For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Test | Mid-Book Test - Medium

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This test consists of 5 multiple choice questions, 5 short answer questions, and 10 short essay questions.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. As McPherson discusses the initial impulse that prompted men to enlist on both sides after the raid on Fort Sumter he references which of the following French terms?
(a) Folie.
(b) Rage militaire.
(c) Combattre pret.
(d) Vide en haut.

2. When discussing various war memoirs, McPherson mentions that James Gooding, a black soldier in the 54th Massachusetts, wrote which of the following?
(a) Hard Marching Every Day.
(b) Hard Tack and Coffee.
(c) On The Altar of Freedom.
(d) The Rebel Yell and the Yankee Hurrah.

3. In May 1861, a lieutenant in a Pennsylvania regiment wrote he would not enlist for a period longer than ________, unless his country needed him, in which case he'd enlist for life.
(a) 9 months.
(b) 4 years.
(c) 3 months.
(d) 2 years.

4. In the discussion of the physiological effects of warfare, a chemical reaction in the adrenal gland causes which of the following to be released?
(a) Cortisol.
(b) Red blood cells.
(c) Glucose.
(d) Norepinephrine.

5. During the discussion of good-luck charms and talismans, the author notes that he has not encountered any evidence of Civil War soldiers carrying what common item?
(a) Acorns.
(b) Rabbit's foot.
(c) Horseshoe.
(d) Four leaf clover.

Short Answer Questions

1. As the book opens, McPherson says that he took some Princeton students to Gettysburg in the spring of what year?

2. After the battle of Fredericksburg, which famous writer visited his brother, a lieutenant in the 51st New York, after the man had been wounded?

3. While talking about historically and politically famous individuals who fought the Civil War, McPherson mentions which of the following Ohio Republican leaders?

4. As McPherson discusses religion's role in the Civil War, he notes that a lieutenant from New Jersey who fought in the conflict was what religion?

5. In his discussion of duty, what does McPherson say Confederate soldiers are more likely to speak of?

Short Essay Questions

1. Explain the adrenaline rush described by McPherson in the discussion of how soldiers responded to battle.

2. McPherson says that duty and honor were powerful motives for battle, and then goes on to say that they had to be because what modern elements were lacking in Civil War-era soldiers?

3. After the discussion of courage, bravery, and valor, what fear does McPherson say Civil War soldiers wrote even more about than the three-part concept of honor?

4. How did the Calvinist doctrine of predestination factor into soldiers' lives in the discussion of religion?

5. What generally happened to the relationships between soldiers and officers after they went through a battle together, as discussed in "Chapter 4: If I Flinched, I was Ruined"?

6. In the discussion of religion, how did Christian soldiers reconcile the war with the commandment to "turn the other cheek"?

7. In the discussion of leadership, what qualities does McPherson say made a good officer?

8. While discussing "short-timers" psychology, what reason does McPherson give for why this phenomenon did not exist in the Confederate army?

9. Why, according to "Chapter 5: Religion is What Makes Brave Soldiers," does religion make soldiers brave?

10. What ideological concepts and convictions initially motivated the Union soldiers to fight in "Chapter 2: We Were in Earnest"?

(see the answer keys)

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