) Because they want to be able to leave.

14. What does Schelling say social scientists hope to describe by characterizing a system?
(a) A mathematical model that accounts for all microbehavior within the phenomenon.
(b) An explanation for other phenomena that fit the same pattern.
(c) Heuristics with which to judge behavior in nature.
(d) Information about the difficulties of modeling social behavior.

15. Why can the Golden Gate Bridge charge a double toll for traffic in one direction without fear of being unfair?
(a) Because the traffic reverses direction at the end of every day.
(b) Because even one-way drivers will return one day.
(c) Because tolls are designed to repair social inequality.
(d) Because people coming south have more money than people in the city.

Short Answer Questions

1. What does Schelling say discrimination is?

2. What does Schelling say has to be closely attended to, in economic analysis?

3. What social science does Schelling say sociology resembles?

4. How does Schelling characterize the individual's relationship with the society?

5. What does Schelling say a proposition has to have in order to be true?

(see the answer keys)

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