Objective: In Chapter 1, Watson and Holmes take turns deducing characteristics of Dr. Mortimer, using his left-behind walking stick as a focal point. Not surprisingly, Holmes is almost entirely accurate. Holmes never guesses, but makes factual observations of what is presented to him. This lesson will deal with Holmes's methods of deduction.
1) Class Discussion: Holmes's working picture of Dr. Mortimer is almost completely accurate. How did he arrive at these conclusions? More specifically, what is the difference between guessing and deducing?
2) Compare and Contrast: Compare and contrast Watson's statements versus Holmes's statements in regards to Dr. Mortimer. How did Watson arrive at his conclusions? Was he actually deducing or guessing? How can the reader tell? Why is Watson wrong? Can anyone deduce as correctly as Holmes or does the person need to be an expert?
3) Group Discussion: Split the class into small groups of three to five. Even...
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