|Name: _________________________||Period: ___________________|
This test consists of 15 multiple choice questions and 5 short answer questions.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does Schelling say distinguishes the sociologist from other scientists?
(a) He publishes in different journals.
(b) He studies himself as well as his subject.
(c) He uses non-mathematical data.
(d) He is involved in the life he is studying.
2. What does Schelling say people feel in a "bounded-neighborhood" model?
(a) Trapped among people similar to themselves.
(b) Happy if members of another race do not outnumber them.
(c) Apprehensive about the future if there is a chance that other ethnicities might take over.
(d) Happy if they are the vast majority.
3. What additional explanation does Schelling offer for seat selection?
(a) He says it might be influenced by the spirits.
(b) He says it might be a learned process.
(c) He says it might be evidence of a higher intelligence.
(d) He says it might be random.
4. What does Schelling say about balance in individual cases?
(a) It is evidence of the collective unconscious.
(b) It is a transcendent law.
(c) It defines the nature of human beings.
(d) It does not exist.
5. What does the critical mass provide for the individual?
(b) Safety in numbers.
(c) Confidence that he is right.
(d) A plausible excuse.
6. What does Schelling say is important in economics?
(b) Natural laws.
(d) Individual behavior.
7. What does Schelling say race discrimination can lead to?
(a) Economic discrimination.
(c) Harmful segregation.
(d) Race hatred.
8. What does Schelling say a proposition has to have in order to be true?
(a) It has to be inclusive and correct.
(b) It has to be able to be translated into an equation.
(c) It has to be fair and balanced.
(d) It has to be mathematically grounded.
9. What does Schelling say is the term for a situation where two people hurt themselves and each other by making self-interested decisions?
(a) The tipping-point/critical-mass model.
(b) Prisoner's dilemma.
(c) The lemon model.
(d) The Spanish prisoner.
10. What does Schelling say most people will say about their driving?
(a) They are charismatic.
(b) They are better than average.
(c) They are average.
(d) They are unique.
11. What part of a heating system does Schelling use as a metaphor for human behavior?
(a) A boiler.
(b) A pipe.
(c) A thermostat.
(d) A heating fan.
12. What does Schelling say people have a tendency to do?
(a) Put others down.
(b) Hide from unpleasant facts.
(c) Put themselves in good positions.
(d) Be honest.
13. What term does Garrett Hardin use to describe people who infringe on others by following their own desires intently?
(a) Critical mass.
(d) Self-fulfilling prophecy.
14. What name does Schelling give to the effect people have on each other's behavior?
(a) Contingent behavior.
(b) Emotional intelligence.
(c) Archetypal intelligence.
(d) Anxiety of influence.
15. What does Schelling say the presence of a small group of black students in a college student body does for any economic propositions about the behavior of that student body?
(a) Introduces non-economic competition.
(b) Introduces tension and inequality.
(c) Introduces randomness.
(d) Introduces uncertainty.
Short Answer Questions
1. Under what condition, does Schelling say, would a black person feel more comfortable reading ads in a church bulletin?
2. What does Schelling say about the underlying motivation for segregation?
3. How do people affect each other's decisions where to sit in theater?
4. What does Schelling call the phenomenon when two independent activities are dependent upon each other in that one is looked to as the other's source of growth?
5. To what does Schelling compare a sociologist?
This section contains 642 words
(approx. 3 pages at 300 words per page)